Date:07/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Keller, T.L.
Title:Implications of the hydrostatic assumption on atmospheric gravity waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 1915-1929
Abstract:The validity of the hydrostatic approximation is examined for use in predicting the dynamics of topographically generated atmospheric gravity waves (lee waves) propagating in an atmosphere with realistic wind shear. To isolate nonhydrostic effects, linear, analytic solutions derived both with and without the hydrostatic assumption
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Record ID:41/1


Date:09/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raga, G.B., R.E. Stewart, J.W. Stapp
Title:Mesoscale structure of precipitation bands in a North Atlantic storm
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 2039-2051
Abstract:The present study discusses the meso- and microscale structures of precipitation regions within a midlatitude winter storm over the North Atlantic, observed during the Experiment on Rapidly Intensifying Cyclones over the Atlantic. Two wide regions of precipitation separated
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Record ID:41/2


Date:01/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(55) Potential Vorticity
Author:Browning, K.A., R. Reynolds
Title:Diagnostic study of a narrow cold-frontal rainband and severe winds associated with a stratospheric intrusion
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 120, 235-257
Abstract:A diagnostic study of a severe wind event associated with a cold front is presented based on output from an operational numerical weather prediction model together with radar and satellite imagery and detailed surface observations.
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Record ID:41/3


Date:10/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Colby, F.P., Jr., K. L. Seitter
Title:Short term weather forecasting in real time in a base weather station setting
Publication:Phillips Lab. Rept. #PL-TR-94-2048, Hanscom AFB, MA 01731-3010
Abstract:Several change have been made to the mesoscale model during the past year, and they are highlighted in this report.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/4


Date:11/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, C., J.W. Rottman, S.E. Koch
Title:Numerical simulations of upstream blocking, columnar disturbances, and bores in stably stratified shear flows over an obstacle
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 2506-2529
Abstract:A two-dimensional, nonhydrostatic, elastic numerical model has been used to study the generation of gravity waves for a stably stratified shear flow over an obstacle. When a low-level wind shear is included in the simulation, we find that the predictions for noticeable upstream effects based on Froude number for a uniform flow are no longer accurate.
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Record ID:41/5


Date:11/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, F., R. Avissar
Title:The impact of land-surface wetness heterogeneity on mesoscale heat fluxes.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 33, 1323-1340
Abstract:Vertical heat fluxes associated with mesoscale circulations generated by land-surface wetness discontinuities are often stronger than turbulent fluxes, especially in the upper part of the atmospheric planetary boundary layer. As a result, they contribute significantly to the subgrid-scale fluxes in large-scale atmospheric models.
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Record ID:41/6


Date:04/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wu, X.
Title:Diagnostic and semiprognostic studies of cumulus effects in the presence of mesoscale circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev.., 122, 652-670
Abstract:Heat and moisture budgets of two mesoscale convective systems of a characteristic horizontal scale of approximately 450 km are studied using the ATmospheric Variability Experiment-Server Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment mesoscale data with a cutoff wavelength of 150 km. The scale dependence of budget
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Record ID:41/7


Date:11/15/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sutherland, B.R., C.P. Caulfield, W.R. Peltier
Title:Internal gravity wave generation and hydrodynamic instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 3261-3280
Abstract:Two mechanisms are proposed whereby internal gravity waves (IGW) may radiate from a linearly unstable region of Bou7ssinesq parallel flow that is characterized in the far field by constant horizontal velocity and Brunt-Vaisala frequency. Through what is herin referred to as 'primary generation', IGW may be directly excited by linear instability of the initail-state parallel shear flow.
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Record ID:41/8


Date:01/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Trier, S.B., D.B. Parsons
Title:Updraft dynamics within a numerically simulated subtropical rainband
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 39-58
Abstract:In this study a three-dimensional numerical cloud model is used to examine the early evolution of deep convective rainbands that occur in an environment of weak to moderate buoyancy and directionally varying lower-tropospheric vertical wind shear.
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Record ID:41/9


Date:01/15/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ziegler, C.L., W.J. Martin, R.A. Pielke, R.L. Walko
Title:A modeling study of the dryline environment
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 263-285
Abstract:Results of a modeling study of the 24 May 1989 dryline are presented. A nonhydrostatic, two-dimensional version of the Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (CSU-RAMS) is used to deduce the impact of east-west variability of soil moisture and vegetation on convective boundary layer evolution and dryline formation.
Location:24
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Record ID:41/10


Date:04/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mo, K.C., J. Nogues-Paegle, J. Paegle
Title:Physical mechanisms of the 1993 summer floods
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 879-895
Abstract:The physical mechanisms responsible for the onset and maintenance of the 1993 summer floods were examined using the localized Eliassen-Palm flux diagnostics and solutions of a single-level primitive equation model linearized about a meridionally varying basic state.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/11


Date:04/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Atkins, N.T., R.M. Wakimoto, T.M. Weckwerth
Title:Observations of the sea-breeze front during CaPE. Part II: Dual-Doppler and aircraft analysis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 944-969
Abstract:The three-dimensional kinematic structures of offshore and onshore flow sea-breeze fronts observed during the CaPE experiment are shown using high resolution dual-Doppler and aircraft data. The fronts interact with horizontal convective rolls (HCRs) that develop within the convective boundary layer.
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Record ID:41/12


Date:04/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hines, K.M., D.H. Bromwich, T.R. Parish
Title:A mesoscale modeling study of the atmospheric circulation of high southern latitudes
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1146-1165
Abstract:The meteorology of high southern latitudes during winter is simulated using a cloud-free version of The Pennsylvania State University-National Center for Atmospheric Research Mesoscale Model version 4 (MM4) with a 100-km horizontal resolution. Comparisons between idealized simulations of Antarctica with MM4 and with the mesoscale model of Parish and Waight reveal that both models produce similarly realistic velocity fields in the boundary layer.
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Record ID:41/13


Date:05/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ulrickson, B.L., J.S. Hoffmaster, J. Robinson, D. Vimont
Title:A numerical modeling study of the Catalina eddy
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1364-1373
Abstract:A numerical modeling study of the Catalina Eddy was performed to investigate the causes of this occasional vortex over the Bight of California. The eddy was successfully simulated by imposing over the mesoscale domain a strong northwesterly flow resembling one that was associated with a June 1988 occurrence. In the simulation, a low pressure center forms in the lee of the San Rafael Mountains, that is, over the northern bight.
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Record ID:41/14


Date:05/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wakimoto, R.M., D.E. Kingsmill
Title:Structure of an atmospheric undular bore generated from colliding boundaries during CaPE
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1374-1393
Abstract:A case study of a sea-breeze front originating from the east coast of Florida colliding with a gust front moving toward the southeast is presented. Single- and multi-Doppler radar analyses combined with serial balloon ascents suggest that the denser sea-breeze flow undercut the cold pool behind the gust front and may have generated a westward-propagating undular bore.
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Record ID:41/15


Date:05/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bates, G.T., S.W. Hostetler, F. Giorgi
Title:Two-year simulation of the Great Lakes Region with a coupled modeling system
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1505-1522
Abstract:In this paper, we report on an experiment aimed at evaluating the feasibility of the application of our coupled regional climate modeling system to long-term climate simulations over the Great Lakes region. The simulation analyzed covers a continuous 24-month period beginning 1 September 1990 and extending to 1 September 1992.
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Record ID:41/16


Date:05/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pan, Z., M. Segal, R. Turner, E. Takle
Title:Model simulation of impacts of transient surface wetness on summer rainfall in the United States midwest during drought and flood years
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1575-1581
Abstract:Surface moisture availability has been hypothesized by various investigators to provide additional negative (positive) feedback on rainfall during summer drought (flood) conditions in the Midwest. In this note, we report on a preliminary numerical modeling effort in which the impact of transient changes in surface wetness on summer rainfall events in the midwestern United States during two recent drought and flood years is assessed.
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Record ID:41/17


Date:06/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cho, H.R., C.T.J. Chen
Title:Mei-Yu frontogenesis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2109-2120
Abstract:A hypothesis concerning the development of the western sector of a Mei-Yu front is proposed. An observational evidence showing the presence of a positive low-level potential vorticity (PV) anomaly along the western sector of a Mei-Yu front is first presented.
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Record ID:41/18


Date:05/15/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parker, D.J., A.J. Thorpe
Title:Conditional convective heating in a baroclinic atmosphere: A model of convective frontogenesis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 1699-1711
Abstract:It is shown here that there exists a regime of balanced frontogenssis that is forced amost entirely by the diabatic heating due to a front.
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Record ID:41/19


Date:06/15/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mass, C.F.
Title:Comments on ``The dynamics of coastally trapped mesoscale ridges in the lower atmosphere'
Publication:J. Atmos. Si., 52, 2313-2318
Abstract:NONE
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Record ID:41/20


Date:06/15/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reason, C.J.C., D.G. Steyn
Title:Reply
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 2319-2324
Abstract:NONE
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Record ID:41/21


Date:06/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, X.A., Y.-L. Chen
Title:Development of low-level jets during TAMEX
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1695-1719
Abstract:Detailed synoptic-scale map analysis and diagnosis for all six low-level (LLJ) cases that occured during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) were made to study the structure and the development of the LLJs. It was shown that the development of these LLJs was closely linked to the development of a lee trough to the east of the Tibetan Plateau.
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Record ID:41/22


Date:06/00/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(49) Mountain Meteorology
Author:Akaeda, K., J. Reisner, D. Parsons
Title:The role of mesoscale and topographically induced circulations in initiating a flash flood observed during the TAMEX project.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 1720-1739
Abstract:This study investigates the evolution of a mesoscale convective system that formed during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) on the 19 June 1987. With respect to the upstream flow, the convective system formed in the lee with rainfall totals from this system exceeding 100mm. Any event that produces over 100 mm of rain in 24 h is thought to be capable of producing flooding over the steep orography of Taiwan.
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Record ID:41/23


Date:01/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., J.L. Eastman, L.D. Grasso, J.B. Knowles, M.E. Nicholls, R.L. Walko, X. Zeng
Title:Atmospheric Vortices
Publication:Fluid Vortices (Chap. XIV), S.I. Green (ed.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, 617-650
Abstract:None
Location:20
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Record ID:41/24


Date:01/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(59) Radar Meteorology
Author:Ishihara, M., Y. Fujiyosi, A. Tabata, H. Sakakibara, K. Akaeda, H. Okamura
Title:Dual Doppler radar analysis of an intense mesoscale rainband generated along the Baiu Front in 1988: Its kinematical structure and maintenance process
Publication:J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 73, 139-163
Abstract:During the Baiu Front heavy rainfall expeirment in 1988, a mesoscale rainband was generated along the Baiu front and heavy rainfall up to 178 mm occurred.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/25


Date:07/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Agee, E.M., S.R. Gilbert
Title:An aircraft investigation of mesoscale convection over Lake Michigan during the 10 January 1984 cold air outbreak
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1877-1897
Abstract:Surface, upper air, aircraft and satellite observations during the Lake-Effect Snow Studies (LESS) field program have been examined to study the properties of a cloud-topped boundary layer (CTBL) that formed in response to a northerly flow of continential polar air over Lake Michigan
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Record ID:41/26


Date:04/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Alexander, G.D., G.S. Young
Title:The relationship between EMEX Mesoscale Precipitaiton Feature properties and their environmental characteristics
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 554-553
Abstract:Chacteristics of the prestorm environment of equatorial mesoscale experiment (EMEX) mesoscale precipitaiton features (MPFs) are rleated to properties of these systems using regression analysis
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Record ID:41/27


Date:04/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Alpert, P.
Title:Mesoscale indexing of the distribution of orographic precipitation over high mountains
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteror., 25, 532-545
Abstract:A simple analytical expresion for indexing the orographic precipitation rate over high mountains is presented. The formulat is based upon the assumption that the moisture convergence in the mountainous boundary
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Record ID:41/28


Date:05/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Alpert, P., E. Eppel
Title:A proposed index for mesoscale activity
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 24, 472-480
Abstract:The diurnal and interdiurnal wind variabilities are defined in terms of the ``relative gustiness'. The proportion alpha between the diurnal and the interdiurnal variabilities thus defined is suggested as a useful index in mesoscal studies.
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Record ID:41/29


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Alpert, P., B. Getenio
Title:One-level diagnostic modeling of mesoscale surface winds in complex terrain. Part I: Comparison with three-dimensional modeling in Israel
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2025-2046
Abstract:A one-level sigma-coordinate model origionally developed by Danard and modified by Mass and Dempsey and Alpert et al., is applied to the study of surface flow over an averaged summer dirunal cycle in
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Record ID:41/30


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Alpert, P., B. Getenio, R. Zak-Rosenthal
Title:One-level modeling for diagnosing surface winds over complex terrain. Part II: Applicability to short-range forecasting
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2047-2061
Abstract:The modified one-level sigma-surface model used by Alpert and Getenio (1988) to study the surface-averaged summertime flow in Israel is run once with the best available information, without tweaking any
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Record ID:41/31


Date:04/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A.
Title:Enhancement of convective precipitation by mesoscale variations in vegetative covering in semiarid regions
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 541-554
Abstract:It is hypothesized that planting bands of vegetation of the order of 50-100 km in semiarid regions could, under favorable large-scale atmospheric conditions results in increases of convective precipitation.
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Record ID:41/32


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A., D. Keyser, J.W. Deardorff
Title:Further considerations on modeling the sea breeze with a mixed-layer model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 757-765
Abstract:Mixed-layer models have been used to simulated low-level flows under a variety of situations, including flow over complex terrain and in the vicinity of coastal zones.
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Record ID:41/33


Date:00/00/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Astling, E.G.
Title:On the relationship between diurnal mesoscale circulations and precipitation in a mountain valley
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 1635-1644
Abstract:Diurnal signatures of precipitation at mountainstations in Utah have been studied and precipitation events in the Salt Lake Valley compared with wind circulations.
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Record ID:41/34


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bader, D.C., T.B. McKee, G. Tripoli
Title:Mesoscale boundary layer evolution over complex terrain. Part I: Numerical simulation of the diurnal cycle
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 2823-2838
Abstract:The continuous development of a mesoscale boundary layer over sloping terrain upwind of a high mountain barrier was simulated through a complete diurnal cycle using a nonhydrostatic boundary-layer model.
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Record ID:41/35


Date:06/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Balachandran, N.K.
Title:Gravity waves from thunderstorms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 804-816
Abstract:Gravity waves generated by severe thunderstorms in the eastern Ohio-Pennsylvania area were recorded by an array of microbarovariographs at Palisades, New York and by standard microbarographs across northeastern U.S.
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Record ID:41/36


Date:12/15/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Banta, R.M., L.D. Olivier, D.H. Levinson
Title:Evolution of the Monterey Bay sea-breeze layer as observed by pulsed Doppler lidar
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 3959-3982
Abstract:As part of the land-sea breeze experiment (LASBEX) to study the sea breeze at Monterey Bay, the pulsed Doppler lidar of the NOAA/ERL Wave Propagation Laboratory performed vertical and nearly horizontal scansof the developing sea breeze on 12 days.
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Record ID:41/37


Date:03/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barnes, G.M., J.F. Gamache, M.A. LeMone, G.J. Stossmeister
Title:A convective cell in a hurricane rainband
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 776-794
Abstract:On 10 Oct 1983 the two NOAA WP-3D aircraft completed a mission designed to provide airborne Doppler radar data for a convective cell embedded in a weak rainband on the trailing side of Hurricane Raymond.
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Record ID:41/38


Date:09/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barnes, G.M., E.J. Zipser, D. Jorgensen, F. Marks, Jr.
Title:Mesoscale and convective structure of a hurricane rainband
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2125-2137
Abstract:The mesoscale therodynamic, kinematic, and radar structure of a hurricane Floyd rainband observed on 7 Sept 1981 is presented.
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Record ID:41/39


Date:09/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bechtold, P., J.P. Pinty, P. Mascart
Title:A numerical investigation of the influence of large scale winds on sea-breeze and inland-breeze-type circulations
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 30, 1268-1279
Abstract:A two-dimensional mesoscale model is used to study the influence of large-scale back-ground winds on sea-breeze and inland-vegetation breeze-type circulations.
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Record ID:41/40


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Benson, C.L., Jr., G.V. Rao
Title:Convective bands as structural components of an Arabian Sea convective cloud cluster
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 3013-3023
Abstract:During the summer Monsoon Experiment 1979 (MONEX-79) a unique mix of meteorological data was obtained on 20 June to analyze a convective cloud cluster that formed over the extreme eastern Arabian Sea
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Record ID:41/41


Date:11/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blumen, W.
Title:Reflection of hydrostatic gravity waves in a stratified shear flow. Part I: Theory
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2255-2263
Abstract:Continuous partial reflection of linear hydrostatic gravity waves that propagate through a stratified shear flow is examined.
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Record ID:41/42


Date:11/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blumen, W., C.S. Hartsough
Title:Reflection of hydrostatic gravity waves in a stratified shear flow. Part II: Application to downslope surface windstorms
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2319-2331
Abstract:A model of continuous partial reflection of hydrostatic gravity waves, developed in Part I, is applied to the Klemp and Lilly model of downslope surface windstorms.
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Record ID:41/43


Date:04/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blyth, E.M., A.J. Doman, J. Noilhan
Title:The effect of forest on mesoscale rainfall: An example from HAPEx-MOBILHY
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 33, 445-454
Abstract:A meso-best-scale model is used to model a frontal intrusion in southwest France during HAPEX-MOBILHY. The skill of the model to reproduce the observed variation in temperature, humidity, and wind speed
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Record ID:41/44


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bosart, L.F., F. Sanders
Title:The Johnstown flood of July 1977: A long-lived convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1616-1642
Abstract:The heavy rains responsible for the disastrous flash floods near Johnstown, Pennsylvania, on the night of 19-20 July 1977 are shown to be part of a large quasi-circular mesoscale convective complex.
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Record ID:41/45


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bosart, L.F., A. Seimon
Title:A case study of an unusually intense atmospheric gravity wave
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1857-1886
Abstract:A remarkable long-lived, large-amplitude gravity wave in the Carolinas and Virginia on 27 Feb 1984 is investigated by means of a subsynoptic-scale case study.
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Record ID:41/46


Date:00/00/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bougeault, P., P. Laccarrere
Title:Parameterization of orogrpahy-induced turbulence in a meso-beta-scale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 1872-1890
Abstract:The possibility of existing techniques for turbulence parameterization in the planetary boundary layer to altitude, orography-induced turbulence events is examined.
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Record ID:41/47


Date:03/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Braham, R.R., Jr., D.A.R. Kristovich, M.J. Dungey
Title:Comparison of lake-effect snow precipitation rates determined from radar and aircraft measurements
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 237-246
Abstract:Snow-particle size-mass relations derived from radar reflectivity and particle-size spectra obtained from Particle Measuring Systems (PMS) probes in nonconvective clouds predict greater masses for large
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Record ID:41/48


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Braham, R.R., Jr., M.J. Dungey
Title:Quantitative estimates of the effects of Lake Michigan on snowfall
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 940-949
Abstract:A climatological study of snowfall in the snowbelts of Michigan shows that decade-averaged amounts varied by a factor of 2 during the period from 1909/10 through 1980/81.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/49


Date:02/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bridger, A.F.C., W.C. Brick, P.F. Lester
Title:The structure of the marine inversion layer off the central California coast: Mesoscale conditions
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 335-351
Abstract:Data collected on board an instrumented aircraft during the Marine Atmsopheric Boundary Layer Experiment West Coast (MABLES WC) field study are examined.
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Record ID:41/50


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brown, B.G., R.W. Katz, A.H. Murphy
Title:Exploratory analysis of precipitation events with implication for stochastic modeling
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 24, 57-67
Abstract:The use of a concept called a precipitation ``event' to obtain information regarding certain statistical properties of precipitation time series at a particular location and for a specific application
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Record ID:41/51


Date:02/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brown, J.M.
Title:Mesoscale unsaturated downdrafts driven by rainfall evaporation: A numerical study
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 313-338
Abstract:It has been proposed that evaporation of precipitation falling from widespread thick masses of nibostratus derived from cumulonibus can account for the mesoscale unsaturated downdrafts inferred to occur
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Record ID:41/52


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A., C.G. Collier, P.R. Larke, P. Menmuir, G.A. Monk, R.G. Owens
Title:On the forecasting of frontal rain using a weather radar network
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 534-552
Abstract:This paper is concerned with the quantitative forecasting of hourly rainfall for the period 0-6 h ahead using linear extrapolation techniques.
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Record ID:41/53


Date:07/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Burpee, R.W.
Title:Peninsula-scale convergence in the South Florida sea breeze
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 852-860
Abstract:Computations of peninsula-scale convergence in southern Florida reveal that daily-averaged surface convergence on sea-breeze days with relatively little rainfall is larger than on days with widespread rain.
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Record ID:41/54


Date:02/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Burk, S.D., D.O. Staley
Title:Comments ``On the rotation rate of the direction of sea and land breezes'
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 369-371
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/55


Date:09/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Businger, S., P.V. Hobbs
Title:Mesoscale structures of two comma cloud systems over the Pacific Ocean
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1908-1928
Abstract:Satellite and synoptic data are used to establish the environments in which two comma cloud systems occurred over the Pacific Oean;
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Record ID:41/56


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Caracena, F., R.A. Maddox, L.R. Hoxit, C.F. Chappell
Title:Mesoanalysis of the Big Thompson storm
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1-17
Abstract:Mesoscale analyses and descriptions of meteorological conditions that produced the devastating flash flood in the Big Thompson Canyon on 31 July 1976 are presented.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/57


Date:02/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cautenet, S., R. Rosset
Title:Numerical simulation of sea breezes with vertical wind shear during dry season at Cape of Three Points, West Africa
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 329-339
Abstract:The airflow over Cape of Three Points has been simulated using a three-dimensional mesoscale model in order to investigate the sea breeze developing in synoptic vertical wind shears during the 1979 dry
Location:22
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Record ID:41/58


Date:03/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chaing-Heins, C., H.D. Orville
Title:Effects of mesoscale convergence on cloud convection
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 19, 256-274
Abstract:A two-dimensional time-dependent cloud model was used in this research to investigate the effects of mesoscale convergence on cloud convection.
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Record ID:41/59


Date:06/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chan, D.T., H.R. Cho
Title:Meso-beta-scale potential vorticity anomalies and rainbands. Part I: Adiabatic dynamics of potential vorticity anomalies
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1713-1723
Abstract:The dynamics of mesoscale anomalies in the potential vorticity field is examined in a two-dimension semigeostrophic adiabatic frontogenesis model.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/60


Date:10/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chang, S.S., R.R. Braham, Jr.
Title:Observational study of a convective internal boundary layer over Lake Michigan
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 2265-2279
Abstract:Using aircraft data collected during the University of Chicago Lake-Effect Snow Storm project, the results of a case study of the convective thermal internal boundary layer (TIBL) over Lake Michigan are
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Record ID:41/61


Date:03/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, C.H., H.D. Orville
Title:Effects of mesoscale convergence on cloud convection
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 19, 256-274
Abstract:A two-dimensional time-dependent cloud model was used in this research to investigate the effects of mesoscale convergence on cloud convection.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/62


Date:11/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, Y.L., N.F.F. Hui
Title:Analysis of a relatively dry front during the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2442-2468
Abstract:The evolution of a relatively dry front duirng the early-summer rainy season of Taiwan is analyzed. Because of the synoptic subsidence associated with a subtropical high pressure cell over the northern
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Record ID:41/63


Date:05/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, Y.L., Y.X. Zhang, N.B.F. Hui
Title:Analysis of a surface front during the early summer rainy season over Taiwan
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 909-931
Abstract:A case study of a relatively dry fron during TAMEX IOP-4 is presented.
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Record ID:41/64


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, M.D., M. Yanai
Title:Effects of downdrafts and mesoscale convective organization on the heat and moisture budgets of tropical cloud clusters. Part III: Effects of mesoscale convective organization
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1566-1588
Abstract:The effects of mesoscale convective organization on the large-scale heat and moisture budgets of tropical cloud clusters are studied using the GATE Phase III data.
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Record ID:41/65


Date:04/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chimonas, G., F. Einaudi, D.P. Lalas
Title:A wave theory for the onset and initial growth of condensation in the atmosphere
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 827-845
Abstract:Pre-storm conditions are often characterized by an atmosphere in the presence of rather strong wind shears and a temperature inversion.
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Record ID:41/66


Date:01/15/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cho, H.R., D. Chang
Title:Meso-beta-scale potential vorticity anomalies and rainbands. Part II: Moist model simulations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 331-341
Abstract:A two-dimensional semigeostrophic frontogenesis model is used to study meso-beta scale potential vorticity anomalies as a possible cause for rainbands in midlatitude cyclones.
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Record ID:41/67


Date:07/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chou, L.C., C.P. Chang, R.T. Williams
Title:A numerical simulatin of the Mei-Yu front and the associated low level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 1408-1428
Abstract:A two-dimensional frontal model was used to study the structure and behavior of the Mei-Yu front over East Asia.
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Record ID:41/68


Date:05/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Churchill, D.D., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Mesoscale updraft magnitude and cloud-ice content deduced from the ice budget of the stratiform region of a tropical cloud cluster
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1717-1725
Abstract:Radar observations obtained during winter MONEX describe the three-dimensional structure and development of the mesoscale stratiform region of a tropical cloud cluster.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/69


Date:04/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Churchill, D.D., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Effects of radiation and turbulence on the diabatic heating and water budget of the stratiform region of a tropical cloud cluster
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 903-922
Abstract:A two-dimensional, kinematic model, incorporating ice- and water-cloud microphysics, visible and infrared radiation, and convective adjustment, is used to diagnose the thermodynamic, water vapor, and
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Record ID:41/70


Date:07/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, J.H.E., S.R. Dembek
Title:The catalina eddy event of July 1987: A coastally trapped mesoscale response to synoptic forcing
Publication:Mon. Wea. REv., 119, 1714-1735
Abstract:The Catalina eddy that existed 5 July 1987 during FIRE (First ISSCP Regional Experiment) over offshor California is analyzed.
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Record ID:41/71


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clarke, R.H., R.K. Smith, D.G. Reid
Title:The morning glory of the Gulf of Carpentaria: An atmospheric underlar bore
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1726-1750
Abstract:This paper presents the results of a field expedition mounted in late September/early October 1979 to investigate the structure and origin of the ``morning glory' of the Gulf of Carpentaria in northern
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Record ID:41/72


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cockayne, J.E.
Title:Comments on ``Large-scale aspects of deep convective activity over the GATE area'
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1269
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/73


Date:15/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cohen, C., W.M. Frank
Title:Simulation of tropical convective systems. Part II: Simulations of moving cloud lines
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3800-3820
Abstract:The new cumulus parameterization of Part I of this paper is used in a series of simulations of tropical mesoscale convective lines.
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Record ID:41/74


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cooper, H.J., M. Garstang, J. Simpson
Title:The diurnal interactions between convection and peninsular-scale forcing over S. Florida
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 486-503
Abstract:Surface wind measurements taken during the summers of 1973 and 1975 in the Florida Area Cumulus Experiments (FACEj) fine-mesh networks are used to calculate surface divergence on the convective scale
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Record ID:41/75


Date:08/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Craig, G.C., H.R. Cho
Title:Cumulus convection and CISK in midlatitudes. Part II: Comma-cloud formation in cyclonic shear regions
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1318-1333
Abstract:Observational studies show that polar air stream cyclones form preferentially to the north of the polar front in regions of high vorticity and low static stability, although the baroclinicity may be
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Record ID:41/76


Date:01/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A.
Title:The effect of ambient stratification and moisture on the motion of atmospheric undular bores
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 171-181
Abstract:A numerical model is used to examine the effects of ambient stratification on the behavior of an atmospheric undular bore.
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Record ID:41/77


Date:05/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, A.N.
Title:Trapping of low-level internal gravity waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1533-1541
Abstract:The characteristics of internal gravity waves propagating on a layer of high stratification near the ground with a deeper, weakly stratified layer above are examined with the aid of a nonydrostatic
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Record ID:41/78


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., T.L. Clark, M.W. Moncrieff
Title:The Denver cyclone. Part I: Generation in low Froude number flow
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 2725-2742
Abstract:A numerical model is used to study the ``Denver cyclone' a mesoscale vortex that develops in eastern Colorado under southerly to southeasterly flow.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/79


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A.
Title:Moist convection at a surface cold front
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3469-3494
Abstract:The motion of a surface cold front in an environment that is unstable to moist convection is studied with the aid of both hydrostatic two-dimensional models.
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Record ID:41/80


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., M.W. Moncrieff
Title:The effect of large-scale convergence on the generation and maintenance of deep moist convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 3606-3624
Abstract:The effect of large-scale convergence on the generation and maintenance of deep moist convection is examined with a numerical cloud model.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/81


Date:10/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., T.L. Clark, M.W. Moncrieff
Title:The Denver cyclone. Part II: Interaction with the convective boundary layer
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 2109-2126
Abstract:The effect of surface heating on the flow past an isolated obstacle is examine with the aid of a nonlinear numerical model.
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Record ID:41/82


Date:09/15/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crum, F.X., T.J. Dunkerton
Title:Analytic and numerical models of wave-CISK with conditional heating
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1693-1708
Abstract:Wave-CISK with conditional heating is investigated in the equatorial zonal-height plane by analytic and numerical techniques.
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Record ID:41/83


Date:06/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dalu, G.A., R.A. Pielke
Title:An analytical study of the sea breeze
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1815-1825
Abstract:In this paper we present theoretical results concerning the sea breeze intensity and its inland penetration as a function of latitude and friction.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/84


Date:02/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davis, C.G., S.S. Bunker, J.P. Mutschlecner
Title:Atmospheric transport models for complex terrain
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 235-238
Abstract:Two codes, ATMOS1 and ATMOS2, have been developed to model respectively, wind field and pollutant transport in three dimensions with particular application to complex terrain.
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Record ID:41/85


Date:04/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Deardorff, J.W., K. Ueyoshi, Y.J. Han
Title:Numerical study of terrain-induced mesoscale motions and hydrostatic form drag in a heated, growing mixed layer
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1420-1441
Abstract:A four-layer three-dimensional model whose lowest layer is a time and space-dependent, well-mixed boundary layer is employed over artificial, irriegular terrain on the mesoscale during a daytime heating cye.
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Record ID:41/86


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dewey, K.F.
Title:Lake Erie induced mesosystems--An operational forecast model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 421-425
Abstract:All Lake Erie lake-effect days for a 10-year period prior to the 1976-77 snowfall season were utilized in the development of an operational lake-effect snowfall forecast model.
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Record ID:41/87


Date:06/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dewey, K.F.
Title:An objective forecast method developed for Lake Ontario induced snowfall systems
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 18, 787-793
Abstract:A research effort was initiated in 1976 to develop an objective lake-effect snowfall forecast for each of the Great Lakes.
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Record ID:41/88


Date:02/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Djuric, D.
Title:A numerical model of the formation and evolution of a low-level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 384-390
Abstract:A one-layer, one-dimensional nuemrical model is described which simulates the life cyclone of the extra-tropical low-level jet (LLJ).
Location:15
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Record ID:41/89


Date:11/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dorman, C.E.
Title:Comments on ``Coastal southerlies and along short surges of the West Coast of North America: Evidence of mesoscale tropographyically trapped response to synoptic forcing'
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2401-2406
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/90


Date:00/00/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doviak, R.J., R. Ge
Title:An atmospheric solitary gust observed with a Doppler radar, a tall tower and a surface network
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2559-2573
Abstract:Doppler radar and a 444 m tall instrumented tower provide a detailed view of the kinematic and thermodynamic structure of a solitary gust.
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Record ID:41/91


Date:11/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doyle, J.D., T.T. Warner
Title:A Carolina coastal low-level jet during GALE IOP 2
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 2414-2428
Abstract:During the intensive observation period 2 of the Genesis of Atlantic Lows Experiment a persistent, dirunally varying, northeasterly low-level jet (LLJ) was observed along the Carolina coastal plain.
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Record ID:41/92


Date:02/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doyle, J., T. Warner
Title:Mesoscale coastal processes during GALE IOP 2
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 283-308
Abstract:During Intensive Observation Period 2 of the Genesis of Atlantic Lows Experiment, a number of mesoscale phenomena were observed with special and conventional observing systems over the land and coastal waters. This study involved
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Record ID:41/93


Date:08/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Draxler, R.R.
Title:Simulated and observed influence of the noctural urban heat island on the local wind field
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 1125-1133
Abstract:A three-dimensional primitive equation model was used to simulate the low-level wind field, given the urban heat island as the lower temperature boundary condition.
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Record ID:41/94


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Drosdowsky, W., G.J. Holland, R.K. Smith
Title:Structure and evolution of North Australian cloud lines observed during AMEX Phase I
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 1181-1192
Abstract:North Australian cloud lines are distinctive, squall-line phenomena that occure in eastelry flow across northern Australia.
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Record ID:41/95


Date:10/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dudhia, J.
Title:Numerical study of convection observed during the winter monsoon experiment using a mesoscale two-dimensional model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3077-3107
Abstract:A two-dimensional version of the Pennsylvania State University mesoscale model has been applied to winter monsoon experiment data in order to simulate the diurnally occurring convection observed over the South China Sea.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/96


Date:12/15/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dunkerton, T.J., R.E. Robins
Title:Evidence of saturation in a gravity-wave critical layer
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 2560-2563
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/97


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Egger, J.
Title:Valley winds and the diurnal circulatio over Plataeus
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2177-2186
Abstract:The role of valley winds in the diurnal circulation of large-scale mountain massifs like the Tibetan Plateau is investigated.
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Record ID:41/98


Date:02/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Einaudi, F., A.J. Bedard, Jr., J.J. Finnigan
Title:A climatology of gravity waves and other coherent distrubances at the Boulder atmospheric observatory during March-April 1984
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 303-329
Abstract:We present a climatologicla study of gravity waves and other coherent distrubances at the Boulder Atmospheric Observatory, during the period mid-March to mid-April 1984.
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Record ID:41/99


Date:05/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ellenton, G.E., M.B. Danard
Title:Inclusion of sensible heating is convective parameterization applied to lake-effect snow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 551-565
Abstract:A method has been designed for including the surface fluxes of water vapor and sensible heat from water surfaces in a convective parameterization scheme for a primitive equation numerical model of the
Location:7
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Record ID:41/100


Date:12/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Emanuel, K.A.
Title:Inertial instability and mesoscale convective systems. Part I: Linear theory of inertial instability in rotating viscous fluids
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 2425-2449
Abstract:Observations of strong convective lines in middle lattitudes indicate a close association of the lines with the prsence of vertical shear of the large-scale horizontal wind.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/101


Date:05/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Emanuel, K.A.
Title:Inertial instability and mesoscale convective systems. Part II: Symmetric CISK in a baroclinic flow
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1080-1097
Abstract:Numerous budget studies of organized persistent systems of convective clouds outside the tropics suggested that circulations of mesoscale proportions are important in supplying moisture to the convective
Location:0
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Record ID:41/102


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Emanuel, K.A.
Title:The Lagrangian parcel dynamics of moist symmetric instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2368-2376
Abstract:A simple model describing the slantwise ascent of a two-dimensional horizontal air tube subject to moist symmetric instability is developed under the assumptions that the Froude number is small and tht
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Record ID:41/103


Date:04/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Emanuel, K.A.
Title:Comments on 'Inertial instability and mesoscale convective systems. Part I'
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 757-752
Abstract:None
Location:14
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Record ID:41/104


Date:12/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Erasmus, D.A.
Title:A model for objective simulation of boundary-layer winds in an area of complex terrain
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 1832-1841
Abstract:An objective analysis model is formulated to simulate the boundary-layer wind field in an area of complex terrain on the island of Oahu, Hawaii.
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Record ID:41/105


Date:12/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Erasmus, D.A.
Title:A comparison of simulated and observed boundary-layer winds in an area of complex terrain
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 1842-1852
Abstract:The boundary-layer wind field in an area of complex terrain is simulated using an objective analysis model.
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Record ID:41/106


Date:03/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Errico, R.M.
Title:An analysis of dynamic balance in a mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 558-572
Abstract:The degrees to which mesoscale model simulations satisfy forms of the quasi-geostrophic omega-equation and nonlinear balance equation equations are determined for various vertical and horizontal scales.
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Record ID:41/107


Date:12/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Errico, R.M.
Title:The forcing of gravitational normal modes by condensational heating
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 2734-2752
Abstract:Time series of normal mode coefficients were determined by projectio of data produced at every time step for 64 days of a long climate simulation with the NCAR Community Climate Model.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/108


Date:03/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A.
Title:Further studies of a lake breeze. Part I: Observational study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 611-618
Abstract:The three-dimensional structure and behavior of a lake-land breeze circulation system inducted by lake Ontario for a selected 24 h period is presented.
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Record ID:41/109


Date:03/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A., J.M. Gross
Title:Further studies of a lake breeze Part II: Theoretical study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 619-634
Abstract:The three-dimensional sturcture and behavior of the lake-land breeze circulation which is induced by Lake Ontario is studied by means of a numerical model.
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Record ID:41/110


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fast, J., M. McCorcle
Title:A two-dimensional numerical sensitivity study of the Great Plains low-level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 151-163
Abstract:Observations have shown the existence of diurnal oscillation of the wind profile in the spring-time boundary layer of the United States called the Great Plains low-level jet.
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Record ID:41/111


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ferber, G.K., C.F. Mass
Title:Surface pressure perturbations produced by an isolated mesoscale topographic barrier. Part iI: Influence on regional circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2597-2606
Abstract:This paper describes the detailed pressure and surface wind evolution associated with several important mesoscale phenomena in the region surrounding the Olympex Experiment, during which elevent high-
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Record ID:41/112


Date:07/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fernandez, W., R.E. Chacon, J.W. Melgargejo
Title:Modification of air flow due to the formation of a reservoir
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 982-988
Abstract:Local modifications of air flow caused by the contruction of the Arenal Reservoir in Costa Rica were investigated.
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Record ID:41/113


Date:07/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fett, R.W., S.D. Burk
Title:Island barrier effects as observed by satellite and instrumented aircraft, and simulated by a numerical model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1527-1541
Abstract:Examples of island barrier effects appearing in visual and infrared Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) data are shown and documented with selected conventional and research aircraft data.
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Record ID:41/114


Date:12/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fiedler, B.H.
Title:Comments on ``Kelvin-Helmholtz instability in severe downslope wind flow
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 2343-2344
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/115


Date:09/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fiorino, M., T.T. Warner
Title:Incorporating surface winds and rainfall rates into the initialization of a mesoscale hurricane model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1914-1929
Abstract:The initialization of a three-dimensional model with operational data for Hurricane Eloise (1974) was studied to assess the impact of using bogus storm data, surface winds, rainfall rates, and a high
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Record ID:41/116


Date:03/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fovel, R.G.
Title:Influence of the Coriolis force on two-dimensional model storms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 606-630
Abstract:Two-dimensional model simulations were made to gage the effect of the Coriolis force on model squall lines.
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Record ID:41/117


Date:09/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fraedrich, K., J.L. McBride
Title:The physical mechanism of CISK and the free-ride balance
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2642-2648
Abstract:The properties of the ``free-ride' assumption of balance between diabatic heating and adiabatic cooling are investigated by incorporating it into the classical two-level CISK model of Charney and Eliassen.
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Record ID:41/118


Date:12/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Frank, W.M., C. Cohen
Title:Simulation of tropical convective systems. Part I: A cumulus parameterization
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3787-3799
Abstract:A new cumulus param,eterization is developed for use in mesoscale model simulations of precipitating convective systems.
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Record ID:41/119


Date:10/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., R.J. Kane, C.R. Chelius
Title:The contribution of mesoscale convective weather systems to the warm-season precipitation in the U.S.
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 25, 1333-1345
Abstract:The contribution of precipitation from mesoscale convective weather systems to the warm-season (April-September) rainfall in the U.S. is evaluated.
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Record ID:41/120


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., R.A. Maddox
Title:Convectively driven mesoscale weather systems aloft. Part I: Observations
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 9-19
Abstract:Examination of NMC upper tropospher analyses (300, 200 and 150 mb charts) indicates that significant perturbations are present in the wind fields in the vicinity of intense meso-alpha scale (250-2500 km)
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Record ID:41/121


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., R.A. Maddox
Title:Convectively driven mesoscale weather systems aloft. Part II: Numerical simulation
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 20-26
Abstract:A fine-mesh, 20-level, primitive equation model is used to study the generation of convectively driven weather systems in the vicinity of the troposphere.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/122


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., C.F. Chappell
Title:Numerical prediction of convectively driven mesoscale pressure systems. Part I: Convective parameterization
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1722-1733
Abstract:A parameterization formulation for incorporating the effects of midlatitude deep convection into mesoscale numerical models is presented.
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Record ID:41/123


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., C.F. Chappell
Title:Numerical prediction of convectively-driven mesoscale pressure systems. Part II: Mesoscale model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1734-1762
Abstract:A 20-level, three-dimensional, primitive equation model with 20 km horizontal resolution is used to predict the development of convectively driven mesoscal pressure systems.
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Record ID:41/124


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., J.M. Brown
Title:On the generation of convectively driven mesohighs aloft
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1554-1563
Abstract:In an attempt to determine the relative contribution of the direct incorporation of cold air (detrainment from overshooting convective cloud tops) to the production of mesohighs in the vicinity of the
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Record ID:41/125


Date:00/00/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fuelberg, H.E., M. Printy
Title:A kinetic energy analysis of the meso beta-scale severe storm environment
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 3212-3226
Abstract:An area of intense thunderstorms occurred within the special rawinsonde network collecting data on 20-21 May 1979, the fifth day of the
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Record ID:41/126


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T.T.
Title:Tornadoes and downbursts in the context of generalized planetary scales
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1511-1534
Abstract:In order to cover a wide range of horizontal dimensions of airflow, the author proposes a series of the vowels, A, E, I, O, U.
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Record ID:41/127


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T.T., R.M. Wakimoto
Title:Effects of miso- and mesoscale obstructions of PAM winds obtained during Project NIMROD
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 840-858
Abstract:27 PAM (Portable Automated Mesonet) stations were operated between 19 May and 1 July 1978 during the operational phase of Project NIMROD (Northern Illinois Meteorological Research on Downbursts), collecting
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Record ID:41/128


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fukao, S., M>D. Yamanaka, T. Sato, T. Tsuda, S. Kato
Title:Three-dimensional air motions over the Baja front observed by a VHF-Band Doppler radar: A case study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 281-292
Abstract:Upper-tropospheric three dimensional air motions have been observed for the first time during the Baiu period in 1984 by using a 46.5 MHz Doppler radar in Japan.
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Record ID:41/129


Date:02/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fulton, R., D. Zrnic, R. Doviak
Title:Initiation of a solitary wave family in the demise of a noctural thunderstorm density current
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 319-337
Abstract:This paper describes the characteristics and evolving nature of a vigorous thunderstorm density current very early in the morning of 9 May 1981 in Oklahoma.
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Record ID:41/130


Date:06/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Garner, C.S., M.S. Miller, C.H. Liu
Title:Rayleigh Lidar observations of gravity wave activity in the upper stratosphere at Urbana, IL
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1838-1854
Abstract:During 13 nights of Rayleigh Lidar measurements at Urbana, IL in 1984-86, thirty-six quasi-monochromatic gravity waves were observed in the 35-50 km altitude region of the stratosphere.
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Record ID:41/131


Date:04/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Garrett, A.J., F.G. Smith, III
Title:Two-dimensional simulations of drainage winds and diffusion compared to observations
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 597-610
Abstract:A vertically integrated dynamical drainage flow model is developed from conservation equations for momentum and mass in a terrain-following coordinate system.
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Record ID:41/132


Date:02/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Garrett, A., F.G. Smith, III
Title:Average diurnal bheavior of surface winds during summer at sites in complex terrain
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 24, 174-183
Abstract:Mean diurnal wind distributions from five surface stations in the rugged Geysers area of northern California were examined to determine how they were affected by the terrain.
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Record ID:41/133


Date:05/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gerber, H. S. Chang, T. Holt
Title:Evolution of a marine boundary-layer jet
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1312-1326
Abstract:High-resolution profiles of temperature and wind-speed measurements were made with a tethered balloon in and above the marine boundary layer at San Nicholas Island during a period when the cloud-free
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Record ID:41/134


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gross, G., F. Wippermann
Title:Channeling and countercurrent in the Upper Rhine Valley: Numerical simulations
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 26, 1293-1304
Abstract:Both channeling and countercurrents are simulated numerically with the nonhydrostatic mesoscale model FITNAH.
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Record ID:41/135


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gutman, L.N., J.W. Melgargejo
Title:On the laws of geostrophic drag and heat transfer over a slightly inclinded terrain
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1714-1724
Abstract:Analytical solutions of a set of equations that couples the Ekman boundary layer and the Prandtl slope wind equations are presented for terrain inclinations with an upper limit of 0.2.
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Record ID:41/136


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Han, Y.J., K. Ueyoshi, J.W. Deardorff
Title:Numerical study of terrain-induced mesoscale motions in a mixed layer
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 2464-2476
Abstract:Numerical integrations using a potential entrophy conserving scheme are presented for the flow within a mixed layer over hilly terrain using the hydrstatic shallow-water equations with a quadratic drag law.
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Record ID:41/137


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hartmann, D., H.H. Hendon, R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Some implications of the mesoscale circulations in tropical cloud clusters for large-scale dynamics and climate
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 113-121
Abstract:Recent calculations suggest that mature cloud clusters produce a vertical distribution of diabatic heating with a sharp maximum near 400 mb and very weak heating below 600 mb.
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Record ID:41/138


Date:01/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hayashi, Y.Y., T. Nakazawa
Title:Evidence of the existence and eastward motion of super-clusters at the Equator
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 236-243
Abstract:A numerical experiment with an atmospheric general circulation model indicates that moist convection in the equatorial region is spontaneously organized into a form of ``supercluster' which is an area of
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Record ID:41/139


Date:01/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Heimbach, J.A., Jr., T.M. Engel
Title:The use of the limited surface networks to measure mesoscale phenomena
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 118-129
Abstract:Large mesonetworks have successfully demonstrated coupling of surface meteorological phenomena to convective activity.
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Record ID:41/140


Date:09/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.R., H.D. Orville, R.D. Roberts, J.P. Chen, F.J. Kopp
Title:Observational and numerical study of a microburst line-producing storm
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2731-2743
Abstract:An analysis is performed on a microburst line-producing cloud that occurred near Denver, Colorado on 13 July 1982
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Record ID:41/141


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.
Title:Numerical study of the influence of environmental conditions on lake-effect snowstorms over Lake Michigan
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 138-150
Abstract:Numericl simulations are used to examine the influence of environmental parameters on the morphology of lake effect snowstorm sove Lake Michigan.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/142


Date:07/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., D.D. Churchill
Title:Mesoscale organization and cloud micorphysics in a Bay of Bengal depressions
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1845-1867
Abstract:Airborne radar and cloud microphysical data were obtained throughout a monsoon depression observed over the Bay of Bengal on 3-8 July 1979 during the summer monsoon experiment of the
Location:16
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Record ID:41/143


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Mr., S.G. Geotis, F.D. Marks, Jr., A.K. West
Title:Winter monsoon convection in the vicinity of North Borneo. Part I: Structure and time variation of the clouds and precipitation
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1595-1614
Abstract:Radar and satellite observations in the vicinity of northern Borneo obtained during the International Winter Monsoon Experiment
Location:11
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Record ID:41/144


Date:03/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., S.A. Rutledge, T.J. Matejka, P.V. Hobbs
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. III: Air motions and precipitation growth in a warm-frontal rainband
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 638-649
Abstract:Doppler radar data and airborne cloud microphysical measurements obtained in the CYCLES PROJECT indicate that a warm-frontal
Location:10
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Record ID:41/145


Date:03/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Mr., B.F. Smull, P. Dodge
Title:Mesoscale organization of springtime rainstorms in Oklahoma
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev, 118, 613-654
Abstract:Radar reflectivity and raingage data obtained during six springtimes indicates the types of mesoscale organization that occur
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Record ID:41/146


Date:09/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Howells, P.A.C., Y.H. Kuo
Title:A numerical study of the mesoscale environment of a southerly buster event
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1771-1788
Abstract:A numerical case study of a Southerly Buster event that occurred on 1 Dec 1982 during the Southerly Buster Observational Program (SUBOP) is presented.
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Record ID:41/147


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kozo, T.L.
Title:An observational study of sea breezes along the Alaskan Beaufort Sea Coast: Part I.
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 891-905
Abstract:Though sea breezes are not often associated with the Arctic, atmospheric environmental data collected in August 1976, 1977 and 1979 along the Beaufort Sea Coast of Alaska offer both circumstantial and direct
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Record ID:41/148


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kozo, T.L.
Title:A mathematical model of sea breezes along the Alaskan Beaufort Sea Coast: Part II
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 906-924
Abstract:A nonlinear, time-dependent, two-dimensional sea breeze model allowing imposition of prevaling large-scale wind conditions has been developed.
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Record ID:41/149


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuo, Y.H., L. Cheng, J.W. Bao
Title:Numerical simulation of the 1981 Sichuan Flood. Part I: Evolution of a mesoscale southwest vortex.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2481-2504
Abstract:During the period 11-15 July 1981, heavy rainfall occurred over the Sichuan Basin in China, resulting in severe floods that took a large toll in human lift and property damage.
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Record ID:41/150


Date:11/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kurihara, Y., M.A. Bender
Title:Use of a movable nested-mesh model for tracking a small vortex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1792-1809
Abstract:The mesh nesting strategy proposed by Kurihara et al. (1979) was used to construct a movable, nested-mesh, 11-level primitive
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Record ID:41/151


Date:03/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kurihara, Y., G.J. Tripoli, M.A. Bender
Title:Design of a movable nested-mesh primitive equation model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 239-249
Abstract:A numerical scheme to construct a two-way movable, nested-mesh primitive equation model is proposed.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/152


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lemaitre, Y., G. Brovelli
Title:Role of a low level jet in triggering and organizing moist convection in a baroclinic atmosphere. A case study: 18 May 1984
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 82-100
Abstract:This paper presents the kinematical and thermodynamic structure of a vigorously precipitating convective line associated with a low level jet (LLJ)
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Record ID:41/153


Date:06/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ley, B.E., W.R. Peltier
Title:Propagating mesoscale cloud bands
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1206-1219
Abstract:Banded cloud patterns are an often observed mesoscale phenomenon which may be produced under a variety of physical conditions
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Record ID:41/154


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lilly, D.K., T. Gal-Chen
Title:Dryline mixing create buoyancy?
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1170-1171
Abstract:Thermodynamic analysis indicates, in contradiction to an earlier hypothesis, that a mixture of warm, dry ari and cool, moist air on opposite sides of a dryline
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Record ID:41/155


Date:01/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, Y.L., R.C. Goff
Title:A study of a mesoscale solitary wave in the atmospheric originating near a region of deep convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 194-205
Abstract:An analysis of a mesoscale wave which occurred over the eastern U.S. on 6 March 1969 is presented.
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Record ID:41/156


Date:10/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, Y.L., S. Li
Title:Three-dimensional response of a shear flow to elevated heating
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2987-3002
Abstract:The three-dimnsional response of a shear flow to elevated heating is investigated using linear theory.
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Record ID:41/157


Date:12/15/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lim, H., T.K. Lim, C.P. Chang
Title:Reexamination of wave-CISK Theory: Existence and properties of nonlinear wave-CISK modes
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 3078-3091
Abstract:Linear analyses of wave-CISK models often lead to the conclusion that the mechanism does not explain the scale selection of
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Record ID:41/158


Date:09/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lipps, F.B., R.S. Hemler
Title:Numerical modeling of a midlatitude squall line: Features of the convection and vertical momentum flux
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 1909-1929
Abstract:A 4-h simulation is carried out for the 22 May 1976 squall line that passed through the mesonetwork of the National Severe
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Record ID:41/159


Date:10/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Locatelli, J.D., P.V. Hobbs, J.A. Werth
Title:Mesoscale structures of vortices in polar air streams
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1417-1433
Abstract:Three vortices in a polar air stream are anlayzed using detailed mesoscale observations and convetional synoptic data.
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Record ID:41/160


Date:01/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Luo, Z., D.C. Fritts
Title:Gravity-wave excitation by geostrophic adjustment of the jet stream. Part II: Three-dimensional forcing
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 104-115
Abstract:A previous study of internal-gravity wave motions radiating from a two-dimensional agoestrophic Gaussian jet is extended here
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Record ID:41/161


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lyons, S.
Title:Development of mesoscale vortices along a subtropical frontal remnant
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 485-488
Abstract:A fascinating example of mesoscale vortex development occurred along the subtropical NE Pacific on 10 and 11 February 1987.
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Record ID:41/162


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Macklin, S.A., N.A. Bond, J.P. Walker
Title:Structure of a low-level jet over Lower Cook Inlet, Alaska
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2568-2578
Abstract:During February 1982-NOAA research aircraft investigated a cold, low-level jet blowing from a gap between mountain ranges on
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Record ID:41/163


Date:11/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahfouf, J.F., E. Richard, P. Mascart
Title:The influence of soil and vegetation on the development of mesoscale circulations
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 26, 1483-1495
Abstract:A two-dimensional mesoscale model including a detailed representation of the planetary boundary layer the soil and the vegetation is developed
Location:18
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Record ID:41/164


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Marroquin, A., D.J. Raymond
Title:A linearized convective overturning model for prediction of thunderstorm movement
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 146-151
Abstract:A linearized model of convective overturning is presented.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/165


Date:06/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Martin, C.L., R.A. Pielke
Title:The adequacy of the hydrostatic assumption in sea breeze modeling over flat terrain
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 1472-1481
Abstract:Using a linear analytic model and a nonlinear numerical model, the adquacy of the hydrostatic model is investigated for use in the simulation of sea and land breezes over flat terrain.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/166


Date:07/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Masmoudi, M., A. Weill
Title:Atmospheric mesoscale spectra and structure functions of mean horizontal velocity fluctuations measured with a Doppler sodar network
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 27, 864-873
Abstract:Analyses of mean horizontal wind speed from four Doppler sodars separated by 15 to 38 km in the Gers regions during the Meogers 84 experiment gave information on the horizontal wind speed spectral behavior
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Record ID:41/167


Date:11/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mass, C.F., M.D. Albright
Title:Reply to Dorman
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2407-2410
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/168


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mass, C.F., G.K. Ferber
Title:Surface pressure perturbations produced by an isolated mesoscale topographic barrier. Part I: General characteristics and dynamics
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2579-2596
Abstract:This paper presents and analyzes the results of the Olympex Field Experiment, during which the operational observational network around the Olympic Mountains of Washington State was enhanced with eleven
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Record ID:41/169


Date:07/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Matthews, D.A., B.A. Silverman
Title:Sensitivity of convective cloud growth to mesoscale lifting: A numerical analysis of mesoscale convective triggering
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1056-1064
Abstract:Numerical model simulation of mesoscale lifting of the convective environment indicates that the ability of the environment to develop deep moist convection increases as mesoscale lifting increases.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/170


Date:07/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McBride, J.L., K.L. McInnes
Title:Australian southerly busters. Part II: The dynamical structure of the orographically modified front
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1921-1935
Abstract:A methodology is present for comparing nonlinear 3D model output to the physical principles embodies in idealized and analytical models, through the transformation of wind components
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Record ID:41/171


Date:03/011982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McCarthy, J., S.E. Koch
Title:The evolution of an Oklahome dryline. Part I: A meso- and subsynoptic scale analysis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 225-236
Abstract:A study is made of the 8 June 1974 Oklahome dryline and tornado outbreak case, using data synthesis 1) to fit existing concepts on dryline structure and behavior to this case, and 2) to identify processes
Location:10
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Record ID:41/172


Date:09/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McCorcle, M.D.
Title:Simulation of surface-moisture effects on the Great Plains low-level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1705-1720
Abstract:Convective precipitation and severe weather episodes in the central United States commonly have diurnal oscillations with
Location:19
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Record ID:41/173


Date:01/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McGregor, J.L., F. Kimura
Title:Numerical simulation of mesoscale eddies over Melbourne
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 50-66
Abstract:A mesoscale wind field model is used to simulate a cyclonic nocturnal eddy which may form over Melbourne under stable conditions with light synoptic winds
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Record ID:41/174


Date:07/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McInnes, K.L., J.L. McBride
Title:Australian southerly busters, Part I: Analysis of a numerically simulated case study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1904-1920
Abstract:A diagnostic study of the Australian southerly buster is performed using a numerical weather prediction model
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Record ID:41/175


Date:12/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McInnes, K.L.
Title:Australian southerly busters. Part III: The physical mechanism and synoptic conditions contributing to development
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 3261-3281
Abstract:The physical mechanism responsible for the formation of the southerly buster is investigated using simulations from a version of the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's numerical weather prediction model
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Record ID:41/176


Date:00/00/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McNider, R., R. Pielke
Title:Numerical simulation of slope and mountain flows
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 23, 1441-1453
Abstract:Early descriptive models of mountain-valley circulations indicated that the mountain flow (i.e., the along-valley axis component out of the valley) is a true three-dimensional phenomenon.
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Record ID:41/177


Date:07/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mills, G.A.
Title:Dynamics of rapid cloud band development over southeastern Australia
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 1402-1422
Abstract:On the night of 27-28 August 1985, a cloud band associated with a cold front dramatically broadened over southeastern Australia, leading to unforecast rain and overforecast daytime temperatures
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Record ID:41/178


Date:07/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Moore, G.W.K.
Title:A comparison of hydrostatic and nonhydrostatic wave-CISK
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1510-1520
Abstract:Most conventional wave-CISK models have been used in the study of circulations with aspect rations less than one, and as a result have been hydrostatic.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/179


Date:09/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Colle, B.A., C.F. Mass
Title:The structure and evolution of cold surgres east of the Rocky Mountains
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 2577-2610
Abstract:Northerly surges of cold air often move southward along the eastern side of the Rockies from southern Canada into Mexico.
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Record ID:41/180


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Moore, J.T., W.A. Abeling
Title:A diagnosis of unbalanced flow in upper levels during that AVE/SESAME I period
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2425-2436
Abstract:Terms of the balance equation were calculated at 300 mb to diagnose unbalnced flow in the upper troposphere both prior to and during a period of strong convection which took place during the AVE-SESAME I
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Record ID:41/181


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mudrick, S.E.
Title:Numerical simulation of polar lows and comma clouds using simple dry models
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2890-2903
Abstract:Linear and nonlinear numerical channels models are used to simulate polar low/comma cloud evolution.
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Record ID:41/182


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mullen, S.L.
Title:Cyclone development in polar air streams over the wintertime continent
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1664-1676
Abstract:A polar air stream cyclogenesis over the wintertime North American continent is documented.
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Record ID:41/183


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Murakami, M.
Title:Reply to Comments on Large scale aspects of deep convective activity over the GATE area
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1269
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/184


Date:04/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Myrup, L.O., D.L. Morgan, R. Boomer
Title:An anlysis of mesoscale transport phenomena during the evening transition period near Sacrameto, CA
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 25, 405-417
Abstract:An anlytical study of transport phenomena duirng the evening transition period in the vicinity of Sacrameto, CA is presented.
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Record ID:41/185


Date:06/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nagata, M., Y. Ogura
Title:A modeling case study of interaction between heavy precipitation and a low-level jet over Japan in the Baiu Season
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 199, 1309-1336
Abstract:This paper presents results of simulations for a case of heavy precipitation that occurred on 23 July 1982 over western Japan.
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Record ID:41/186


Date:10/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nastrom, G.D., D.C. Fritts, K.S. Gage
Title:An investigation of terrain effects on the mesoscale spectrum of atmospheric motions
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3087-3096
Abstract:Wind and temperature data collected on commercial aircraft during the GASP are used to investigate the effects of underlying terrain on mesoscale variability
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Record ID:41/187


Date:01/15/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nastrom, G.d., D.C. Fritts
Title:Sources of mesoscale variability of gravity waves. Part I: Topographic excitation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 101-110
Abstract:Aircraft measurements of winds and temperatures collected during the GASP program are used to study the effects of topography
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Record ID:41/188


Date:08/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Noonan, J.A., R.K. Smith
Title:Sea-breeze circulations over Cape York Peninsula and the generation of Gulf of Carpentaria cloud line disturbances
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 1679-1693.
Abstract:A numerical study of sea-breeze circulations over Cape York Peninsula in northern Australia is presented.
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Record ID:41/189


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(23) Cumulus Parameterization
Author:Ogura, Y., Y.Y. Jiang
Title:A modeling study of heating and drying effects of convective clouds in an extratropical mesoscale convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2478-2492
Abstract:The two-dimensional version of the cumulus ensemble model developed by Soong and Ogura is applied both to a prestorm simulation and to the mature stage of
Location:14
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Record ID:41/190


Date:00/00/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ohara, T. S. Wakamata
Title:Observed structure of a land breeze head in the Tokyo metropolitan area
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 28, 693-704
Abstract:The penetratio of a land breeze front and its turbulence structure was observed at the center of the Tokyo metropolitan area
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Record ID:41/191


Date:08/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parish. T.R.
Title:On the role of Antarctic Katabatic winds in forcing large-scale tropospheric motions
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1374-1385
Abstract:Katabatic winds are a dominant feature of the lower atmospheric over Antarctica
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Record ID:41/192


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parish, T.R., A.R. Rodi, R.D. Clark
Title:A cse study of the summertime Great Plains low level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 94-105
Abstract:A case study of the kinematical and dynamical evolution of the summertime Great Plains low level jet is presented.
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Record ID:41/193


Date:08/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Park, S.U., D.N. Sikdar
Title:Evolution of the dynamics and thermodynamics of a mesoscale convective system: A case study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 39, 1024-1040
Abstract:A well-organized severe storm complex on 30 May 1976 developed in the southeastern part of the meso-network of the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) in central OK and merged, in its mature stage,
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Record ID:41/194


Date:05/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parsons, D.B., M.A.Shapiro, R.M. Hardesty, R.J. Zamora, J.M. Intrieri
Title:The finescale structure of a West Dallas dryline
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 1242-1258
Abstract:During spring and early summer, a surface confluence zone, often referred to as the dryline
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Record ID:41/195


Date:04/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Passarelli, R.E., Jr., R.R. Braham, Jr.
Title:The role of the winter land breeze in the formation of Great Lake snow storms
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 62, 483-491
Abstract:Radar and aircraft data are presented, in the form of case studies, for three shoreline-parallel snow bands that occurred over Lake Michigan
Location:12
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Record ID:41/196


Date:06/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pease, S.R., W.A. Lyons, C.S. keen, M. Hjelmfelt
Title:Mesoscale spiral vortex embedded within a Lake Michigan snow squall band: High resolution satellite observations and numerical model simulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1374-1380
Abstract:It is known that Great Lakes snow squall convection occurs in a variety of different modes depending on various factors such as air-water temperature contrast
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Record ID:41/197


Date:04/15/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pfister, L., S. Scott, M. Loewenstein, S. Bowen, M. Legg
Title:Mesoscale disturbances in the tropical stratosphere excited by convection: Observations and effects on teh stratospheric momentum budget.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1058-1075
Abstract:The importance of the momentum flux of tropographically generated mesoscale gravity waves to the extratropical middle atmospherphere circulation has been well-established for over a decade.
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Record ID:41/198


Date:04/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Physick, W.L., D.J. Abbs
Title:Modeling of summertime flow and dispersion in the coastal terrain of southeastern Australia
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 1014-1030
Abstract:The Latrobe Valley is situated in a coastal region of complex terrain in southeastern Australia.
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Record ID:41/199


Date:04/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(9) Atmospheric Measurement
Author:Physick, W.L., N.J. Tapper
Title:A numerical study of circulations induced by a dry salt lake
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 1029-1042
Abstract:Observations of surface winds in the vicinity of a moderate-size (about 70 km^2) dry salt lake by Tapper suggest that differences in albedo and soil thermal properties between the salt and surrounding
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Record ID:41/200


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., C.L. Martin
Title:The derivation of a terrain-following coordinate system for use in a hydrostatic model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1707-1713
Abstract:This article uses tensor transformation procedures in order to derive a terrain-following coordinate system that is frequently used in a number of regional and mesoscale hydrostatic models.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/201


Date:12/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., C.L. Martin
Title:Reply to Wong and Hage
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2879-2880
Abstract:None
Location:12
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Record ID:41/202


Date:06/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., M. Segal, R.T. McNider, Y. Mahrer
Title:Derivation of slope flow equations using two different coordinate respresentations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1102-1106
Abstract:This paper examines two coordinate representations for slope flow models, one a rotataion of the coordinate axes, the other a generalized vertical coordinate transformation.
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Record ID:41/203


Date:04/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pierrehumbert, R.T.
Title:Linear results on the barrier effects of mesoscale mountains
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1356-1367
Abstract:We examine the factors determining whether a mountain acts as a strong barrier to an impinging flow.
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Record ID:41/204


Date:05/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pierrehumbert, R.T., B. Wyman
Title:Upstream effects of mesoscale mountains
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 977-1003
Abstract:The Alpine Experiment (ALPEX) has revealed that low-level air is typically diverted around the Alps without reaching the mountaintop.
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Record ID:41/205


Date:09/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pinty, J.P., P. Mascart, E. Richard, R. Rosset
Title:An investigation of mesoscale flows induced by vegetation inhomogeneities using an evapotranspiration model calibrated against HAPEX-MOBILHY data
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 28, 976-992
Abstract:Many recent studies have suggested that heterogeneities in soil properties or vegetation characteristics may trigger mesoscale circulations in
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Record ID:41/206


Date:01/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pointin, Y.
Title:Numerical simulation of organized convection. Part I: Model description and preliminary comparisons with squall line observations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 155-172
Abstract:A numerical model designed for the simulations of mesoscale flows perturbed by deep convective clouds is discussed
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Record ID:41/207


Date:07/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Polvani, L.M., J. Pedlosky
Title:The effect of dissipation on spatially growing nonlinear baroclinic waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1977-1989
Abstract:The question of convective (i.e., spatial) instability of baroclinic waves on an f-plane is studied in the context of the two-layer model.
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Record ID:41/208


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Porch, W.M.
Title:Implication of spatial averaging in complex-terrain wind studies
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 1258-1265
Abstract:Studies of wind over complex terrain have been conducted at three times and two locations in Northern California
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Record ID:41/209


Date:08/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Powers, J.G., R.J. Reed
Title:Numerical simulation of the large-amplitude mesoscale gravity-wave event of 15 Dec 1987 in the central United States
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 2285-2308
Abstract:An observational study, employing spectral methods, is first made to establish a background for a modeling effort of the mesoscale gravity-wave event of 15 Dec 1987
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Record ID:41/210


Date:10/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ralph, R.M., M. Crochet, S.V. Venkateswaran
Title:Observations of at mesoscale ducted gravity wave
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 3277-3291
Abstract:This paper reports coordinated observations of a mesoscale gravity wve made during the FRONTS 84 field experiment conducted in
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Record ID:41/211


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rasmussen, E.
Title:An investigation of a polar low with a spiral cloud structure
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1785-1792
Abstract:A synoptic case study where a small-scale low, a so-called polar low, can be followed as a closed circulation on the surface maps
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Record ID:41/212


Date:06/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rasmussen, R.M., P.K., Smolarkiewicz
Title:On the dynamics of Hawaiian cloud bands. Part III: Local aspects
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1650-1572
Abstract:This paper extends our earlier discussion of the folow past the ilsand of Hawaii and the accompanying cloud band to smaller-scale effects occurring on the scale of the Hilo Bay region.
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Record ID:41/213


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ray, P.S., B.C. Johnson, K.W. Johnson, J.S. Bradberry, J.J. Stephens, K.K. Wagner, R.B. Wilhelmson, J.B. Klemp
Title:The morphology of several tornadic storms on 20 May 1977
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1643-1663
Abstract:Sixteen tornadic storms occurred in the afternoon and evening hours of 20 May 1977 and the early morning hours of 21 May 1977
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Record ID:41/214


Date:07/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ray, P.S., D.P. Jorgensen, S.L. Wang
Title:Airborner Doppler radar observations of a convective storm
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 24, 687-698
Abstract:Airborne Doppler radar can collect data on target storms that are quite widely dispersed.
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Record ID:41/215


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:Wave-CISK in mass flux form
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2561-2572
Abstract:A reformulation of wave-CISK shows that gravity waves generated by the divergence of cumulus mass fluxes are responsible for the forcing of further convection.
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Record ID:41/216


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:A forced gravity wave model of self-organizing convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3528-3543
Abstract:A two-dimensional, hydrostatic, nonrotating numerical model with a cumulus parameterization is developed to study the early stages of mesoscale convective systems.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/217


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, W.H., R.B. Stull
Title:Application of transilient turbulence theory to mesoscale numerical weather forecasting
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2471-2499
Abstract:In this study we show that a unified turbulence parameterization, when divorced from the smoothing procedures needed for numerical stability of the host model, can be implemented in a numerical weather
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Record ID:41/218


Date:11/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reed, R.J.
Title:A case study of a borad-like windstorm in western Washington
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 2383-2393
Abstract:This paper examines the meteorological conditions and physical processes associated with the development of strong downslope
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Record ID:41/219


Date:11/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reed, R.J.
Title:Comments on An Arctic hurricane over the Bering Sea
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2713
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/220


Date:02/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reuter, G.W., M.K. Yau
Title:Observations of slantwise convective instability in winter cyclones
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 447-458
Abstract:Seven precipitation bands observed during the Canadian Atlantic Storms Program (CASP) are studied to assess the importance
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Record ID:41/221


Date:06/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Richard, E., N. Chaumerliac, J.F. Mahfouf, E.C. Nickerson
Title:Numerical simulation of orographic enhacement of rain with a mesoscale model
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 26, 661-669
Abstract:Orographic precipitation enhancement associated with the feeder-seeder mechanism proposed by Bergeron has been simulated using
Location:21
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Record ID:41/222


Date:02/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Riordan, A
Title:Examination of the mesoscale features of the GALE coastal front of 24-25 January 1986
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 258-282
Abstract:The early evolution of a costal front that formed off the southeast coast of the United States on 24 January 1986 is examined.
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Record ID:41/223


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ross, B.B.
Title:The role of low-level convergence and latent heating in a simulation of observed squall line formation
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2298-2321
Abstract:The effect of mesoscle forcing and diabatic heating on the development of convective system have been investigated using a
Location:19
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Record ID:41/224


Date:11/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Saarikivi, P.
Title:Characteristics of mesoscale precipitation bands in southern Finland
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 2584-2593
Abstract:A large amount of observational material, consisting of more than 300 hours of radar measurements from about 150 cyclones
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Record ID:41/225


Date:05/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sanders, F., L.F. Bosart
Title:Mesoscale structure in the megalopolitan snowstorm of 11-12 February 1983. Part I: Frontogenetical forcing and symmetric instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1050-1061
Abstract:A cyclone moving northeastward off the coast of the northeastern United States on 11-12 February 1983 was accompanied by a
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Record ID:41/226


Date:07/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sanders, F., L.F. Bosart
Title:Mesoscale structure in the megalopolitan sownstorm, 11-12 February 1983. Part II: Doppler radar study of the New England snowband
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1398-1407
Abstract:A major snowstorm in eastern Massachusetts, 11-12 February 1983, was associated with a persistent mesoscale band of high reflectivity obseved at MIT
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Record ID:41/227


Date:04/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sardie, J.M., T.T. Warner
Title:On the mechanism for the development of polar lows
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 869-881
Abstract:To evaluate the relative importance of different mechanisms responsible for the formation of polar lows, we have developed
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Record ID:41/228


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Savage, M.L., G.A. Weidner, C.R. Stearns
Title:A diagnostic study of the influence of a gravity wave upon regional weather
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 347-357
Abstract:On 20 May 1977 a periodic pressure distrubance over the upper Midwest was detected by synoptic and mesoscle microbarograph arrays
Location:17
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Record ID:41/229


Date:03/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Savijarvi, H.
Title:The United States Great Plains diurnal ABL variation and the nocturnal low-level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 833-840
Abstract:Observations made from an Oklahoma City TV tower are first used to test the one- and two-dimensional versions of a numerical model.
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Record ID:41/230


Date:03/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schoeberl, M.R.
Title:A model of stationary gravity wave breakdown with convective adjustment
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 980-992
Abstract:A steady WKB model of gravity wave propagation including convective adjustment is used to investigate approximations used in various gravity-wave parameterization schemes.
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Record ID:41/231


Date:12/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schreiber-Abshire, W., A.R. Rodi
Title:Mesoscale convergence zone development in northeastern Colorado under southwest flow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 2956-2977
Abstract:In July 1987 during the CINDE project three similar mesoscale planetary boundary layer convergence zones were observed to form in north-eastern Colorado near Denver under synoptic-scale southwesterly flow.
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Record ID:41/232


Date:00/00/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sechrist, F.S., T.M. Whittaker
Title:Evidence of jet streak vertical circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1014-1021
Abstract:A Man Computer Interactive Data Access System (McIDAS) has been used to great advantage in the monitoring and processing of weather data on a realtime basis.
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Record ID:41/233


Date:08/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(74) Land Surface - Soil/Vegetation/Snow
Author:Segal, M., R. Avissar, M.C. McCumber, R.A. Pielke
Title:Evaluation of vegetation effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2268-2292
Abstract:The purpose of the present study is to evaluate (i) the effect of vegetated surfaces on modifying sea breeze and daytime thermally induced upslope flows;
Location:19
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Record ID:41/234


Date:02/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., J.H. Cramer, R.A. Pielke, J.R. Garratt, P. Hildebrand
Title:Observational evaluation of the snow breeze
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 412-424
Abstract:An observational evluation of the daytime thermally induced flow between the snow and snow-free areas (termed snow breeze) has been carried out.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/235


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke
Title:Application of a numerical mesoscale model to the evaluation of seasonal persistent regional climatological patterns
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 1754-1762
Abstract:A three-dimensional numerical mesoscale model has been applied over the irregular terrain of northern Israel in order to simulate the local surface climate pattern associated with typical July stagnate
Location:12
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Record ID:41/236


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., Y. Ookouchi, R.A. Pielke
Title:On the effect of steep slope orientation on the intensity of daytime upslope flow
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3587-3592
Abstract:Steep north and south facing slopes may differ significantly in the amount of solar radiation received on their surfaces and consequently also in the related daytime induced thermal flows
Location:18
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Record ID:41/237


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Seitter, K.L., H.L. Kuo
Title:Reply
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 214-215
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/238


Date:06/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Seman, C.J.
Title:A numerical study of nonlinear nonhydrostatic conditional symmetric instability in a convectively unstable atmosphere
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 1352-1371
Abstract:Nonlinear nonhydrostatic conditional symmetric instability (CSI) is studied as an initial value problem using a two-dimensional (y,z) nonlinear, nonhydrostatic numerical mesoscale/cloud model.
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Record ID:41/239


Date:04/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sha, W., T. Kawamura, H. Ueda
Title:A numerical study of nocturnal sea breezes: Prefrontal gravity waves in the compensating flow and inland penetration of the sea-breeze cutoff vortex
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 1076-1088
Abstract:It is demonstrated in this numerical study that prefrontal perturbations may be triggered by a penetrating sea-breeze head into an existing nocturnal temperature inversion.
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Record ID:41/240


Date:08/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Shreffler, J.H., F.S. Binkowski
Title:Observations of pressure jump lines in the midwest, 10-12 August 1976
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1713-1725
Abstract:Strong thunderstorm activity over Iowa on two successive afternoons bas the apparent source of pressure-jump lines (PJL's) which moved SSE at 50 km h^-1 through the nocturnal boundary layer and were
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Record ID:41/241


Date:00/00/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sivakumaran, N.S., R.F. Dressler
Title:Unsteady density current equations for highly curved terrain
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3192-3201
Abstract:New nonlinear partial differential equations containing terrain curvature and its rate of change are derived that describe the flow on an atmospheric density current.
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Record ID:41/242


Date:03/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Skibin, D., A. Hod
Title:Subjective analysis of mesoscale flow patterns in northern Israel
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 18, 329-338
Abstract:The average flow over northern Israel in July has been analyzed.
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Record ID:41/243


Date:12/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Smith, R.B.
Title:Notes and Correspondence
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 2345-2346
Abstract:Brian Fiedler is quite right to call attenstion to the role of the upper-boundary condition on my results (Smith, 1991) for
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Record ID:41/244


Date:05/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Smith, R.K., R.N. Ridley, M.A. Page, J.T. Steiner, A.P. Sturman
Title:Southerly changes on the east coast of New Zealand
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 1259-1282
Abstract:A combined observational and climatological study of orographically influenced cold fronts over New Zealand, known locally as ``southerly changes,' is presented.
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Record ID:41/245


Date:12/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Snieder, F.K., S.B. Fels
Title:The flywheel effect in the middle atmosphere
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 3996-4004
Abstract:Because of the requirement of geostrophic balance, mechanical inertia can affect the thermal response of the atmosphere
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Record ID:41/246


Date:04/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Soman, M.K., K.K. Kumar
Title:Evolution of environmental conditions preceding the development of a nocturnal mesoscale convective complex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1078-1098
Abstract:A large nocturnal mesoscale convective complex (MCC) developed on 4 June 1985 during the OK-KS Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central (PRE-STORM) field phase.
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Record ID:41/247


Date:10/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Song, J.L., R.A. Pielke, M. Segal, R.W. Arritt, R.C. Kessler
Title:A method to determine nonhydrostatic effects within subdomains in a mesoscale model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2110-2120
Abstract:The exact solution of the nonydrostatic pressure residual (total pressure perturbation minus hydrostatic pressure perturbation) in Defant's linear model is derived.
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Record ID:41/248


Date:02/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Srivastava, R.C., T.J. Matejka, T.J. Lorello
Title:Doppler radar study of the trailing anvil region associated with a squall line
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 356-377
Abstract:The kinematic structure and reflectivity distribution within a region of widespread precipitation associated with a summertime midlatitude (illinois) squall line, as revealed by an analysis of Doppler
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Record ID:41/249


Date:12/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Starr, D.O.C., C. L. Korb, G.K. Schwemmer, C.Y. Weng
Title:Observations of height-dependent pressure-perturbation structure of a strong mesoscale gravity wave
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 2808-2820
Abstract:Airborne observations using a downward-looking, dual frequency, near-infrared, differential absorption lider (DIAL) system
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Record ID:41/250


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stearns, L.P.
Title:Aspects of the local circulations at the Grand Canyon during the fall season
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 26, 1392-1400
Abstract:The atmosphere and circulation of air within above, and around the Grand Canyon of the Colorado River was studied from an instrumented aircraft and from ground-based instruments in Sep. and Oct. 1984.
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Record ID:41/251


Date:12/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Steyn, D.G., K.W. Ayotte
Title:Application of two-dimensional terrain height spectra to mesoscale modeling
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2884-2887
Abstract:A caution is offered with regard to the use of one-dimensional terrain spectra to indicate the grid resolution needed to resolve terrain forcing in mesoscale numerical modeling exercizes.
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Record ID:41/252


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Steyn, D.G., I.G. McKendry
Title:Quantitative and qualitative evaluation of a three-dimensional mesoscale numerical model simulation of a sea breeze in complex terrain
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1914-1926
Abstract:This study presents an evaluation of the performance of the Colorado State University (CSU) three-dimensional numerical mesoscale model.
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Record ID:41/253


Date:02/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stirling, J., R.M. Wakimoto
Title:Mesoscale vortices in the stratiform region of a decaying midlatitude squall line
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 452-458
Abstract:A case study of two mesoscale vortices within the stratiform region of a decaying squall line is presented
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Record ID:41/254


Date:05/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y.
Title:Mesoscale convection along the dryline
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1394-1403
Abstract:A linearized two-dimensional model was used to study the formation of convective rolls in the prestorm stage and organized squall lines near
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Record ID:41/255


Date:11/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., J.D. Chern, C.C. Wu, W.R. Hsu
Title:Numerical simulation of mesoscale circulation in taiwan and surrounding area
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 2558-2573
Abstract:Mesoscale circulation around taiwan and the surrounding area has been investigated using the Purdue Mesoscale Model.
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Record ID:41/256


Date:00/00/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., Y. Ogura
Title:Boundary-layer forcing as a possible trigger to a squall-line formation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 235-254
Abstract:The study of the life history of the 8 June 1966 sqall line by Ogura and Chen (1977) indicates that a well-defined narrow band of horizontal convergence was present at low levels prior to the appearance of
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Record ID:41/257


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., I. Orlanski
Title:Large mesoscale convection and sea breeze circulation. Part II: Nonlinear numerical model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1694-1706
Abstract:The nonlinear equations are applied to study the interaction between the sea breeze circulation and trapeze instability in low latitudes.
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Record ID:41/258


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., I. Orlanski
Title:Large mesoscale convection and sea breeze circulation. Part I: Linear stability analysis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1675-1693
Abstract:The ineractions between the sea breeze circulation and trapeze instability are investigated using a set of linearized equations
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Record ID:41/259


Date:09/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., C.C. Wu
Title:Formation and diurnal variation of the dryline
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1606-1619
Abstract:The formation and diurnal evolution of the dryline during fair weather have been investigated through the use of a two-dimensional mesoscale model that includes condensation/evaporation, budget equations
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Record ID:41/260


Date:01/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Szoke, E.J., E.J. Zipser, D.P. Jorgensen
Title:A radar study of convective cells in mesoscale systems in GATE. Part I: Vertical profile statistics and comparison with hurricanes
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 182-197
Abstract:This is Part I of a two-part paper describing the structure of the vertical profile of radar reflectivity in conective cells which are part of mesoscale convective sytems in GATE.
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Record ID:41/261


Date:06/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Szeto, K.K., C.A. Lin, R.E. Stewart
Title:Mesoscale circulations forced by melting snow. Part I: Basic simulations and dynamics
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 1629-1641
Abstract:The melting of snow extracts latent heat of fusion from the environment.
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Record ID:41/262


Date:06/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Szeto, K.K., R.E. Stwart, C.A. Lin
Title:Mesoscale circulations forced by melting snow. Part II: Application to meteorological features
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1642-1650
Abstract:Various authors have proposed that the cooling associated with melting precipitation contributes significantly to the dynamics of mesoscale precipitaiton systems.
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Record ID:41/263


Date:05/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Szoke, E.J.
Title:Eye of the Denver cyclone
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 1283-1292
Abstract:Observtion of an overcast of low cloudiness of a Denver cyclone day revealed a circular area of clearing or ``eye' at the approximate center of the mesoscale circulation.
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Record ID:41/264


Date:01/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Szoke, E.J., E.J. Zipser
Title:A radar study of convective cells in mesoscale systems in GATE. Part II: Life cycles of convective cells
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 199-218
Abstract:This is Part II of a two-part paper describing the vertical profile of radar reflectivity in GATE convective cells.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/265


Date:11/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tao, W.K., S.T. Soong
Title:A study of the repsonse of deep tropical clouds to mesoscale processes: Three-dimensional numerical experiment
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 2653-2676
Abstract:A three-dimensional numerical cloud ensemble model has been developed to investigate the collective feedback effects of cloud systems on the large-scale environment.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/266


Date:04/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tapper, N.J., P.D. Tyson, I.F. Owens, W.J. Hastie
Title:Modeling the winter urban heat island over Christchurch, New Zealand
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 365-376
Abstract:An energy balance model is presented and tested against surface temperature fields observed over christchurch under clear winter conditions.
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Record ID:41/267


Date:05/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thorpe, A.J., R. Rotunno
Title:Nonlinear aspects of symmetric instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 1285-1299
Abstract:This paper addresses the question: What is the ultimate state of a region of the atmospheric which is initially unstable to two-dimensional symmetric distrubances?
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Record ID:41/268


Date:03/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Toledo Machado, L.A., M. Desbois, J.P. Duvel
Title:Structural characteristics of deep convective systems over tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 392-406
Abstract:The structural properties of convective cloud clusters of tropical Africa and the Atlantic Ocean are studied using six summer of Meteosat satellite data in the atmospheric infrared window.
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Record ID:41/269


Date:08/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Toth, J.T.
Title:Comment on ``Synoptic and mesoscale aspects of an Appalachian ice storm associated with cold-air damming
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1702
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/270


Date:06/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Uccellini, L.W., D.R. Johnson
Title:The coupling of upper and lower tropospheric jet streaks and implications for the development of severe convective storms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 682-703
Abstract:Transverse circulations in the exit and entrance regions of jet streaks are investigated through numerical simulation
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Record ID:41/271


Date:03/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Uccellini, L., D.R. Johnson, R.E. Schlensinger
Title:An isentropic and sigma coordinate hybrid numerical model: Model development and some initial tests
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 390-414
Abstract:Several recent efforts in the development of isentropic numerical models for atmospheric simulation have used sigma coordinates for prediction within the lower troposphere
Location:7
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Record ID:41/272


Date:10/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ulrickson, B.L., C.F. Mass
Title:Numerical investigation of mesoscale circulations over the Los Angeles Basin. Part I: A verification study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2138-2161
Abstract:This paper describes some improvements to the Colorado State University mesoscale model the the evaluation of the model's accurady in simulating airflows in the Los Angeles Basin.
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Record ID:41/273


Date:10/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ulrickson, B.L., C.F. Mass
Title:Numerical investigation of mesoscale circulation over the Los Angeles Basin. Part II: Synoptic influences and pollutant transport
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2162-2184
Abstract:This paper describes the influence of large-scale flows on mesoscale circulation and pollutant transport in the Los Angeles Basin.
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Record ID:41/274


Date:03/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Van Tuyl, A., R.M. Errico
Title:Scale interaction and predictability in a mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 495-517
Abstract:Scale interaction is examined in the limited area mesoscale model, with emphasis on the forcing of small scales by the samll ale fields themselves.
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Record ID:41/275


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Verlinde, J., W.R. Cotton
Title:A mesoscale vortex couplet observed in the trailing anvil of a multicellular convective complex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 993-1010
Abstract:Observations collected during the Oklahoma-Kansas PRE-STORM experiment are used to document the evolution and structure of a mesoscale vortex couplet that developed in the mesoscale convective system
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Record ID:41/276


Date:09/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Vescio, M.D., R.H. Johnson
Title:The surface-wind response to transient mesoscale pressure fields associated with squall lines
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 1209, 1837-13850
Abstract:The two most Prominent surface pressure features associated with squall lines are 1) a surface mesohigh, 2) a wake low, located at the back edge of the trailing area of light
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Record ID:41/277


Date:00/00/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wakimoto, R.M., N.T. Atkins
Title:Observations of the sea-breeze front duirng CaPE. Part I: Single-Doppler, satellite and cloud photogrammetry analysis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 1092-1114
Abstract:An anlaysis of two sea-breeze events on 6 August (an onshore flow event) and 12 August (an offshore flow event) 1991 is presented using single-Doppler observations, satellite images, and cloud pictures
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Record ID:41/278


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wakimoto, R.M., K.R. Durkee
Title:A case of two mesoscale eddies: An oceanic versus a continental comma cloud
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2202-2213
Abstract:A case study of two mesoscale eddies is documented. One of these eddies formed over land while the other formed over the ocean
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Record ID:41/279


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walterscheid, R.L., G. Schubert
Title:Nonlinear evolution of an upward propagating gravity wave: Overturning, convection, transience and turbulence
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 101-125
Abstract:A numericla simulation of the nonlinear evolution of a propagating gravity wave shows that overturning (the turning of isopotential temperature surfaces) is the mechanism responsible
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Record ID:41/280


Date:10/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walterscheid, R.L., W.K. Hocking
Title:Stokes diffusion by atmospheric internal gravity waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 2213-2230
Abstract:Owing to the stochastic action of Stokes drift induced by a spectrum of noninteracting gravity waves, a parcel of air subject to a spectrum of randomly superposed waves will be displaced,
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Record ID:41/281


Date:10/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, B.
Title:The development mechanism for Tibetan Plateau warm vortices
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 2978-2994
Abstract:The low-level cyclonic vortices which form over the Tibetan Plateau in the summer monsoon season are major rain-producing systems and have the potential to trigger cyclogensis on the lee side when they move
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Record ID:41/282


Date:07/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, G., I. Orlanski
Title:Study of a heavy rain vortex formed over the eastern flank of the Tibetan Plateau
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1370-1393
Abstract:A case of the heavy rain vortex which occurred during the period 14-15 July 1979 is studied using a limited-area mesoscale numerical model.
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Record ID:41/283


Date:08/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Wang, P.Y., P.V. Hobbs
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. X: Wavelike rainbands in an occlusion
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 1950-1964
Abstract:The dynamical and microphysical structure of trains of wavelike rainbands in an occlusion are described.
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Record ID:41/284


Date:03/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Wang, P.Y., D.B. Parsons, P.V. Hobbs
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. VI: Wavelike rainbands associated with a cold-frontal zone
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 543-558
Abstract:The cloud and precipitation structure and the airflow associated with wavelike rainbands in a cold-frontal zone have been investigated with Doppler radar, instrumented aircraft, rawinsondes and a network
Location:7
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Record ID:41/285


Date:12/15/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, S., B.A. Albrecht, P. Minnis
Title:A regional simulation of marine boundary-layer clouds
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 4022-4043
Abstract:A regional version of a two-layer model is used to simulated marine boundary-layer clouds over an area (20 deg to 42 deg N and 117 deg and 145 deg W) of the eastern North Pacific.
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Record ID:41/286


Date:10/15/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, T.C.C., Y.J. Lin, R.W. Pasken, H. Shen
Title:Characteristics of a subtropical squall line determined from TAMEX Dual-Doppler data. Part I: Kinematic structure
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 2357-2381
Abstract:In this study, structure features of a subtropical squall line that occurred on 17 May 1987 over the Taiwan Straits, were investigated using dual-doppler data collected during the Taiwant Area Mesoscale
Location:19
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Record ID:41/287


Date:12/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Warner, C., J. Simpson
Title:Shallow convection on day 261 of GATE: Mesoscale arcs
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 12, 1617-1635
Abstract:On 18 September 1974, a cloud cluster growing in the GATE ship array was examined using aircraft flying close to one another at different heights, the geostationary satellite SMS-1, and radar, rawinsonde
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Record ID:41/288


Date:00/00/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Warner, C.
Title:Mesoscale features and cloud organization on 10-12 December 1978 over the South China Sea.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1619-1641
Abstract:Aircraft data from winter MONEX have been combined with other data to study mesoscale features, and organization of cumulus clouds, on 10-12 December 1978.
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Record ID:41/289


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Watanabe, H., Y. Ogura
Title:Effects of orgraphically forced upstream lifting on mesoscale heavy precipitation: A case study
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 661-675
Abstract:An exceptionally heavy rainstorm hit the coastal area of the western part of Japan on 23 July 1983
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Record ID:41/290


Date:08/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Watson, A.I., J.G. Meitin, J.B. Cunning
Title:Evolution of the kinematic structure and precipitaiton characteristics of a mesoscale convective system on 20 May 1979
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1555-1567
Abstract:The relationship of vertical motion to the occurrence of precipitation from the convective and stratiform regions of a mesoscale convective system (MCS) is presented.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/291


Date:10/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Weisman, R.A.
Title:An observational study of warm season southern Appalachian lee troughs. Part II: Thunderstorm genesis zones
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 2020-2041
Abstract:The thunderstorm genesis regions during warm season lee-trough episodes in the southern Appalachians are examined in this study.
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Record ID:41/292


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wilczak, J.M., T.W. Christian
Title:Case study of an orographically induced mesoscale vortex (Denver cyclone)
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 1082-1102
Abstract:Observations taken during the Convection Initiation and downburst Experiment (CINDE) are used to describe the formation and structure of an orographically induced mesoscale vortex that frequently occurs
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Record ID:41/293


Date:08/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wilczak, J.M., J.W. Glendening
Title:Observations and mixed-layer modeling of a terrain-induced mesoscale Gyre: The Denver cyclone
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2688-2711
Abstract:In northeastern Colorado a frequently observed features of the surface wind field is a stationary, terrain-induced mesoscale gyre, which is often associated with the formation of severe weather.
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Record ID:41/294


Date:07/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wilson, K.O., D.G. Vincent
Title:Meso-synoptic scale interaction during AVE/SESAME II and a comparison with AVE/SESAME I
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1370-1393
Abstract:A diagnosis of the scale interactions between areas of organized convective activity and their larger scale environment is presented for AVE/SESAME II, 19-20 April 1979. Two distinct area of
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Record ID:41/295


Date:12/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wong, R.K.W., K.D. Hage
Title:Comment on ``Terrain-following coordinates and the hydrostatic approximation'
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2875-2878
Abstract:By examining chain rule transformation and tensor transformation results, it is shown that the small slope assumption mentioned in Pielke and Martin (1981) is not required for the validity of the
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Record ID:41/296


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wong, R.K.W., K.D. Hage, L. Phillips
Title:The numerical simulation of drainage winds in a small urban valley under conditions with supercritical Richardson numbers
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 26, 1447-1463
Abstract:A two-dimensional numerical model is used to simulate nocturnal drainage flow ina small urban valley with light prevalining and conditions of supercritical Richards numbers (Ri).
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Record ID:41/297


Date:09/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zejin, X., R.A. Pielke
Title:The effects of width of landmasses on the development of sea breezes
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 30, 1280-1304
Abstract:A two-dimensional hydrostatic model has been employed to simulate sea-breeze circulations introduced by different-sized landmasses.
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Record ID:41/298


Date:06/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q.
Title:Deep convective rotational solitary waves and mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1483-1497
Abstract:As an extension of CCI (conditional convective instability) theory, three-dimensional deep and steady convective waves in a barotropic basic flow with am embedded moist zone were studied via
Location:15
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Record ID:41/299


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zu, Q.
Title:A formula for eddy viscosity in the presence of moist symmetric instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 5-8
Abstract:Lilly's formula for eddy viscosity in the presence of purely convective instability is extended by including both the buoyancy and inertial contributions to the turbulence energy in a slantwise convection of
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Record ID:41/300


Date:12/15/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zu, Q.
Title:A theoretical study of cold air damming
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 2969-2985
Abstract:The dynamics of cold air damming are examined analytically with a two-layer steady state model.
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Record ID:41/301


Date:07/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q., J.H.E. Clark
Title:Wave CISK and mesoscale convective systems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 2089-2107
Abstract:The basic assumption of conventional wave-CISK theory are examined against observations of mesoscale organized convective systems.
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Record ID:41/302


Date:12/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zu, Q., J.H.E. Clark
Title:The nature of symmetric instability and its similarity to convective and inertical instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2880-2883
Abstract:It is shown that there exists a local similarity among SI (symmetric instability), BI (buoyancy or convective instability), and II (inertial instability) even for fully nonlinear viscous motion.
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Record ID:41/303


Date:02/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zu, Q., M.W. Moncrieff
Title:Density current circulations in shear flows
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 51, 434-466
Abstract:This paper develops an idealized (inviscid two fluid), two dimensional, steady-state model of a density current circulation and its front propagating into a uniformly sheared environmental flow.
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Record ID:41/304


Date:05/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yan, H., R.A. Anthes
Title:The effect of latitude on the sea breeze
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 936-956
Abstract:Long-term (five day) integration of a nonlinear numerical model of the sea breeze at the equator, 20 deg N, 30 deg N and 45 deg N indicate the importance of latitude of the sea breeze circulation.
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Record ID:41/305


Date:09/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yoshikado, H.
Title:Vertical structure of the sea breeze penetrating through a large urban complex
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 29, 878-891
Abstract:A series of observations of the three-dimensional wind and thermal structure of the boundary layer was carried out during each summer season from 1986 over the western portion of the Kanto Plain.
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Record ID:41/306


Date:09/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Young, G.S., R. Johnson
Title:Meso- and microscale features of a Colorado cold front
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Meteor., 23, 1315-1325
Abstract:Data from the NOAA BAO (Boulder Atmospheric Observatory) tower and the PROFS (Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services) surface mesonetwork have been used to detect the meso- and microscale
Location:7
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Record ID:41/307


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Young, G.S., R.A. Pielke
Title:Application of terrain height variance spectra to mesoscale modeling
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2555-2560
Abstract:The distribution of terrain height variance with wavelength is important for determining the required horizontal grid spacing for mesoscale models so that a subgrid-scale terrain parameterization need
Location:13
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Record ID:41/308


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zawadzki, I., E. Torlaschi, R. Sauvageau
Title:The relationship between mesoscale therodynamic variables and convective precipitation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1535-1540
Abstract:Soundins, surface pressure, temperature and humidity obtained from a standard observation network were correlated with rain rates given by raingages and radar.
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Record ID:41/309


Date:12/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhong, S., E.S. Takle
Title:An observational study of sea- and land-breeze circulation in an area of complex coastal heating
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 31, 1426-1438
Abstract:The diurnal evolution of the three-dimensional structure of a mesoscale circulation system fequently occurring in the area of Kennedy Space Center-Cape Canaveral has been studied using the data from the
Location:19
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Record ID:41/310


Date:04/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zeigler, C.L., C.E. Hane
Title:An observational study of the dryline
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 1134-1151
Abstract:This study presents analyses of data collected in the vicinity of a cloud-free dryline that occurred in western OK on 24 May 1989.
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Record ID:41/311


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J., R.J. Meitin, M.A. LeMone
Title:Mesoscale motion fields associated with a slowly moving GATE convective band
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1725-1750
Abstract:The structure of the convective band of 14 September in the dense GATE observing array is determined using wind and thermodynamic array is determined using wind and therodynamic data primarily from
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Record ID:41/312


Date:10/15/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ehrendorfer, M., R.M. Errico
Title:Mesoscale Predictability and the spectrum of optimal perturbations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 52, 3475-3500
Abstract:The spectrum of finite-time most unstable structures, also referred to as singular verctors (SVs), is computed for a regional, mesoscale primitive-equation model.
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Record ID:41/313


Date:12/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Carbone, R.E., W.A. Cooper, W-C Lee
Title:Forcing of flow reversal along the windward slopes of Hawaii.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., Vol. 123, 12, 3466-3480
Abstract:Hawaii is an island approximately 4 km high, the lower portion of which is immersed in an easterly tradewind layer that is typically 2 km deep. Blockage of the trade wind combined with diurnal, thermally driven circulations, leads to a general flow stagnation along the windward slopes and to a reversal of flow at night.
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Record ID:41/314


Date:2/2/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mukabana, J.R., R.A. Pielke
Title:Investigating the influence of synoptic-scale monsoonal winds and mesoscale circulations on diurnal weather patterns over Kenya using a mesoscale numerical model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 224-243
Abstract:The Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) developed at Colorado State University (CSU) was used to investigate the influence of the large-scale monsoonal winds and the mesoscale
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Record ID:41/315


Date:03/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Harimaya, T., H. Wakamatsu
Title:Regional characteristics of heavy rainfalls in Hokkaido, Japan
Publication:J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido U., Series VII, 9, 429-443
Abstract:The distributions of annual rainfall amounts in Hokkaido, the northern island of Japan, are characterized by high rainfall amounts around the southeast slopes of the
Location:22
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Record ID:41/316


Date:12/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Banta, R.M.
Title:Sea breezes shallow and deep on the California Coast
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 3614-3622
Abstract:Analyses of Doppler lidar data reveal sea breezes occurring on two different depth and time scales at Monterey Bay, CA, on a day with offshore gradient flow indicated before sunrise and after sunset/
Location:22
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Record ID:41/317


Date:1/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q., S. Gao, B.H. Fiedler
Title:A theoretical study of cold air damming with upstream cold air inflow.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2, 312-326
Abstract:The previously developed two-layer model of cold air damming is extended to include upstream cold air inflow. The upper layer is an isentropic cross-mountain flow.
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Record ID:41/318


Date:2/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thunis, P., R. Bornstein
Title:Hierarchy of mesoscale flow assumptions and equations.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 3, 1996
Abstract:The present research proposes a standard nomenclature for mesoscale meteorolgical concepts and integrates existing concepts of atmospheric space scales, flow assumptions, governing equations, and resulting motions into a hierarchy useful in categorization of mesoscale models.
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Record ID:41/319


Date:03/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Paegle, J., K.C. Mo, J.Nogues-Paegle
Title:Dependence of simulated precipitation on surface evaporation during the 1993 United States summer floods.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 3, 345-361
Abstract:Regional summertime atmospheric conditions of 1993 are analyzed with the University of Utah Local Area Model (ULAM) by nudging boundary layer values and large internal scales of the local model toward values produced by the Nested Grid Model (NCEP/NOAA) initial analyses and forecasts archived at 6-h intervals.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/320


Date:3/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q., M. Xie, K.K. Droegemeier
Title:Numerical simulations of density currents in sheared environments within a vertically confined channel.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 5, 770-786
Abstract:Numerical simulations are performed to study the kinematics and dynamics of nearly inviscid, two-dimensional density currents propagating in a uniformly sheared environmental flow within a vertically confined channel.
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Record ID:41/321


Date:04/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Burk, S.D., W.T. Thompson
Title:The summertime low-level jet and marine boundary layer structure along the California coast.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 4, 668-686
Abstract:This paper examines the strong, summertime northerly low-level jet (LLJ) that frequently exists along the California coast. The persistent synoptic-scale pressure distribution (North Pacific high to the west, thermal low to the east) and baroclinity created by the juxtaposition of the heated continent and the cool marine layer produce the mean structure of this LLJ.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/322


Date:5/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhong, S., J.D. Fast, X. Bian
Title:A case study of the Great Plains low-level jet using wind profiler network data and a high-resolution mesoscale model.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 5, 785-806
Abstract:A detailed case of one complete episode of a typical summertime Great Plains low-level jet (LLJ) using data collected by the NOAA wind profiler demonstration network is presented.
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Record ID:41/323


Date:11/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, Y.-L., I.-C. Jao
Title:A numerical study of flow circulations in the central valley of California and formation mechanisms of the Fresno eddy.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 3227-3239
Abstract:In this study, the authors have conducted a series of numerical experiments to investigate the flow circulations in the Central Valley of California and the formation mechanisms of the Fresno eddy.
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Record ID:41/324


Date:11/15/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Avissar, R., F. Chen
Title:Development and analysis of prognostic equations for mesoscale kinetic energy and mesoscale (subgrid scale) fluxes for large-scale atmospheric models.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 22, 3751-3774
Abstract:Mesoscale circulations generated by landscape discontinuities (e.g. sea breezes) are likely to have a significant impact on the hydrologic cycle, the climate, and the weather. However, these processes are not represented in large-scale atmospheric models (e.g. general circulation models), which have an inappropriate grid-scale resolution.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/325


Date:03/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stensrud, D.J., J.A. Skindlov
Title:Gridpoint predictions of high temperature from a mesoscale model.
Publication:Wea. and Forecasting, 11, 103-110
Abstract:Mesoscale model gridpoint temperature data from simulations in the southwestern United States during the summer of 1990 are compared with both observations and statistical guidance from large-scale models over a 32-day period.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/326


Date:12/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Christie, D.R.
Title:The morning glory of the Gulf of Carpenteria: a paradigm for non-linear waves in the lower atmosphere.
Publication:Aust. Met. Mag., 41, 21-60
Abstract:Observations of morning glory waves and other related non-linear wave distributions are reviewed along with laboratory and theoretical studies which describe the formation, evolution and decay of disturbances of this type.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/327


Date:6/15/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Monserrat, S., A.J. Thorpe
Title:Use of ducting theory in an observed case of gravity waves.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 12, 1724-1736
Abstract:This paper attempts to explain the properties of a gravity wave event observed on Mallorca (Balearic islands) using an array of microbarographs.
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Record ID:41/328


Date:8/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blumen, W., R.L. Grossman, N. Gamage, R.J. Zamora
Title:The low-level structure and evolution of a dry arctic front over the central United States. Part I: Mesoscale observations.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 8, 1648-1675
Abstract:Observations taken over the period 8-10 March 1992 during the Storm-scale Operational and Research Meteorological Fronts Experiment Systems Test in the central United States are used to document the detailed low-level structure and evolution of a shallow, dry arctic front.
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Record ID:41/329


Date:8/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blumen, W., N. Gamage, R.L. Grossman, M.A. LeMone, L.J. Miller
Title:The low-level structure and evolution of a dry arctic front over the central United States. Part II: Comparison with theory.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 8, 1676-1692
Abstract:This investigation examines the meso- and microscale aspects of the 9 March 1992 cold front that passed through Kansas during the daylight hours.
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Record ID:41/330


Date:12/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., Y.-L. Lin, F.M. Ralph, C. Chen
Title:Numerical simulations of an observed gravity current and gravity waves in an environment characterized by complex stratification and shear.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 23, 3570-3588
Abstract:Numerical simulations of a gravity current in an environment characterized by complex stratification and vertical wind shear have been performed using a nonhydrostatic, two-dimensional, dry, primitive-equation model.
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Record ID:41/331


Date:12/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pokrandt, P.J., G.J. Tripoli, D.D. Houghton
Title:Processes leading to the formation of mesoscale waves in the midwest cyclone of 15 December 1987.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 12, 2726-2752
Abstract:On 15 December 1987, several long-lived, large amplitude mesoscale wave disturbances accompanied a rapidly developing extratropical cyclone in the midwest United States.
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Record ID:41/332


Date:12/1/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xin, L., G.W. Reuter
Title:Numerical simulation of the effects of mesoscale convergence on convective rain showers.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 124, 12, 2828-2842
Abstract:A nonhydrostatic axisymmetric cloud model is used to quantify the effects of persistent mesoscale convergence on cumulus development and convective rainfall.
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Record ID:41/333


Date:041/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Takahashi, N., H. Uyeda, K. Kikuchi, K. Iwanami
Title:Mesoscale and convective scale features of heavy rainfall events in late period of the Baiu season in July 1988, Nagasaki Prefecture.
Publication:J. Met. Soc. of Japan, 74, 4, 539-561
Abstract:A comprehensive observation during the late period of the Baiu season was performed in July, 1988, in the project 'A Study of Mechanism and Prediction on Heavy Rainfalls during Rainy Season in Japan.'
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Record ID:41/334


Date:4/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Weglarz, R.P., Y.-L. Lin
Title:A linear theory for jet streak formation due to zonal momentum forcing in a stably stratified atmosphere.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 7, 908-932
Abstract:A pertubation potential vorticity theory is developed to investigate the three-dimensional, time-dependent, linear geostrophic adjustment of a stably stratified Boussinesq atmosphere that is disturbed from
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Record ID:41/335


Date:01/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Du, J., H.R. Cho
Title:Potential vorticity anomaly and mesoscale convective systems on the Baiu (Mei-Yu) front
Publication:J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 74, 891-908
Abstract:It is proposed that the mesoscale convective systems along Baiu (Called Mei-Yu in China) fronts are caused by instability of the low-level potential voricity maximum along the fronts.
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Record ID:41/336


Date:02/19/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ziegler, C.L., T.J. Lee, R.A. Pielke
Title:Simulations of deep, moist convection at the dryline with a 3-D mesoscale model
Publication:Proc., 18th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, San Francisco, CA, 19-23 Feb 1996, AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:22
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Record ID:41/337


Date:01/05/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ziegler, C.L., W. Martin, R. Pielke, R. Walko
Title:A modeling study of the dryline environment
Publication:Preprints, 5th Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, 5-10 Jan 1992, Atlanta, GA, AMS.
Abstract:None
Location:22
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Record ID:41/338


Date:06/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ziegler, C.L., T.J. Lee, R.A. Pielke, Sr.
Title:Convective initiation at the dryline: A modeling study.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1001-1026
Abstract:A nonhydrostatic, 3D version of the CSU RAMS is used to deduce the processes responsible for the formation of drylines and the subsequent initiation of deep, moist dryline convection.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/339


Date:6/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Li, J., Y.-L. Chen, W.-C. Lee
Title:Analysis of a heavy rainfall event during TAMEX.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1060-1082
Abstract:A heavy rainfall event during TAMEX intensive observing period 13 has been studied using upper air, surface mesonet and dual-Doppler radar data.
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Record ID:41/340


Date:6/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sousounis, P.J.
Title:Lake-aggregate mesoscale disturbances. Part III: Description of a mesoscale aggregate vortex.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1111-1134
Abstract:The structure of a meso-a-scale vortex that developed over the Great Lakes in late autumn is described.
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Record ID:41/341


Date:6/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kaplan, M.L., S.E. Koch, Y.-L. Lin, R.P. Weglarz, R.A. Rozumalski
Title:Numerical simulations of a gravity wave event over CCOPE. Part I: The role of geostrophic adjustment in mesoscale jetlet formation.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1185-1211
Abstract:Mesoscale model simulations are performed in order to provide insight into the complex role of jet streak adjustments in establishing an environment favorable to the generation of gravity waves on 11-12 July 1981.
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Record ID:41/342


Date:7/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doyle, J.D.
Title:The influence of mesoscale orography on a coastal jet and rainband.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1465-1488
Abstract:The role of mesoscale orography along the central California coast in the development and evolution of a coastal jet and rainband is investigated using a high-resolution, triply nested, nonhydrostatic numerical model.
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Record ID:41/343


Date:07/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Shaw, B.L., R.A. Pielke, C.L. Ziegler
Title:A 3D numerical simulation of a Great Plains dryline.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 1489-1506
Abstract:A 3D, nonhydrostatic, nested grid version of the CSU RAMS was used to perform simulations of an actual dryline that was observed as part of the COPS-91 field experiment on 15 May 1991.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/344


Date:7/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Menhofer, A., R.K. Smith, M.J. Reeder, J.R. Christie
Title:'Morning-glory' disturbances and the environment in which they propagate.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1712-1725
Abstract:Results of a field experiment carried out in 1991 to gather upper-air data on the morning-glory environment are presented.
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Record ID:41/345


Date:7/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, T.L., T. Keller, J. Coen, P. Neilley, H.-M. Hsu, W.D. Hall
Title:Terrain-induced turbulence over Lantau Island: 7 June 1994 Tropical Storm Russ case study.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 1795-1814
Abstract:Numerical simulations of terrain-induced turbulence associated with airflow over Lantau Island of Hong Kong are presented.
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Record ID:41/346


Date:7/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuwagata, T., F. Kimura
Title:Daytime boundary layer evolution in a deep valley. Part II: Numerical simulation of the cross-valley circulation.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 883-895
Abstract:The thermally induced circulation in a deep valley during fair weather and weak synoptic wind conditions is simulated by a 2D numerical model, in order to investigate the daytime planetary boundary layer evolution observed in the Ina valley, a deep, 2D valley in Japan.
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Record ID:41/347


Date:10/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rutledge, S.A., P.V. Hobbs
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. XII: A diagnostic modeling study of precipitation development in narrow cold-frontal rainbands.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 2949-2972
Abstract:The highest precipitation rate in midlatitude cyclones are often associated with the narrow cold-frontal rainband.
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Record ID:41/348


Date:10/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, Y.-L., X.A. Chen, S. Chen, Y.-H. Kuo
Title:A numerical study of the low-level jet during TAMEX IOP 5.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 2583-2604
Abstract:The Pennsylvania State University--National Center for Atmsopheric Research Mesoscale Model Version 4 is used to simulate the cyclogenesis and the development of a low-level jet that occurred during the TAMEX IOP 5 over southern China.
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Record ID:41/349


Date:10/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Whiteman, C.D., X. Bian, S. Zhong
Title:Low-level jet climatology from enhanced rawinsonde observations at a site in the Southern Great Plains.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 1363-1376
Abstract:A climatology of the Great Plains LLJ is developed from 2 years of research rawinsonde data obtained up to 8 times per day in north-central Oklahoma.
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Record ID:41/350


Date:10/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lu, J., S.P. Arya, W.H. Snyder, R.E. Lawson, Jr.
Title:A laboratory field study of the urban heat island in a calm and stably stratified environment. Part I: Temperature field.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 1377-1391
Abstract:An extensive and systematic water-tank study was performed to simulate the urban heat island under a calm and stably stratified environment.
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Record ID:41/351


Date:10/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lu, J., S.P. Arya, W.H. Snyder, R.E. Lawson, Jr.
Title:A laboratory study of the urban heat island in a calm and stably stratified environment. Part II: Velocity Field
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 1392-1402
Abstract:A fully turbulent, low-aspect-ratio buoyant plume with no initial momentum under calm and stably stratified conditions is produced in a convection tank.
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Record ID:41/352


Date:11/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gallus, Jr., W.A., J.F. Bresch
Title:An intense small-scale wintertime vortex in the midwest United States.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 2787-2807
Abstract:An intense small-scale low pressure system that moved across portions of the midwest United States is examined.
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Record ID:41/353


Date:12/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thompson, W.T., T. Haack, J.D. Doyle, S.D. Burk
Title:A nonhydrostatic mesoscale simulation of the 10-11 June 1994 Coastally trapped wind reversal.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 3211-3230
Abstract:During the summer months, the California coast is under the influence of persistent northwesterly flow.
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Record ID:41/354


Date:12/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Minre, T.J., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Lake-effect rain events.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 125, 3231-3248
Abstract:Seven years of autumnal precipitation data are examined to determine the characteristics of lake-effect precipitation downwind of Lake Erie.
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Record ID:41/355


Date:12/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Buckley, R.L., R.J. Kurzeja
Title:An observational and numerical study of the nocturnal sea breeze. Part I: Structure and circulation.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 1577-1598
Abstract:Characteristics of inland-penetrating nocturnal sea breezes at the Savannah River Site in South Carolina are discussed.
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Record ID:41/356


Date:12/1/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Buckley, R.L., R.J. Kurzeja
Title:An observational and numerical study of the nocturnal sea breeze. Part II: Chemical transport.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 36, 1599-1619
Abstract:Chemical transport at the Savannah River Site in S. Carolina during nocturnal sea-breeze passage is examined using simulations from a 3D model (RAMS).
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Record ID:41/357


Date:1/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hutchinson, T.A., H.B. Bluestein
Title:Prefrontal wind-shift lines in the plains of the United States.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 141-166
Abstract:In the central United States, cold fronts are sometimes preceeded by a surface wind shift by several hours.
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Record ID:41/358


Date:1/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Smith, R.K., J.A. Noonan
Title:Generation of low-level mesoscale convergence lines over Northeastern Australia
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 167-185
Abstract:Thermally forced atmospheric circulations over the Gulf of Carpentaria region of northeastern Australia are investigated using a mesoscale numerical model.
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Record ID:41/359


Date:02/01/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, J.J., W.L. Chen
Title:A case study of trade-wind rainbands and their interaction with the island-induced airflow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 409-423
Abstract:A case study of trade-wind rainbands observed on 22 August 1990 during the Hawaiian rainband project is presented
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Record ID:41/360


Date:02/01/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, J., E.A.B. Eltahir, R.L. Bras
Title:Numerical simulation of nonlinear mesoscale circulations induced by the thermal heterogeneities of land surface
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 447-464
Abstract:Mesoscale circulations forced by a random distribution of surface sensible heat flux have been investigated using a three-dimensional numerical model
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Record ID:41/361


Date:07/18/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ziegler, C.L., T.J. Lee, R.A. Pielke
Title:Simulations of the dryline with a 3-D mesoscale model
Publication:Preprints, 6th Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, Portland, OR, 18-22 July 1994, AMS, Boston, MA.
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/362


Date:01/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Moncrieff, M.W., E. Klinker
Title:Organized convective systems in the tropical western Pacific as a process in general circulation models: A TOGA COARE case-study
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 123, 805-827
Abstract:We examine the large-scale effects of organized convective systems in the tropical western Pacific observed during the Tropical-Ocean Global-Atmosphere Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE).
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Record ID:41/363


Date:01/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Modica, G.D., S.T. Heckman, R.M. Rasmussen
Title:An application of an explicit microphysics mesoscale model to a regional icing event
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 33, 53-64
Abstract:A hydrostatic regional prediction model is modified to permit the existence of both liquid and ice hydrometeors within the same grid volume.
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Record ID:41/364


Date:07/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A.
Title:Evolution of a mesoscale upper tropospheric vorticity maximum and comma cloud from a cloud-free two-dimensional potential vorticity anomaly
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 119, 883-906
Abstract:A diagnostic case study is presented in which output from the limited-area forecast version of the Meteorological Office operational Unified Model was use together with water vapour and cloud imagery from the Meteosat satellite.
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Record ID:41/365


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., M.J. Miller
Title:A numerical and analytical study of atmospheric undular bores
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 111, 225-242
Abstract:In this paper the formation and structure of an atmospheric undular bore is examined with the aid of a numerical model and theoretical analysis
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Record ID:41/366


Date:11/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Haiden, T., M. Kerschbaum
Title:An analytical model of stable upslope rain
Publication:Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., 62, 327-331
Abstract:Steady state two-dimensional distributions of cloud and precipitation water resulting from a prescribed flow along ascending terrain of constant slope are determined analytically.
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Record ID:41/367


Date:01/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Abbs, D.J., W.L. Physick
Title:Sea-breeze observations and modelling: a review
Publication:Aust. Met. Mag., 41, 7-19
Abstract:We present an overview of sea-breeze characteristics and behaviour and then discuss some more important aspects in greater detail.
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Record ID:41/368


Date:06/25/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V., J.D. Locatelli, J.E. Martin
Title:Cold fronts aloft and the forecasting of precipitaiton and severe weather east of the Rocky Mountains
Publication:Preprints, Fourth Conf. on Mesoscale Processes, June 25-29, 1998, Boulder, CO, AMS, Boston, MA, 39-40
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/369


Date:09/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, X.
Title:A diagnostic study of a midlatitude frontal squall line
Publication:Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 510, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 146 pp.
Abstract:Heat, moisture and momentum budgets of a squall line that occurred in the central United States on 26-27 June 1985 are investigated throughout its developing, mature and dissipating stage.
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Record ID:41/370


Date:02/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K., K. Wakahara, H. Ohkubo
Title:Meso-alpha-scale low development over the northeastern Japan Sea under the influence of a parent large-scale low and a cold vortex aloft
Publication:J. Met. Soc. of Japan, 71, 73-90
Abstract:The meso-alpha-scale low development over the northeastern Japan Sea on 13-14 Juanuary 1986 is studied.
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Record ID:41/371


Date:09/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., J.H. Rodriguez, J.L. Eastman, R.L. Walko, R.A. Stocker
Title:Influence of albedo variability in complex terrain on mesoscale systems
Publication:J. Clim., 6, 1798-1806
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/372


Date:07/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., M. Uliasz
Title:Influence of landscape variability on atmospheric dispersion
Publication:J. Air Waste Manage. Assoc., 43, 989-994.
Abstract:Using idealized distributions of surface moisture, it is sown that with a signficant synoptic prevaling flow over these regions of surface variability, dispersion is generally enhanced over heteorogeneous surfaces as compared
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Record ID:41/373


Date:01/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., T.J. Lee, E.P. Glenn, R. Avissar
Title:Influence of halophyte plantings in arid regions on local atmospheric structure
Publication:Int. J. Biometeorol., 37, 96-100
Abstract:The practicality of modifying climate in arid regions through irrigation has up to now been constrained by the availability of resh water with which to grow crops
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Record ID:41/374


Date:01/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:Nonlinear balance on an equatorial beta plane
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 120, 215-219
Abstract:Extension of the nonlinear balance model to include the equator is examine here from a theoretical perspective
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Record ID:41/375


Date:07/01/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rubes, M.T., H.J. Cooper, E.A. Smith
Title:A study of the Merritt Island, Florida sea breeze flow regimes and their effect on surface heat and moisture fluxes
Publication:NASA Contractor Report 4537, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
Abstract:Surface, upper-air and satellite data collected during the Convective and Precipitation/Electrification Experiment have been analyzed as part of an investigation of the sea breeze in the vicinity of Merritt Island, FL.
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Record ID:41/376


Date:01/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Staquet, C., J.J. Riley
Title:On the velocity field associated with potential vorticity
Publication:Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 14, 93-123
Abstract:In order to extend to the small but finite Froude number case the wave/horizontal-vortex decomposition derived by Riley et al. and Lilly, we propose two sets of equations that define diagnostically the non-propagating
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Record ID:41/377


Date:12/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(64) Severe Storms
Author:Stobie, J.G., F. Einaudi, L.W. Uccelini
Title:A case study of gravity waves-convective storms interaction: 9 May 1979
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2804-2830
Abstract:An analysis is presented of a series of severe storms which occurred in the north central U.S. on 9 May 1979 and whose spatial distribution and movement correlate well with observed gravity waves
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Record ID:41/378


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Leary, C.A.
Title:Behavior of the wind field in the vicinity of a cloud cluster in the introtropical convergence zone
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 631-639
Abstract:The 5 September 1974 double cloud cluster formed in a large-scale wind field characterized by convergence on the trade winds along a line of confluence at the surface, a synoptic-scale wave in the midtropospheric easterlies and a diffluent easterly flow near the tropopause.
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Record ID:41/379


Date:09/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(19) Cumulus
Author:LaMontagne, R.G., J.W. Telford
Title:Cloud top mixing in small cumuli
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2148-2156
Abstract:On 28 August 1978 a series of flights was made into small cumuli using the Desert Research Institute's B-26 research aircraft. The low values for the liquid water mixing ratio obtained in cloud indicate considerable entrainment of clear air.
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Record ID:41/380


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(46) Microphysics - Warm Cloud
Author:Hegg, D.A., L.F. Radke, P.V. Hobbs
Title:Measurements of transformations in the physical and chemical properties of clouds associated with onshore flow in Washington state.
Publication:J. Clim. Met., 23, No. 6, 979-984
Abstract:Preliminary measurements of several physical and chemical parameters associated with clouds in two cases of onshore flow over western Washington suggest that the physical and chemical properties of maritime...
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Record ID:41/381


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Gao, K., D.L. Zhang, M.W. Moncrieff, H.R. Cho
Title:Mesoscale momentum budget in a midlatitude squall line: A numerical case study
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 1011-1028
Abstract:A meso-beta-scale momentum budget and its effect on larger-scale mean flow in a midlatitude mesoscale convective system are investigated using a numerical simulation of an intense squall line tht
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Record ID:41/382


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Cheng, C.P., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:The distribution of convective and mesoscale precipitation in GATE radar echo patterns
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1370-1381
Abstract:Quantitative radar data have been used to divide individual radar echoes observed in GATE into convective and mesoscale components.
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Record ID:41/383


Date:06/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A.
Title:Regional models of the atmosphere in middle latitudes
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1306-1335
Abstract:This review describes recent development in operational and research limited-area numerical weather prediction models in middle latitudes.
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Record ID:41/384


Date:09/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barnes, G.M., K. Sieckman
Title:The environment of fast- and slow-moving tropical mesoscale convective cloud lines
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1782-1794
Abstract:Rawinsonde data from GATE are composited to examine the environmental similarities and differences between fast-moving (line speed V_l > 7 ms^-1) and slow-moving (V_l < 3 ms^-1) mesoscale cloud lines
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Record ID:41/385


Date:04/01/1961
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Boucher, R.J., R. Wexler
Title:The motion and predictability of precipitation lines
Publication:J. Meteorol., 18, 160-171
Abstract:Analysis of radar film from New England and the midwest has shed additional light on the relation of precipitation-line motion to upper winds, the direction of motion, the line lifetimes and the regions of appearance and disappearance.
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Record ID:41/386


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A.
Title:Local weather forecasting
Publication:Proc. R. Soc. Lond., A371, 179-211
Abstract:Good progress has been made in forecasting the broad pattern of the weather for periods up to a few days ahead as a result of developments in meathematical weather prediction models
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Record ID:41/387


Date:06/30/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chauzy, S., M. Chong, A. Delannoy, S. Despiau
Title:The June 22 tropical squall line observed during COPT 81 Experiment: Electrical signature associated with dynamical structure and precipitation
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 90, 6091-6098
Abstract:The tropical convection experiment COPT 81 (Convection Profonde Tropicale) was carried out near Korhogo (Northern Invory Coast) during May and June 1981
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Record ID:41/388


Date:01/05/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chin, D., H.D. Hamilton
Title:Synoptic analysis case 2 23 March 1978-27 March 1978
Publication:Scientific Report No. 2, AFGL-TR-79-0007, SAS Corp., Riverdale, MD 20840
Abstract:The synoptic scale weather conditions over the continental United States for the period 23-27 March 1978 are documented in support of the Large Scale Cloud Systems Program.
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Record ID:41/389


Date:05/04/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cohen, I.D.
Title:Development of a large scale cloud system, 23-27 March 1978
Publication:Environmental Research Papers No. 739, AFGL-TR-81-0127, Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom AFB, MA 01731
Abstract:The visual and microphysical properties of a large scale cloud system are described as that system developed from an open wave in Oklahom to a deep occlusion covering most of the east coast of the United States.
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Record ID:41/390


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Emanuel, K.A.
Title:Symmetric instability
Publication:Mesoscale Meteorology - Theories, Observations and Model, D.K. Lilly and T. Gal-Chen (eds.), D. Reidel Publishing Co., 217-229
Abstract:Any investigation of the dynamic behaviour of fluid flow on the mesoscale should involve a thorough study of mesoscale instabilities.
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Record ID:41/391


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Flatau, M., D.E. Stevens
Title:The effect of horizontal pressure gradients on the momentum transport in tropical convective lines
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 395, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:Measurements of the momentum transport in tropical convective lines suggests that horizontal momentum can be generated on the cloud scale by the mesoscale low located near the center of the covective part of the line.
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Record ID:41/392


Date:02/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Frank, N.L.
Title:The
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 130-141
Abstract:
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Record ID:41/393


Date:07/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Frank, W.M.
Title:The life cycles of GATE convective systems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1256-1264
Abstract:The life cycles of GATE squal lines and loosely organized cloud clusters are analyzed and documented using radar and composited rawinsonde data.
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Record ID:41/394


Date:10/01/1958
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T., H.A. Brown
Title:A study of mesosystems and their radar echoes
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 39, 538-554
Abstract:Five mesosystems, occuring on 4 to 5 June 1953 in an area 500 by 600 mi near Chicago, were analyzed with the use of data from regular synoptic stations
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Record ID:41/395


Date:07/31/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V., J.D. Locatelli, T.J. Matejka, R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Air motions, mesoscale structure and cloud microphysics associated with a cold front
Publication:Preprints, Conf on Cloud Physics and Atmospheric Electricity, July 31 - August 4, 1978, Issaquah, WA, AMS, Boston, MA, 277-283
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/396


Date:06/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V., M.K. Politovich, L.F. Radke
Title:The structure of summer convective clouds in Eastern Montana. I: Natural clouds
Publication:J. Appl. Meteorol., 19, 645-663
Abstract:The microstructures and precipitation -roducing mechanisms in 93 clouds in the vicinity of Miles City, Montana have been explored through airborne measurements.
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Record ID:41/397


Date:04/15/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., S.A. Rutledge, T.J. Matejka, P.V. Hobbs
Title:Air motions and water budget of a warm frontal rainband
Publication:Preprints, Nineteenth Conf. on Radar Meteorology, April 15-18, 1980, Miami, FL, AMS, Boston, 23-29
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/398


Date:12/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., D.D. Churchill
Title:Microphysical structure of winter monsoon cloud clusters
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 3405-3411
Abstract:Images of hydrometeors in the size range 0.1 to 1.6 mm were obtained by aircraft in precipitaitng clouds over the South China Sea during Winter MONEX.
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Record ID:41/399


Date:02/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., E.N. Rappaport
Title:Air motions and precipitation structure of an early summer squal line over the Eastern tropical Atlantic
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 553-574
Abstract:The 28 June 1974 squall line over the ship array of the Global Atmospheric Research Programme's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) has been examined.
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Record ID:41/400


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E.
Title:Ability of a regional-scale model to predict the genesis of intense mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1693-1713
Abstract:This paper presents the mesoscale part of a two-part evaluation of thirty forecasts produced by a mesoscale numerical weather predeiction model (MASS 2.0).
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Record ID:41/401


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., W.C. Skillman, P.J. Kocin, P.J. Wetzel, K.F. Brill, D.A. Keyser, M.C. McCumber
Title:Synoptic scale forecast skill and systamatic errors in the MASS 2.0 model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1714-1737
Abstract:A large number of predictions from a regional numerical weather prediction model known as the Mesoscale Atmospheric Simulation System (MASS 2.0) are verified against routinely collected observations to determine the model's
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Record ID:41/402


Date:06/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuo, M., S.K. Cox
Title:Analysis of Colorado precipitation
Publication:Completion Report Series, No. 63, Environmental Resources Center, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:The objectives of the research proposal 'Analysis of Colorado Precipitation' fall into two categories.
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Record ID:41/403


Date:05/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Leary, C.A.
Title:Temperature and humidity profiles in mesoscale unsaturated downdrafts
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1005-1012
Abstract:Profiles of temperature and humidity beneath precipitating anvil clouds in tropical convective systems suggest the presence of a mesoscale unsaturated downdraft there.
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Record ID:41/404


Date:11/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., R.A. Pielke
Title:A numerical study of the air flow over mountains using the two-dimensional version of the University of Virginia Mesoscale Model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 2144-2155
Abstract:The two-dimensional version of the University of Virginia mesoscale model has been adopted to study the air flow over a mountain using a terrain-following coordinate system.
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Record ID:41/405


Date:08/01/1967
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Matsumoto, S., K. Ninomiya
Title:On the mesoscale warm core above the condensation level related to convective activities under the influence of dome shaped cold air
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 45, 306-314
Abstract:The mesoscale warm area is often observed in the lower part of the unstable air column lying in the central part of a cold dome which is passing the Japan Island across the Japan Sea.
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Record ID:41/406


Date:09/01/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pandolfo, J.P.
Title:Wind and temperature profiles for constant-flux boundary layers in lapse conditions with a variable eddy conductivity to eddy viscosity ratio
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 23, 495-506
Abstract:A set of wind and temperature profile formulas are derived for the constant-flux atmospheric boundary layer in lapse stratification.
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Record ID:41/407


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:Thermal and orographic mesoscale atmospheric systems--An essay
Publication:Adv. in Geophys., 28B, 203-222
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/408


Date:04/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pre-storm
Title:Design and operations plan for the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Expriment for Storm-Central
Publication:Project report
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/409


Date:09/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ruiz, O.
Title:Mesoscale study of the tropical sub-cloud layer
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 237, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO
Abstract:Aircraft, rawinsonde, radar, rainfall, synoptic data acquired during the 1972 Venezuelan International Meteorological and Hydrological Experiment (VIHEM 1972) are used to study both undisturbed and disturbed conditions.
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Record ID:41/410


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Seaman, N.L., R.A. Anthes
Title:A mesoscale semi-implicit numerical model
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 107, 167-190
Abstract:A three-dimensional semi-implicit mesoscale numerical model based on the Navier-Stokes equations is described and tested.
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Record ID:41/411


Date:01/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Simpson, J.E.
Title:A comparison between laboratory and amtospheric density currents
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 95, 758-763
Abstract:Some known results on density currents in liquids are discussed, and the geometry of the frontal regions and of the upcurrent sin the region ahead of them is whown to be similar to that of some thunderstorm outflows and sea-breeze fronts.
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Record ID:41/412


Date:10/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Smith, C.L., E.J. Zipser, S.M. Daggupaty, L. Sapp
Title:An experiment in tropical mesoscale analysis: Part 1
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 103, 878-903
Abstract:In part 1 of the two-part paper, we present an analysis of a portion of a tropical wave in the BOMEX Phase IV ship network on a much smaller scale than normally attempted using conventional observations and data from a number of research aircraft.
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Record ID:41/413


Date:09/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Toth, J.J., R.H. Johnson
Title:Summer surface flow characteristics over northeast Colorado
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1458-1469
Abstract:Surface wind data from the Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services (PROFS) have been analyzed to investigate the diurnal wind flow pattern over the broad drainage area of the South Platte River in northeast Colorado.
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Record ID:41/414


Date:01/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Williams, K.T., W.M. Gray
Title:Statistical analysis of satellite-observed trade wind cloud clusters in the western North Pacific
Publication:Tellus, XXV, 313-336
Abstract:Composite upper-air soundings have been constructed relative to 1,257 individual satellite-observed mesoscale (3-6\deg latitude) trade wind cloud clusters in the western tropical North Pacific.
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Record ID:41/415


Date:04/22/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bennett, R.C., R. List
Title:Lake breeze detection with an acoustic radar
Publication:Preprints, 16th Radar Meteorology Conf., Aptil 22-24, 1975, Houston, TX, AMS, Boston, 260-262
Abstract:None
Location:1
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Record ID:41/416


Date:03/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Churchill, D.D., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Development and structure of winter monsoon cloud clusters on 10 December 1978
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 933-960
Abstract:Data from the Winter Monsoon Experiment (WMONEX) are used to study cloud clusters that occurred over the South China Sea on 10 December 1978.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/417


Date:05/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, T.L.
Title:A three-dimensional small scale dynamic model using a terrain folliwng co-ordinate transformation
Publication:Internal Report No. APRB 46 P 8, Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:This paper describes a three-dimensional finite-difference model of air flow over an irregular lower surface
Location:1
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Record ID:41/418


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, W.R., R.L. George, P.J. Wetzel, R.L. McAnelly
Title:A long-lived mesoscale convective complex. Part I: The mountain-generated component
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1893-1918
Abstract:Using data collected during Colorado State University's South Park Area Cumulus Experiment in 1977, a sequence of multi-scale convective events leading to the formation of a mesoscale convective complex is described.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/419


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kane, R.J., Jr., C.R. Chelius, J.M. Fritsch
Title:Precipitation characteristics of mesoscale convective weather systems
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 26, 1345-1357
Abstract:Precipitation from 74 mesoscale convective complexes is examined to determine tht total precipitation, areal extent, and characteristic precipitation pattern of an average convective complex.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/420


Date:01/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lavoie, R.L., W.R. Cotton, J.B. Hovermale
Title:Investigations of lake effect storms
Publication:Final Report, The Pennsylvania State University, Dept. of Meteorology, University Park, PA
Abstract:This report describes the results of field measurements and numerical model experiments dealing with local storms arising from the interaction of arctic air outbreaks and Lake Erie in early winter.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/421


Date:11/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A.
Title:Mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 61, 1374-1387
Abstract:A particular class of weather system, the Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC), is identified, defined, and contrasted with other types of convective weather systems.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/422


Date:01/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., P. Mehring
Title:Use of mesoscale climatology in mountainous terrain to improve the spatial representation of mean monthly temperatures
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 108-112
Abstract:Using regularly collected climatological data, mean monthly temperatures as a function of elevation are estimated for the period 1958-73 over a portion of Virginia and West Virginia.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/423


Date:02/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.
Title:Comparison of a hydrostatic and an anelastic dry shallow primitive equation model
Publication:NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL OD-13, Environmental Research Laboratories, Boulder, CO
Abstract:None
Location:1
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Record ID:41/424


Date:01/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.
Title:An observational study of cumulus convection patterns in relation to the sea breeze over South Florida
Publication:NOAA Tech. memo. ERL OD-16, Environmental Research Laboratories, Boulder, CO
Abstract:The organization of convection over South Florida under different large-scale flow regimes was examined in detail using radar and surface observations for 4 days during the summer of 1971.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/425


Date:04/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schroeder, T.A.
Title:Meteorological analysis of an Oahu flood
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 458-468
Abstract:A detailed study has been made of the severe Oahu rainstorm of 19 April 1974 and its implicaitons for the Hawaii flood forecast problem
Location:1
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Record ID:41/426


Date:10/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(49) Mountain Meteorology
Author:McNider, R.T., R.A. Pielke
Title:Diurnal boundary-layer development over sloping terrain.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 2198-2212
Abstract:A one-dimensional prognostic model of the atmospheric boundary layer coupled to a surface energy budget is described which utilizes a profile formulation (non-local) for exchange coefficients in the daytime convective boundary layer and an exchange coefficient scheme based on local Richardson number for the stable nocturnal boundary layer.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/427


Date:09/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wagenmaker, R., J.F. Weaver, B. Connell
Title:A satellite and sounding perspective of a sixty-three inch lake snow event
Publication:National Weather Digest, 21, 4, 30-42
Abstract:A major lake effect snow event ot Sault Sainte Marie Michigan on 8-11 December 1995 is described utilizing a combination of surface data, satellite imagery and radiosonde observations.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/428


Date:10/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(49) Mountain Meteorology
Author:Colucci, S.J., A.Z. Loesch, L.F. Bosart
Title:Spectal evolution of a blocking episode and comparison with wave interaction theory.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 2092-2111
Abstract:The structure and evolution of planetary-scale waves in the 500mb geopotential height field over the Northern Hemisphere during December 1976 and January 1977 are studied with the techniques of one- and two-dimensional Fourier analysis and sperical harmonic analysis.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/429


Date:05/01/1962
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A.
Title:The sea breeze as a function of the pevailing synoptic situation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 19, 244-250
Abstract:The effects of the large-scale wind and temperature fields on the development of the sea breeze circulation is studied with the aid of a theoretical model
Location:0
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Record ID:41/430


Date:06/14/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hanna, S.R.
Title:Summary of meeting on mesoscale atmospheric modelling, June 14-16, 1971, Watts Bar Dam, TN
Publication:ATDL Contribution No. 50, NOAA Research Laboratories, Air Resources Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Lab, Oak Ridge, TN
Abstract:None
Location:1
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Record ID:41/431


Date:08/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kalb, M.W.
Title:Initialization of a mesoscale model for April 10, 1979, using alternative data sources
Publication:NASA Contractor Report 3826, NASA Scientific and Technical Information Branch
Abstract:None
Location:1
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Record ID:41/432


Date:10/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kalnay-Rivas, E., L.O. Merkine
Title:A simple mechanism for blocking
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 2077-2091
Abstract:Numerical experiments show that blocking in a barotropic atmosphere can occur as a resonant enhancement of Rossby lee waves forced by two stationary sources of potential vorticity.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/433


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Keyser, D.A., D.R. Johnson
Title:Effects of diabatic heating on the ageostrophic circulation of an upper tropospheric jet streak
Publication:NASA Contractor Report 3497, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
Abstract:Interaction between the mass circulation within a Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC) (Maddox, 1980) and a direct mass circulation in the entrance region of an upper tropospheric polar jet streak is examined
Location:1
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Record ID:41/434


Date:09/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lavoie, R.L.
Title:A numerical model of trade wind weather on Oahu
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 102, 630-637
Abstract:A single-layer mesoscale model, originally developed for the study of wintertime lake-effect storms, is applied to the airflow over the Island of Oahu, Hawaii Terrain effects, land roughness, island heating, and surface
Location:1
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Record ID:41/435


Date:07/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A.
Title:Large-scale meteorlogical conditions associated with midlatitude, mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1475-1493
Abstract:Objective analyses of composited meteorological conditions attending ten Mesoscale Convective Complexes (MCC) reveal a number of distinctive characteristics and important interactions with the large-scale environment
Location:1
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Record ID:41/436


Date:05/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ryan, B.
Title:Cold fronts research programme. Phase I: 24 November to 20 December 1980
Publication:Technical Report 46, CSIRO, Dept. of Science & Technology, Bureau of Meteorology
Abstract:None
Location:1
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Record ID:41/437


Date:09/01/1960
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sasaki, Y.
Title:Effects of condensation, evaporation and rainfall on the development of mesoscale distrubances: A numerical experiment
Publication:Tech. Report No. 5, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
Abstract:Solutions for a mesoscale numerical prediction model including the equations of motion and thermodynamics in the (x,z,t) coodinate system were obtained using the IBM 704
Location:1
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Record ID:41/438


Date:06/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Spangler, T.C.
Title:Dynaically induced meso-scale variations of the urband mixing layer depth
Publication:Report No. AR104, Dept. of Atmospheric Resources, College of Engineering, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY
Abstract:The dynamical effects of an urban surface on the airflow above it could be an important factor in meso-scale precipitation patterns.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/439


Date:05/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wippermann, F.
Title:The applicability of several approximations in meso-scale modeling - A linear approach
Publication:Contrib. to Atmospheric Physics, 54, 298-308
Abstract:A so-called characteristic equation (frequency equation) is derived, from which the vertical variation of the fields of atmospheric variables can be seen in the cases of different model assumptions
Location:1
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Record ID:41/440


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Martin, D.W., D.N. Sikdar
Title:A case study of west Atlantic cloud clusters: Part 2. Dynamic structure and environment
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1343-1369
Abstract:We describe the behavior, dynamics and setting of three cloud clusters.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/441


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(70) Tropical Cyclones/Hurricanes
Author:Chen, Y.L., Y. Ogura
Title:Modulation of convective activity by large-scale flow patterns observed in GATE
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1260-1279
Abstract:The primary goal of this study is to examine how rain events, basically of convective nature, observed during the GARP Atlantia Tropical Experiment (GATE) were modulated by large-scale flow patterns
Location:2
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Record ID:41/442


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Artz, R., R.A. Pielke, J. Galloway
Title:Comparison of the ARL/ATAD constant level and the NCAR insentropic trajctory analysis for selected case studies
Publication:Atmos. Env., 19, 47-63
Abstract:The following study is a comparison of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) isentropic trajectory model and the Air Resources laboratories Atmospheric Transport and Disperson (ARL/ATAD)
Location:2
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Record ID:41/443


Date:09/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Banta, R.M., C.L. Barker
Title:On the nowcasting of mountain-generated thunderstorm systems
Publication:Nowcasting II Symposium, Norrkoping, Sweden, 3-7 Sept. 1984
Abstract:Larger-scale conditions determine which mountain genesis regions are active in producing thunderstorms on a given day.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/444


Date:01/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:D.B. Boudra
Title:A numerical study describing regional modifications of the atmosphere by the Great Lakes
Publication:Ph.D. dissertation, The University of Michigan, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Ann Arbor, MI
Abstract:No abstract
Location:2
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Record ID:41/445


Date:12/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Boudra, D.B.
Title:A study of the early winter effects of the Great Lakes. I: Comparison of very fine scale numerical simulaitons with observed data
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 2507-2526
Abstract:Development of a framework for the study of the Great Lakes' effects on later fall-early winter cyclones and Arctic air masses has been initiated.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/446


Date:04/11/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brock, F.V., G.H. Saum
Title:Portable automated mesonet II
Publication:Preprints, Fifth symposium on meteorological observations and instrumentation, April 11-15, 1983, Toronto, Ontario, AMS, Boston, MA.
Abstract:None
Location:2
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Record ID:41/447


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A., K.M. Carpenter
Title:Frontiers five years on
Publication:Meteorol. Mag., 113, 282-288
Abstract:Five years have elapsed since FRONTIERS was first written about in the Meteorological Magazine.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/448


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A., B.W. Golding
Title:Mesoscale forecasting in the meteorological office: the way ahead?
Publication:Meteorol. Mag., 113, 302-313
Abstract:Two-companion papers in this issue have discussed the sort of mesoscale products that will become available if FRONTIERS and the mesoscale model are implemented operationally in the
Location:2
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Record ID:41/449


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Golding, B.W.
Title:The Meteorological Office mesoscale model: its current status
Publication:Meteorol. Mag., 113, 288-302
Abstract:A numerical forecast model with very fine resolution is being developed as a short-period forecast tool to give detailed guidance on local weather up to the day ahead.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/450


Date:09/10/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kessinger, C.J., J.W. Wilson, M. Weisman, J. Klemp
Title:The evolution of mesoscale circulations in a downburst-producing storm and comparison to numerical results
Publication:Preprints, 22nd Conf. on Radar Meteorology, 10-13 Sept. 1984, Zurich, Switzerland, AMS, Boston, MA, 58-63
Abstract:None
Location:2
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Record ID:41/451


Date:09/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., M. DesJardins, P.J. Kocin
Title:An interactive Barnes objective map analysis scheme for use with satellite and conventional data
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 22, 1487-1503
Abstract:An objective analysis scheme based on the Barnes technique and designed for use on an interactive computer is described
Location:2
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Record ID:41/452


Date:01/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., R.A. Pielke
Title:A numerical study of the airflow over irregular terrain
Publication:Beit. zur Physick der Atmos., 50, 98-113
Abstract:A hydrostatic, three-dimensional primitive equation model, which includes topography and a detailed boundary layer parameterization, has been developed to simulate the tropospheric flow over irregular terrain.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/453


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., M. Segal, R. Pielke
Title:Mesoscale modelling of wind energy over non-homogeneous terrain
Publication:Boundary-layer Meteorol., 31, 13-23
Abstract:The use of numerical mesoscale models for the evaluation of wind energy potential over non-homogeneous terrain is outlined, focusing on the following:
Location:2
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Record ID:41/454


Date:11/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., R.A. Pielke
Title:Numerical simulation of the airflow over Barbados
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 1392-1402
Abstract:A nonhydrostatic three-dimensional primitive equation model, which includes topography and detailed boundary layer parameterization has been developed to simulate the lower tropospheric flow over Barbados on synopticall undisturbed days.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/455


Date:08/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Martin, D.W., D.N. Sikdar
Title:A case study of Atlantic cloud clusters: Part 1. Morphology and thermodynamic structure
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 103, 691-708
Abstract:Ground based data from the Barbados Oceanogrphic and Meteorological Experiment (BOMEX) have been combined with satellite data in a study of the time changing cloud and thermodynamic structure of cloud clusters and their environment.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/456


Date:10/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McNider, R.T., R.A. Pielke
Title:Numerical simulation of slope and mountain flows
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 23, 1441-1453
Abstract:Early descriptive models of mountain-valley circulations indicated that the mountain flow (i.e, the along-valley, axis component out the the valley) is a true three-dimensional phenomenon.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/457


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Miller, M.J., M.W. Moncrieff
Title:The dynamics and simulation of organized deep convection
Publication:Mesoscale Meteorology- Theories, Observations and Models, D.K. Lilly and T. Gal-Chen, Eds., D. Reidel Publishing Company, 451-495
Abstract:The dynamical implications of certain observational models of deep convection are discussed.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/458


Date:09/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nickerson, E.C., E.L. Magaziner
Title:A three-dimensional simulation of winds and non-precipitating orographic clouds over Hawaii
Publication:NOAA Tech. Report ERL 377-APCL 39, NOAA, ERL, APCL, Boulder, CO, 35 pp.
Abstract:A mesoscale model is presented, designed with the capability of simulating moist, non-precipitating, three-dimensional flow over mountainous terrain.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/459


Date:12/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y., D. Portis
Title:Structure of the cold front observed in SESAME-AVE III and its comparison with the Hoskins-Bretherton frontogenesis model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 2773-2792
Abstract:A cold front which passed through the dense network of the SESAME-AVE (Severe Environmental Storms and Mesoscale Experiment-Atmospheric Variability Experiment) on 25-26 April 1979 was investigated.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/460


Date:11/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ookuchi, Y., M. Segal, R.C. Kessler, R.A. Pielke
Title:Evaluation of soil moisture effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2281-2292
Abstract:The current study provides an evaluation of thermally induced circulation over flat terraind ue to nonuniform horizontal distribution of soil moisture availablity.
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Record ID:41/461


Date:12/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Perkey, D.J.
Title:A description of preliminary results from a fine-mesh model for forecasting quantitative precipitation
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 1513-1526
Abstract:The purpose of this paper is two-fold; first, to document and present a limited-area, moist primitive equation model and, second, to give some preliminary results of experiments testing the sensitivyt of the model's quantitative precipitation forecasts to the initial hoizontal and vertical relative humidity distribution.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/462


Date:06/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Perkey, D.J., C.W. Kreitzberg
Title:A time-dependent lateral boundary scheme for limited-area primitive equation models
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 744-755
Abstract:Before high-resolution numerical models can be of use operationally, they must be restricted to a limited domain, thus necessitating lateral boundary conditions which allow the changes outside the limited domain to influence the results while not contaminating the forecast with spurious boundary-reflected energy.
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Record ID:41/463


Date:04/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Perkey, D.J., R.A. Maddox
Title:A numerical investigation of a mesoscale convective system
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 553-566
Abstract:On 25 April 1975, as part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Atmospheric Variability Experiment IV, frequent upper-air soundings were taken at eastern United States synoptic sounding sites.
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Record ID:41/464


Date:03/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., W.R. Cotton
Title:A mesoscale analysis over South Florida for a high rainfall event
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 343-362
Abstract:The meteorological data collected during the 1973 NOAA-EML Florida Area Cumulus Experiment was used to describe the mesoscale weather patterns on 4 August 1973
Location:2
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Record ID:41/465


Date:12/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., Y. Mahrer
Title:Representation of the heated planetary boundary layer in mesoscale models with coarse vertical resolution
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 2288-2308
Abstract:This paper uses a prognostic equation suggested by Deardorff for the growth of the planetary boundary layer to close the parameterization scheme for vertical turbulent mixing in the planetary boundary layer
Location:2
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Record ID:41/466


Date:06/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., M. Segal, R.T. McNider, Y. Mahrer
Title:Derivation of slope flow equations using two different coordinate representations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 1102-1106
Abstract:This paper examines two coordinate representations for slope flow models, one a rotatin of the coordinate axes, the other a generalized vertical coordinate transformation.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/467


Date:04/11/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pike, J.M., F.V. Brock, S.R. Semmer
Title:Integrated sensors for PAM II
Publication:Preprints, Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, April 11-15, 1983, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:None
Location:
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Record ID:41/468


Date:01/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Robitaille, F.E.
Title:Development and use of a MObile RawinSonde System
Publication:Atmospheric Sciences Report 77-1, Alberta Research Council, Edmonton, Alberta
Abstract:None
Location:2
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Record ID:41/469


Date:09/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Soong, S.T., Y. Ogura
Title:Response of tradewind cumuli to large-scale processes
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 2035-2050
Abstract:The two-dimensional slab-symmetric numerical cloud model used by Soong and Ogura (1973) for studying the evolution of an isolated cumulus cloud is extended to investigate the statistical properties of cumulus cloud which would be generated under a given
Location:2
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Record ID:41/470


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Maddox, R.A., D.J. Perkey, J.M. Fritsch
Title:Evolution of upper tropospheric featres during the development of a mesoscale convective complex
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1664-1674
Abstract:An intense mesoscale convective complex developed over the central Mississippi Valley during the night and early morning hours of 24 and 25 April 1975.
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Record ID:41/471


Date:01/01/1945
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hamilton, R.A., J.W. Archbold
Title:Meteorology of Nigeria and adjacent territory
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met.Soc., 71, 231-265
Abstract:This paper deals with the general meteorology of Nigeria and adjacent territory
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Record ID:41/472


Date:01/01/1967
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Holton, J.R.
Title:The diurnal boundary layer wind oscillation above sloping terrain
Publication:Tellus, XIX, 2, 199-205
Abstract:The role of thermal forcing in the diurnal oscillation of the planetary boundary layer wind above sloping terrain is investigated.
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Record ID:41/473


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kessler, R.C., D. Eppel, R.A. Pielke, J. McQueen
Title:A numerical study of the effects of a large sandbar upon sea breeze development
Publication:Arch. Met. Geoph. Biocl., Ser. A., 34, 3-26
Abstract:Two-dimensional numerical simulations of sea breeze development over a large sandbar on the North Sea coast of Germany are reported
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Record ID:41/474


Date:10/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mechoso, C.R., D.L. Hartmann, J.D. Farrara
Title:Climatology and interannual variability of wave, mean-flow interaction in the southern hemisphere
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2189-2206
Abstract:The climatology and interannual variability of wave-mean flow interaction in the Southern Hemisphere (20-280\deg S, 0-55 km) is described for the winter months of June-September based on a sample of four years, 1979-82.
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Record ID:41/475


Date:12/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Perkey, D.J.
Title:Prediction of convective activity using a system of parasitic-nested numerical models
Publication:NASA Contractor Report NASA CR-2761, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104
Abstract:A limited-area, three-dimensional, moist, primitive equation (PE) model is developed to test the sensitivity of quantitative precipitation forecasts to the initial relative humidity distribution
Location:2
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Record ID:41/476


Date:03/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:A three dimensional numerical model of the sea breezes over South Florida
Publication:Ph.D. dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University, Dept. of Meteorology, 135 pp.
Abstract:A three dimensional, shallow, hydrostatic, primitive equation model is used to describe the initiation and evolution of the sea breeze convergence zone over South Florida as a function of the surface heat and momentum fluxes and of the large scale synoptic forcing.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/477


Date:09/03/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., Pielke, R.A., Y. Mahrer
Title:Evaluation of surface sensible heat flux effects on the generation and modification of mesoscale circulations
Publication:Nowcasting II Symposium, 3-7 September 1984, Norkoping, Sweden
Abstract:Mesoscale thermal-induced circulations generated by horizontal gradients in surface characteristics as well as significant perturbations on land and sea breezes arnd mountain-valley winds due to substantial modifications in the thermal forcing are introduced in the current paper.
Location:2
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Record ID:41/478


Date:7/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Romero, R., C. Ramis, S. Alonso, C.A. Doswell III, D.J. Stensrud
Title:Mesoscale model simulations of three heavy precipitation events in the western Mediterranean region
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1859-1881
Abstract:A mesoscale numerical model with parameterizated moist convection is applied to three cases involving heavy rainfall in the western Mediterranean region.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/479


Date:08/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A., T.T. Warner
Title:Development of hydrodynamic models suitable for air pollution and other mesometeorological studies
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 1045-1078
Abstract:We describe the development of a general, predictive, hydrostatic meteorological model
Location:3
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Record ID:41/480


Date:11/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chin, D., H.D. Hamilton
Title:Synoptic analysis case 1: 1 March 1978 - 4 March 1978
Publication:AFGL-TR-78-0294, SASC, 6811 Kenilworth Ave., Suite 610, Riverdale, MD 20840
Abstract:The synoptic scale weather conditions over the continental United States for the period 1-4 March 1978 is documented in support of the Large Scale Cloud Systems Program.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/481


Date:01/18/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chin, D., H.D. Hamilton
Title:Synoptic analysis case 3: 23 February 1977 - 25 February 1977
Publication:AFGL-TR-79-0021, SASC, 6811 Keinlworth Ave., Suite 610, Riverdale, MD 20840
Abstract:The synoptic scale weather conditions over the continental United States for the period 23-25 February 1977 are documented in support of the Large Scale Cloud Systems Program.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/482


Date:02/12/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chin, D., H.D. Hamilton
Title:Synoptic anslysis case 4: 9 January 1977 - 10 January 1977
Publication:AFGL-TR-79-0045, SASC, 6811 Kinilworth Ave., Suite 650, Riverdale, MD 20840
Abstract:The synoptic scale weather conditions over the continental United States for the period 9-10 January 1977 are documented in support of the Large Scale Cloud Systems Program.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/483


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Curic, M.
Title:An example of a waveform of the frontal profile
Publication:Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl, Ser. A., 28, 187-193
Abstract:One theoretial approach indicates the conditions required for formation of a waveform of the frontal profile.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/484


Date:05/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Danard, M.
Title:A simple model for mesoscale effects of topography on surface wind
Publication:Mon. Wea. REv., 105, 572-581
Abstract:This paper describes a diagnostic, one-level, primitive equation model for computing mesoscale influences of orography, friction and heating on surface winds, given large-scale data from synoptic or prognostic charts.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/485


Date:12/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A., C.M. Bhumralkar
Title:Flow over a localized heat source
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 850-859
Abstract:A general theoretical model has been designed to analyze the properties of perturbation induced when air flows over an isolated warm portion of the earth's surface.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/486


Date:11/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A., C.M. Bhumralkar
Title:Further studies on flow over nonhomogeneous terrain
Publication:Research and Development Technical Report, ECOM-68G9-F, US Army Electronics Commands, Atmospheric Sciences Laboratory, Fort Huachuca, AZ
Abstract:A method for solving the non-linear three-dimensional steady-state equations which govern planetary boundary layer flow is described.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/487


Date:05/02/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., C.F. Chappell
Title:Numerical prediction of heavy convective rainfall from mesoscale weather systems
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Flash Floods: Hydrometeorological aspects, May 2-5, 1978, Los Angeles, CA
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/488


Date:05/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hillger, D.W., T.H. Vonder Haar
Title:MEsoscale temperature and moisture fields from satellite infrared soundings
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 249, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:The combined used of radiosonde and satellite infrared soundings can provide mesoscale temeprature and moisture fields at the time of satellite coverage.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/489


Date:06/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W.
Title:Interactive applications of satellite observations and mesoscale numerical models
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 57, 679-685
Abstract:This paper outlines a mesoscale forecast system that could be implemented within a few years in spite of relatively sparse direct observations
Location:3
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Record ID:41/490


Date:10/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W., D.J. Perkey
Title:Release of potential instability: Part II. The mechanism of convective/mesoscale interaction
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 1569-1595
Abstract:In part I the convective processes important during the relase of potential instability were described qualitatively and evaluated quantitatively in a parameterized cumulus model within a primitive equation model.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/491


Date:03/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W., D.J. Perkey, J.E. Pinkerton
Title:Mesoscale modeling forecasting and remote sensing research
Publication:AFCRL-TR-74-0253, Dept. of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104
Abstract:This report summarizes the results of a five-year project on light beam and laser (Rama scattering) remote sensing, cyclonic scale diagnostic studies and mesoscale numerical modeling and forecasting.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/492


Date:06/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lenschow, D.H., W.T. Pennell
Title:On the measurement of in-cloud and wet-bulb temperatures from an aircraft
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 102, 447-454
Abstract:Measurements of air temperature with an immersion thermometer from an aircraft are invariably affected by the increased temperature of the decelerated air in the vicinity of the element
Location:3
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Record ID:41/493


Date:05/02/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., C.F. Chappell
Title:Meteorological aspects of twenty significant flash flood events
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Flash Floods, May 2-5, 1978, Los Angeles, CA.
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/494


Date:03/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(78) Flash Floods & Extreme Precipitation
Author:Maddox, R.A., L.R. Hoxit, C.F. Chappell, F. Caracena
Title:Comparison of meteorological aspects of the Big Thompson and Rapid City Floods
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 375-389
Abstract:Analyses and description of the meteorological conditions that produced devastating flash floods in the Big Thompson Canyon on 31 July 1976 and in the Black Hills on 9 June 1972 are presented.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/495


Date:09/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., R.A. Pielke
Title:The effects of topography on sea and land breezes in a two-dimensional numerical model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 1151-1162
Abstract:A mathematical two-dimensional hydrostatic model has been employed for the study of mesoscale circulations which develop over a mountain barrier, a flat coastline and a mountainous coastline when the prevailing flow is zero.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/496


Date:11/29/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nappo, Carmen J., Jr.
Title:Horizontal variability of mesoscale winds over complex terrain
Publication:Preprints, Joint Conf. on Application of Air Pollution Meteorology, Nov. 29-Dec. 2, 1977, Salt Lake City, UT, 140-145
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/497


Date:12/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Paegle, J., D.w. McLawhorn
Title:Correlation of nocturnal thunderstorms and boundary-layer convergence
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 101, 877-883
Abstract:An analysis is made of 11 Great Plains nocturnal thunderstorm occurrences that have no obvious synoptic scale support
Location:3
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Record ID:41/498


Date:10/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Paegle, J., G.E. Rasch
Title:Three-dimensional characteristics of diurnally varying boundary-layer flows
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 101, 746-756
Abstract:Numerical models of three-dimensional, diurnally varying, boundary-layer flows are integrated to study the effect of fluctuating pressure graidents and eddy stresses within difference circulation systems
Location:3
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Record ID:41/499


Date:03/04/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Purdom, J.F.W., J.J. Gurka
Title:The effects of early morning cloud cover on afternoon thunderstorm development
Publication:Preprints, Fifth Conf. on Weather Forecasting & Analysis, March 4-7, 1974, St. Louis, MO, 246-250
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/500


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:The use of mesoscale numerical models to assess wind distribution and boundary-layer structure in complex terrain
Publication:Boundary-layer Meteorol., 31, 217-231
Abstract:Mesoscale models which can be used to assess wind and turbulent structure in complex terrain are overviewed
Location:3
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Record ID:41/501


Date:05/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wallace, J.M.
Title:Diurnal variations in precipitaiton and thunderstorm frequency over the conterminous United States
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 103, 406-419
Abstract:Hourly data on the frequencies of all types of precipitation events, heavy precipitaiton events, trace precipitation events, and thunderstorms for more than 100 stations in the United States were processed to generate statistics on the amplitude and phase of the diurnal and semidiurnal cycles at each station
Location:3
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Record ID:41/502


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walmsley, J.L.
Title:A three-dimensional mesoscale model of wind and turbulence in the planetary boundary layer. Part 3. Numerical Experiments with uniform and variable roughness
Publication:Report ARQL 8/79, Atmospheric Enviroment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:The formulation of a three-dimensional mesoscale boundary-layer model is reviewed.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/503


Date:12/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walmsley, J.L.
Title:A three-dimensional mesoscale model of wind and turbulence in the planetary boundary layer. Part 2. Test runs for horizontally homogeneous conditions
Publication:Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:The BLRD Model description is summarized.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/504


Date:11/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walmsley, J.L.
Title:A three-dimensional mesoscale model of wind and turbulence in the planetary boundary layer. Part 1. Model description for thermally neutral statification
Publication:Report ARQL-14/77, Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:This report describes the current stat of development of a three-dimensional mesoscale boundary layer model.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/505


Date:12/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walmsley, J.L.
Title:Advances in three-dimensional mesoscale modelling in the boundary layer research division
Publication:Report ARQL-76/4, Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview Ontario, Canada.
Abstract:This report documents progress to December 1976 in three-dimensional and time-dependent mesoscale numerical modelling for air quality studies
Location:3
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Record ID:41/506


Date:04/11/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wilson, F.W., Jr., M.J. Carpenter
Title:Portable automated mesonet: Real-time display capability
Publication:Preprints, Fifth Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, April 11-15, 1983, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/507


Date:04/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Young, G.S., R.A. Pielke, R.C. Kessler
Title:A comparison of the terrain height variance spectra of the Front Range with that of a hypothetical mountain
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1249-1250
Abstract:The one-dimensional terrain height variance spectra of the Front Range west of Boulder, Colorado, is compared with that of the hypothetical two-dimensional mountain used by several investigators in their modeling studies of downslope winds.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/508


Date:07/31/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J., A.H. Miller
Title:Aircraft penetrations of cumulonimbus clouds during GATE
Publication:Preprints, conf. on Cloud Physics and Atmospheric Electricity, 31 July - 4 August, 1978, Issaquah, Wa, 430-434
Abstract:None
Location:3
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Record ID:41/509


Date:06/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J., C. Gautier
Title:Mesoscale events within a GATE tropical depression
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 789-805
Abstract:A tropical deperession which intensified quite close to Dakar on 15 July 1974 was one the strongest weather systems investigated during the GATE field program.
Location:3
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Record ID:41/510


Date:06/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A.
Title:Numerical experiments on ring convection and efffect of variable resolution on cellular convection
Publication:Technical memorandum ERLTM-NHRL 86, ESSA Research Laboratories, National Hurricane Research Laboratory, Miami, FL
Abstract:Ring convection is studied with Ogura's shallow moist convection model
Location:4
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Record ID:41/511


Date:03/01/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brundidge, K.C., K.G. Cottell, D. Djuric, R.A. Perry, R.T. Song
Title:Project THEMIS. Prediction of environmental parameters
Publication:Research and Development Technical Report ECOM-0073-5, United States Army Electronics Commands, Fort Monmouth, NJ
Abstract:A brief review is given of the numerical procedures that have been developed for the study of convection in the atmosphere.
Location:4
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Record ID:41/512


Date:06/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jiusto, J.E., E.W. Holroyd, III
Title:Great Lakes snowstorms. Part 1. Cloud physics aspects
Publication:Research Report, Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York at Albany.
Abstract:None
Location:4
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Record ID:41/513


Date:05/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jiusto, J.E., D.A. Paine, M.L. Kaplan
Title:Great Lakes snowstorms. Part 2. Synoptic and climatological aspects
Publication:Research Report, Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York at Albany.
Abstract:None
Location:4
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Record ID:41/514


Date:07/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Long, P.E.
Title:Atmospheric sensing and prediction project
Publication:AFCRL-72-0401, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19104
Abstract:A study is made of the truncation error and stability of a number of finite difference advection/diffusion schemes.
Location:4
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Record ID:41/515


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Akiyama, T.
Title:A medium-scale cloud cluster in a Baiu front. Part I: Evolution process and fine structure
Publication:J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 62, 485-503
Abstract:Evolution process and fine structure of a medium-scale (~1000 km) cloud cluster developed over the western portion of the Baiu front (Continental China region) and propagated to the eastern portion (the Japan Islands and the Pacific) are investigated
Location:4
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Record ID:41/516


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Akiyama, T.
Title:A medium-scale cloud cluster in a Baiu front. Part II: Thermal and kinematic fields and heat budget
Publication:J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 62, 505-520
Abstract:Observation features and evolution process of a long-lived medium-scale cloud cluster have been analyzed in Part of the present paper.
Location:4
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Record ID:41/517


Date:08/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A.
Title:Tests of a mesoscale model over Europa and the United States
Publication:NPS 63-78004, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93940
Abstract:A total of 32 twenty-four-hour forecasts using a six-layer, 60-km mesh model have been run over western Europa and the eastern United States.
Location:4
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Record ID:41/518


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(45) Microphysics - Ice Phase
Author:Bennetts, D.A., P. Ryder
Title:A study of mesoscale convective bands behind cold fronts. Part I: Mesoscale organization
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 110, 121-145
Abstract:This paper reports observations made over the North Atlantic of a system of convective cloud bands found within the cold air behind an occluded front.
Location:4
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Record ID:41/519


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(45) Microphysics - Ice Phase
Author:Bennetts, D.A., P. Ryder
Title:A study of mesoscale convective bands behind cold fronts. Part II: Cloud and microphysical structure
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 110, 467-487
Abstract:This paper reports observations made over the North Atlantic of a system of convective cloud bands found within the cold air behind an occluded front
Location:4
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Record ID:41/520


Date:06/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ulanski, S.L., M. Garstang
Title:The role of surface divergence and vorticity in the life cycle of convective rainfall. Part I: Observation and analysis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 1047-1069
Abstract:The role of surface velocity fields in the formation, maintenance and decay of convective storms is examined using approximately 90 days of measurements in a densely instrumented network (600 km^2) in south Florida
Location:4
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Record ID:41/521


Date:08/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Warner, T.T., R.A. Anthes, A.L. McNab
Title:Numerical simulations with a three-dimensional mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 1079-1099
Abstract:Four numerical experiments are conducted using a mesoscale primitive equation model
Location:4
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Record ID:41/522


Date:06/19/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yamada, T.
Title:A three-dimensional numerical study of complex atmospheric circulations produced by terrain
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Sierra Nevada Meteorology, June 19-21, 1978, S. Lake Tahoe, CA, 61-67
Abstract:None
Location:4
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Record ID:41/523


Date:03/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yamada, T.
Title:A three-dimensional, second-order closure numerical model of mesoscale circulations in the lower atmosphere: Description of the basic model and an applicaiton to the simulation of the environmental effects of a large cooling pond
Publication:ANL/RER-78-1, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL
Abstract:This report presents a detailed description of a three-dimensional, mesoscale model of circulations in the lowest few kilometers of the atmosphere, the planetary boundary layer
Location:4
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Record ID:41/524


Date:8/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lelong, M.-P., T.J. Dunkerton
Title:Inertia-gravity wave breaking in three dimensions. Part I: Convectively stable waves.
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 15, 2473-2488
Abstract:The 3D breakdown of a large-amplitude, convectively stable inertia-gravity wave is examined.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/525


Date:8/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lelong, M-P., T.J. Dunkerton
Title:Inertia-gravity wave breaking in three dimensions. Part II: Convectively unstable waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 55, 15, 2489-2501
Abstract:The 3D breakdown of a large-amplitude, convectively unstable inertia-gravity wave is examined numerically as a function of primary-wave frequency and amplitude.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/526


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bennetts, D.A., M. Ouldridge
Title:An observational study of the anvil of a winter maritime cumulonimbus cloud
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 110, 85-103
Abstract:This paper reports on microphysical and dynamical measurements made from an aircraft in the anvil of a winter cumulonimbus cloud which grew in maritime air near the United Kingdom
Location:5
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Record ID:41/527


Date:06/01/1949
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brunk, I.W.
Title:The pressure pulsation of 11 April 1944
Publication:J. Meteorol., 6, 181-187
Abstract:Windstorms of 11 April 1944 were associated with the eastward movement of a large pulsation in pressure and strong easterly surface winds
Location:5
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Record ID:41/528


Date:10/16/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Caracena, F.
Title:A comparison of two downbursts of different meso scales
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Weather Forecasting and analysis and Aviation Meteorology, October 16-19, 1978, Silver Spring, MD. AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/529


Date:10/16/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Caracena, F., P.M. Kuhn
Title:Remote sensing thunderstorm outflow severity with an airborne in sensor
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Weather Forecasting and Analysis and Aviation Meteorology, October 16-19, 1978, Silver Spring, MD, AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/530


Date:07/31/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chappell, C.F., D.R. Smith, E.C. Nickerson
Title:Numerical simulation of clouds and snowfall over mountainous terrain
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Cloud Physics and Atmospheric Electricity, July 31-August 4, 1978, Issaquah, WA, AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/531


Date:12/01/1961
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clarke, R.H.
Title:Mesostructure of dry cold fronts over featureless terrain
Publication:J. Meteorol., 18, 715-735
Abstract:Serial pilot balloon flights, radiosonde and aircraft data in the vicinity of dry cold fronts and seabreeze fronts in summertime have made possible a clear view of the meso-scale structure of such phenomena.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/532


Date:06/01/1968
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A., C.M. Bhumralkar
Title:Theoretical studies of the atmospheric boundary layer
Publication:Research and Development Technical Report ECOM-67G2-F, US Army Electronics Command, Atmos. Sci. Lab., Fort Huachuca, AZ
Abstract:A two-dimensional time dependent numerical model of the atmospheric boundary layer is formulated and used to investigate various characteristics of air motion when a change occurs in roughness and/or temperature characteristics of the underlying surface
Location:5
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Record ID:41/533


Date:10/16/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., C.F. Chappell
Title:Numerical prediction of convectively driven mesoscale pressure systems
Publication:Preprints, conf. on Weather Forecasting and Analysis and Aviation Meteorology, October 16-19, 1978, Silver Spring, MD, AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/534


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., R.A. Maddox
Title:Cyclonic thunderstorm outflow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 87-89
Abstract:High-resolution visible imagery for the eastern GOES satellite is used to document a convectively driven mesoscale weather system which propagated against the mean atmospheric flow and produces an apparent spiraling anvil outflow.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/535


Date:09/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gannon, P.T., Sr.
Title:Influence of earth surface and cloud properties on the South Florida sea breeze
Publication:NOAA Technical Report ERL 402-NHEML 2, NOAA, ERL, NHEML, Coral Gables, FL
Abstract:A two-dimensional numerical sea breeze model that includes radiation and heat budget physics is used to study sea breeze ciculations affected by South Florida surface and cloud conditions
Location:5
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Record ID:41/536


Date:09/15/1947
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Haurwitz, B.
Title:Internal waves in the atmosphere and convection patterns
Publication:Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci., XLVII, 727-748
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/537


Date:02/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V., J.D. Locatelli
Title:Rainbands, precipitation cores and generating cells in a cyclonic storm
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 230-241
Abstract:The mesoscale organization and structure of precipitation in a cyclonic storm have been studied using satellite radar, airborne and ground measurements.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/538


Date:10/01/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Holroyd, E.W., III
Title:Lake-effect cloud bands as seen from weather satellites
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 28, -
Abstract:Satellite photographs of the TIROS and ESSA series were examined for the presence and dimensions of lake-effect clouds over the Great Lakes and Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/539


Date:12/01/1962
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hosler, C.L., L.G. Davis, D.R. Booker
Title:The role of orographic barriers of less than 3000 feet in the generation and propagation of showers
Publication:Report, The Mineral Industries Experiment Station, College of Mineral Sciences, The Pennsyvania State University, University Park, PA
Abstract:During the past three years, under NSF grant 6363, we have been engaged in investigating the influence of the topography of the central Appalachians upon the development, movement and dissipation of showers.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/540


Date:09/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr.
Title:A climatological study of vertical transports by cumulus-scale convection
Publication:J. Atmos. sci., 30, 1112-1123
Abstract:Cumulus-scale vertical transports of sensible heat and angular momentum are computed by a technique which uses detailed precipitation, measurements as basic input
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Record ID:41/541


Date:10/16/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hoxit, L.R., R.A. Maddox, C.F. Chappell
Title:On the nocturnal maximum of flash floods in the central and eastern U.S.
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Weather Forecasting and Analysis and Aviation Meteorology, Oct. 16-19, 1978, Silver Spring, MD, AMS, Boston, MA
Abstract:None
Location:5
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Record ID:41/542


Date:10/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hoxit, L.R., R.A. Maddox, C.F. Chappell, F.L. Zuckerberg, H.M. Mogil, I. Jones, D.R. Greene, R.E. Saffle, R.A. Scofield
Title:Meteorological analysis of the Johnstown, Pennsylvania, flash flood, 19-20 July 1977
Publication:NOAA Technical Report ERL 401-APCL 43, Atmospheric Physics and Chemistry Laboratory, Boulder, CO
Abstract:Synoptic and mesoscale analyses of the meteorological conditions that produced disastrous flash flooding in the Johnstown, PA, region on July 19-20, 1977, are presented.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/543


Date:01/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jiusto, J.E., M.L. Kaplan
Title:Snowfall from lake-effect storms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 100, 62-66
Abstract:Three years of winter lake-storm data were analyzed to determine snowfall distribution patterns downwind of Lake Erier and Lake Ontario
Location:5
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Record ID:41/544


Date:09/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Little, G.G.
Title:Prototype Regional Observing and Forecasting Service (PROFS)
Publication:Program Development Plan, NOAA, ERL, Boulder, CO
Abstract:The Prototype Regional Observing and Forecasting Service (PROFS) concept has the ultimate goal of providing the national with radically improved local scale weather services
Location:5
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Record ID:41/545


Date:07/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(78) Flash Floods & Extreme Precipitation
Author:Maddox, R.A., F. Caracena, L.R. Hoxit, C.F. Chappell
Title:Meteorological aspects of the Big Thompson flash flood of 31 July 1976
Publication:NOAA Technical Report ERL 388-APCL 41, NOAA, ERL, Boulder, CO
Abstract:Analyses and descriptions of meteorological conditions that produced the devastating flash flood in the Big Thompson Canyon on 31 July 1976 are presented.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/546


Date:09/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McNab, A.L., A.K. Betts
Title:A mesoscale budget study of cumulus convection
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 1317-1331
Abstract:Water and energy budgets are presented for four broad classes of summertime cumulus convection.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/547


Date:07/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:A model for predicting the movement of continuously propagating convective storms
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 1308-1317
Abstract:The predictions of propagation velocity made by a linear model of moist convective instability are compared with actual case studies of severe local storms
Location:5
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Record ID:41/548


Date:12/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Waight, K.T., III
Title:A numerical study of the Sierra Nevada barrier jet
Publication:Report No. AS 148, University of Wyoming, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Laramie, WY 82071
Abstract:Strong, persisent, low-level, mountain-parallel winds have frequently been observed on the windward side of major mountain ranges such as Brooks Range in Alaska and the Antarctic Peninsula.
Location:5
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Record ID:41/549


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Maddox, R.A.
Title:An objective technique for separating macroscale and mesoscale features in meteorological data
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 1108-1121
Abstract:An objective technique for qnatitative scale separation has been developed to study atmospheric circulations associated with large complexes of thundertstorms.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/550


Date:04/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Johnson, R.H.
Title:Diagnosis of convective and mesoscale motions during Phase III of GATE
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 733-753
Abstract:Observational evidence from GATE suggests that a significant fraction of precipitation in tropical disturbances over the eastern Atlantic occurs beneath anvil-type mesoscale convective systems that are fequently associated with intense cumulonimbus convection.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/551


Date:12/01/1968
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bonner, W.D.
Title:Climatology of the low level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 96, 833-850
Abstract:Geographical and diurnal variations in the frequency of occurrence of strong low level wind maxima are determined using 2 yr. of wind data from 47 rawinsonde stations in the United States
Location:6
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Record ID:41/552


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A.
Title:Air motion and precipitation growth in a major snowstorm
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 109, 225-242
Abstract:A mesoscale analysis of the snowstorm of 8-9 January 1982 has been carried out using data from the U.K. weather radar network, the geostationary satellite Meteosat and other more conventional sources.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/553


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Carpenter, K.M.
Title:An experimental forcast using a non-hydrostatic mesoscale model
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 105, 629-655
Abstract:A non-hydrostatic mesoscale model formulated by Tapp and White has been extended to include the effects of orography and the variation of the large-scale meteorological situation
Location:6
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Record ID:41/554


Date:04/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Estoque, M.A., J. Gross, H.W. Lai
Title:A lake breeze over southern Lake Ontario
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 386-396
Abstract:This paper describes a combined observational and theoretical study of a lake breeze over the southern shorn of Lake Ontario on 3 October 1972
Location:6
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Record ID:41/555


Date:08/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gambo, K.
Title:The instability of medium-scale disturbances in a moist atmosphere
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 54, 191-207
Abstract:The instability of medium-scale disturbances in a moist atmosphere is discussed comparing with the characteristics of medium-scale disturbances in a dry atmosphere.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/556


Date:06/01/0970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gambo, K.
Title:The characteristic feature of medium-scale disturbances in the atmosphere (I)
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 48, 173-184
Abstract:The stability of medium scale disturbances is dicussed in connection with the Rossby and Richardson numbers
Location:6
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Record ID:41/557


Date:08/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gambo, K.
Title:The characteristic feature of medium-scale disturbances in the atmosphere (II)
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 48, 315-330
Abstract:The stability of medium scale disturbances is discussed taken into account the latitudinal variation of the perturbations
Location:6
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Record ID:41/558


Date:01/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hazel, P.
Title:Numerical studies of the stability of inviscid stratified shear flows
Publication:J. Fluid Mech., 51, 39-61
Abstract:The infinitesimal stability of inviscid, parallel, stratified shear flows to two-dimensional distrubances is described by the Taylor-Goldstein equation
Location:6
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Record ID:41/559


Date:01/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kessler, E., D.Y. Alexander, J.F. Rarick
Title:Duststorms from the U.S. High Plains in late winter 1977--Search for cause and implications
Publication:Proc. Okla. Acad. Sci., 58, 116-128
Abstract:Views from artificial earth satellites show that the southwestern limit of sever dust storms in the U.S. during February and March 1977 coincided remarkably with the Texas-New Mexico border
Location:6
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Record ID:41/560


Date:12/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W., M.J. Leach, R.G. Rasmussen
Title:Convective precipitation prediction tests using a cumulus model
Publication:Final Report, Contract No. 5-35361, Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
Abstract:Tests were conducted on the feasibility of using the sequential plume comulus model with information from other National Weather Service forecast systems to predict summertime precipitation
Location:6
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Record ID:41/561


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lilly, D.K.
Title:The dynamical structure and evolution of thunderstorms and squall lines
Publication:Ann. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 7, 117-161
Abstract:None
Location:6
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Record ID:41/562


Date:01/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lindzen, R.S.
Title:Wave-CISK in the tropics
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 156-179
Abstract:CISK (Conditional Instability of the Second Kind) is examined for internal waves where low-level convergence is due to the inviscid wave fields rather than to Ekman pumping.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/563


Date:12/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lindzen, R.S., K.K. Tung
Title:Banded convective activity and ducted gravity waves
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 1602-1617
Abstract:Convective activity is frequently organized into band-like structures with space and time scales appropriate to internal gravity waves
Location:6
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Record ID:41/564


Date:05/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., L.R. Hoxit, C.F. Chappell
Title:Interactions between convective storms and their environment
Publication:NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO
Abstract:The ways in which intense convective storms interact with their environment are considered for a number of specific severe storm situations
Location:6
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Record ID:41/565


Date:10/10/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., T.H. Vonder Haar
Title:Covariance analyses of satellite-derived mesoscale wind fields
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 18, 1327-1334
Abstract:Statistical sturcture functions have been computer independently for nine satellite-derived, mesoscale wind fields that were obtained on two different days
Location:6
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Record ID:41/566


Date:03/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., C.F. Chappell
Title:Flash flood defenses
Publication:Water spectrum, Spring 1979, Vol. 11.
Abstract:None
Location:6
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Record ID:41/567


Date:06/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahrer, Y., R.A. Pielke
Title:A test of an upstream spline interpolcation technique for the advective terms in a numerical mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 818-830
Abstract:Upstream interpolation with a cubic spline is used to integrate the advective terms in a two-dimensional hydrostatic primitive equation model.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/568


Date:09/19/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Marks, F.D., Jr., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Three-dimensional wind field in the developing inner core of hurricane Debby
Publication:Preprints, 21st Conf. on Radar Meteorology, September 19-23, 1983, Edmonton, Alta, Canada, AMS, Boston, MA, 298-304
Abstract:None
Location:6
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Record ID:41/569


Date:12/01/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Matsumoto, S., K. Ninomiya
Title:III. Intermediate and meso-scale disturbance. On the mesoscale and medium-scale structure of a cold front and the relevant vertical circulation
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 49, 648-662
Abstract:Mesoscale and medium-scale structures of the Baiu front are studied for the case of July 8, 1969, on which special observations including aerial and ground-based mesoscale upper air soundings were being operated by
Location:6
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Record ID:41/570


Date:12/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Matsumoto, S., S. Yoshizumi, M. Takeuchi
Title:On the structure of the 'Baiu Front' and the associated intermediate-scale distrubances in the lower atmosphere
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 48, 479-491
Abstract:During the 4-day period of project observation, July 8-12, 1968, the 'Baiu Front' activity was prevailing almost steadily over the Far East.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/571


Date:05/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Orlanski, I.
Title:A rational subdivision of scales for amtospheric processes
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 56, 527-530
Abstract:Some atmospheric scale definitions are reviewed and a proposed new subdivision of scales that covers the entire spectrum is described
Location:6
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Record ID:41/572


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Philipp, C.B.
Title:Observation of progressive convective interactions from the rocky mountain slopes to the plains
Publication:Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 316
Abstract:Geosynchronous satellite data were employed for a climatological study of two summers' data and for a specific case study to observe convective interactions between the eastern slopes of the Colorado Rocky Mountains and plains of eastern Colorado and western Kansa.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/573


Date:11/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., Y. Mahrer
Title:Verification analysis of the University of Virginia three-dimensional mesoscale model prediction over South Florida for 1 July 1973
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 106, 1568-1589
Abstract:An improved version of the mesoscale model, originaly developed by Pielke (1974), is used to predict the sea breeze circulations over south florida for a synoptically undisturbed day during the summer of 1973.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/574


Date:12/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:Wave-CISK and convective mesosystems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 2392-2398
Abstract:With the CISK hypothesis (Convective Instability of the Second Kind), Charney and Eliassen (1964) and Ooyama (1964) introduced a simple means of handling the interaction between cumulus convection and larger scale flow.
Location:6
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Record ID:41/575


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sanders, F.
Title:Synoptic-scale forcing of mesoscale processes
Publication:Mesoscale Meteorology-Theories, Observations and Models, D.K. Lilly and T. Gal-Chen (Eds.), D. Reidel Publishing Co., 25-54
Abstract:None
Location:6
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Record ID:41/576


Date:06/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Silva Dias, M.F.
Title:Linearl spectral model of tropical mesoscale systems
Publication:Atmos. Sci. Paper. No. 311, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:The sensitivity of mesoscale features with respect to large scale tropical profiels of wind and temperature and to small scale parameterizations is investigated through a linear, spectral, non-hydrostatic model
Location:6
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Record ID:41/577


Date:01/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Weickmann, H.K.
Title:The modificaiton of Great Lakes winter storms
Publication:NOAA Tech. Report ERL 265-APCL 26, NOAA, ERL, Boulder, CO, 103 pp.
Abstract:In the Great Lakes region of the U.S.A., shallow but intensive winter storms form through a combination of cold continental air moving over large still-unfrozen and even warm water surfaces
Location:6
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Record ID:41/578


Date:9/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lee, T.-Y., Y.-Y. Park, Y.-L. Lin
Title:A numerical modeling study of mesoscale cyclogenesis to the east of the Korean peninsula
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 2305-2329
Abstract:Numerical simulations and the analysis of observational data are employed to understand the mesoscale cyclogenesis in a polar airstream that occurred over the sea to the east of the Korean peninsula on 28-29 January 1995.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/579


Date:8/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Feng, J., Y.-L. Chen
Title:Evolution of databatic flow on the island of Hawaii on 10 August 1990.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 2185-2199
Abstract:The data collected on 10 August 1990 from the Hawaiian Rainband Project were analyzed to study the evolution of katabatic flow.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/580


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Leary, C.A., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Melting and evaporation of hydrometeors in precipitation from the anvil clouds of deep tropical convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 669-679
Abstract:Five cases of horizontally uniform precipitation associated with anvil clouds were investigated using weather radar, rawinsonder, satellite and raindrop size data collected during the Global Atmospheric
Location:7
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Record ID:41/581


Date:7/1/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(51) Numerical Weather Prediction
Author:Fritsch, J.M., E.L. Magaziner, C.F. Chappell
Title:Analytical initialization for three-dimensional numerical models.
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 19, 80-818
Abstract:A technique for generating analytical initial conditions for three-dimensional numerical models is presented.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/582


Date:01/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bosart, L.F.
Title:New England coastal frontogenesis
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 101, 957-978
Abstract:New England coastal frontogenesis is investigated on the basis of individual and climatological case studies.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/583


Date:05/01/1968
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davis, L.G., R.L. Lavoie, J.I. Kelley, C.L. Hosler
Title:Lake effect studies
Publication:Final report, Penn State University, Dept. of Meteorology, University Park, PA
Abstract:Observational studies involving instrumented aircraft, radars, and special ground networks have been conducted near Lake Erie in order to describe the 'lake-effect' storm.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/584


Date:06/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V.
Title:Mesoscale structures in midlatitude frontal systems
Publication:Proc. IAMAP Symposium, Hamburg, 25-28 August 1981 (ESA SP-165)
Abstract:A review is given of observational studies of the dynamics, organization and structure of clouds and precipitation on the mesoscale in extratropical cyclones.
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Record ID:41/585


Date:09/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr.
Title:Structures of atmospheric precipitation systems: A global survey
Publication:Radio Science, 16, 671-689
Abstract:A survey of atmospheric precipitation systems, ranging from mid-latitude cyclones and thunderstorms to tropical cloud clusters, hurricanes, and monsoons, shows that all these systems are well described in terms of the rather traditional concepts of stratiform and convective precipitation.
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Record ID:41/586


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., G.S. Young, J.J. Toth
Title:Mesoscale weather effects of variable snow cover over northeast Colorado
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1141-1152
Abstract:Data from the PROFS (Program for Regional Observing and Forecasting Services) surface mesonetwork have been used to document the effect of variable snow cover on atmospheric boundary layer properties, cloudiness and weather conditions over northeast Colorado on 15 April 1983
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Record ID:41/587


Date:08/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McAnelly, R.L.
Title:Thunderstorm characteristics displayed with three-dimensional digital radar data and digital GOES infrared data
Publication:Texas A&M University, Dept. of Meteorology, College Station, TX, 127 pp
Abstract:Three-dimensional (3-D) digital 10-cm radar data and digital GOES infrared (IR) data for a 3-h period during a Southeast Texas squall line were examined.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/588


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y., Y.L. Chen, J. Russell, S.T. Song
Title:On the formation of organized convective systems observed over the eastern Atlantic
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 426-441
Abstract:Surface and upper air data gathered from a dense network of ship observaitons during the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) were analyzed to correlate the upward motion with organized cloud convection
Location:7
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Record ID:41/589


Date:12/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rao, K.S., H.F. Snodgrass
Title:Modeling the nocturnal drainage flows
Publication:ASCOT Report No. 80/5, Atmospheric Turbulence and Diffusion Laboratory, NOAA, Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Abstract:The evolution and structure of the steady state of an idealized nocturnal drainage flow over a larger uniformly-sloping surface are studies using a nonstationary model with height-dependent eddy diffusivity profile and specified cooling rate.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/590


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rice, R.B.
Title:Tracking a killer storm
Publication:Sailing Mag., 106-109
Abstract:None
Location:7
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Record ID:41/591


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ryan, B.F.
Title:A model to derive precipitation patterns and vertical velocities in large-scale rain systems
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 106, 201-212
Abstract:A simple model is propsed that enables a prediction to be made of precipitaiton patterns and vertical velocities from single-station serial ascents.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/592


Date:11/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schickendanz, P.T.
Title:The effect of irrigation on precipitation in the Great Plains
Publication:Final Report, Illinois State Water Survey, Univeristy of Illinois, Urbana, IL
Abstract:None
Location:7
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Record ID:41/593


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke
Title:A study of meteorological patterns associated with a lake confined by mountains -- the Dead Sea case
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 109, 549-564
Abstract:A planned project to generate hydroelectric power by carrying Mediterranean water into the Dead Sea has simulated a preliminary numerical model study of the regional meteorological patterns and the evaluation of some possible local climatic modifications
Location:7
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Record ID:41/594


Date:06/01/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sullivan, W.G., Jr., Severson, J.O.
Title:A study of summer showers over the Colorado Mountains
Publication:U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Environmental Science Services Administration, Weather Bureau, Kansas City, MO
Abstract:None
Location:7
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Record ID:41/595


Date:02/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tokioka, T.
Title:A stability study of medium-scale disturbances with inclusion of convective effects
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 51, 1-10
Abstract:The previous simple baroclinic model (Tokioka, 1970, 1971) is extended to include convective effects, i.e., convective heating and momentum exchange, and an attention is focused on the most unstable mode
Location:7
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Record ID:41/596


Date:12/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Walmsley, J.L.
Title:A three-dimensional mesoscale model
Publication:Report AQRC-80-014-L, Final Report, Atmospheric Environment Service, Downsview, Ontario, Canada
Abstract:The formulation of a three-dimensional hydrostatic model of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) is presented in detail.
Location:7
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Record ID:41/597


Date:10/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J.
Title:The role of organized unsaturated convective downdrafts in the structure and rapid decay of an equatorial disturbance
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 8, 799-814
Abstract:The Line Islands Experiment, conducted on and near Palmyra, Fanning and Christmas Islands during February-April 1967, produced extensive data on disturbances of the equatorial trough zone
Location:7
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Record ID:41/598


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J.
Title:Storm-Central Phase Preliminary Program
Publication:Report prepared by NCAR, Boulder, CO
Abstract:None
Location:7
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Record ID:41/599


Date:06/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:LeMone, M.A., G.M. Barnes, E.J. Zipser
Title:Momentum flux by lines of cumulonimbus over the tropical oceans
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1914-1932
Abstract:Examination of aircraft and rawinsonde data gathered in nine tropical mesoscale convective line cases indicates that all but two lines systematically increased front-to-rear
Location:8
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Record ID:41/600


Date:04/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(43) Mesoscale Tropical
Author:Leary, C.A., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:The contribution of mesoscale motions to the mass and heat fluxes of an intense tropical convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 784-796
Abstract:The existence of extensive precipitating anvile clouds in intense tropical convection suggests that vertical air motions associated with the anvil clouds play a significant role in the mass and heat budgets of these stystems.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/601


Date:02/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Fortune, M.
Title:Properties of African squall lines inferred from time-lapse statellite imagery
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 153-168
Abstract:Analysis of 48 h of time-lapse satellite imagery of a family of squall lines in Africa links the phenomena with a characteristic cloud cluster and with a wind field perturbation which is enhanced in
Location:8
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Record ID:41/602


Date:10/1/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kolev, I., O. Parvanov, B. Kaprielov, E. Donev, D. Ivanov
Title:Lidar observations of sea-breeze and land-breeze aerosol structure on the Black Sea
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 37, 982-995
Abstract:This paper describes results of a lidar study of sea-breeze behavior near Akhtopol in the southeastern corner of Bulgaria.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/603


Date:08/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Akiyama, T.
Title:Mesoscale pulsation of convective rain in medium-scale disturbances developed in Baiu front
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 56, 267-283
Abstract:Detailed features of heavy rainfalls in three medium-scale disburbances developed in Baiu front over the southwestern Japan islands have studied basing on time series of 10-min rainfall amounts and 3-radar PPI composite photographs.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/604


Date:01/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Betts, A.K., R.W. Grover, M.W. Moncrieff
Title:Structure and motion of tropical squall-lines over Venezuela
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 102, 395-404
Abstract:The characteristics of squal-lines observed during the second Venezuelan International Meteorological and Hydrological Experiment (VIMHEX-1972) are compared with the predictions of Moncrieff and Miller (1976).
Location:8
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Record ID:41/605


Date:08/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doneaud, A.A., S. Ionescu-Niscov, J.R. Miller, Jr.
Title:Convective rain rates and their evolution during storms in a semiarid climate
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1602-1612
Abstract:Rain rates and their evolution during summertime convective storms were analyzed for the semiarid climate of the northern High Plains.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/606


Date:07/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Grover, R.W.
Title:Characteristics of tropical squall-lines over Venezuela
Publication:Atmos. Sci. Paper No. 228, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 79 pp.
Abstract:The characteristics of fiftenn mesoscale storm systems observed during the 1972 Venezuelan International Meteorological and Hydrological Expriment were compared with the predictions of dynamic cumulonimbus and squall-line model
Location:8
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Record ID:41/607


Date:12/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.R.
Title:Numerical simulation of the effects of St. Louis on boundary layer airflow and convection
Publication:Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Geophysical Sciences, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 185 pp.
Abstract:In the present study, the University of Virginia mesoscale model was used to simulate the boundary layer airflow and convection over St. Louis, Missouri
Location:8
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Record ID:41/608


Date:02/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr.
Title:Cloud clusters and large-scale vertical motions in the tropics
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 60, 396-410
Abstract:The sensible heat budget of a large-scale area containing an idealized cloud cluster is analyzed.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/609


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:James, P.K., K.A. Browning
Title:Mesoscale structure of line convection at surface cold fronts
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 105, 371-382
Abstract:In this paper we consider 15 cases of line convection at ana-cold fronts, which have been observed by radar.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/610


Date:10/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W.
Title:Observing, analyzing, and modeling mesoscale weather phenomena
Publication:Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 17, 1852-1871
Abstract:Recent progress and current research in this field are placed in perspective, along with key problems to be addressed in the coming years.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/611


Date:09/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lavoie, R.L.
Title:A mesoscale numerical model of lake-effect storms
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1025-1040
Abstract:The atmospheric sturcture upwind of the Great Lakes during arctic air outbreaks is represented by three layers: a lower constant flux layer in contact with the ground, a well-mixed planetary boundary layer surmounted by an inversion, and a deep status of overlying stable air.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/612


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Marks, F.D., Jr., P.M. Austin
Title:Effects of the New England coastal front on the distribution of precipitation
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 53-67
Abstract:Precipitation patterns have been analyzed for six wintertime storms in New England where coastal fronts developed and for two without coastal fronts.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/613


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Matejka, T.J., R.A. Houze, Jr., P.V. Hobbs
Title:Microphysics and dynamics of clouds associated with mesoscale rainbands in extratropical cyclones
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 106, 29-56
Abstract:Measurements obtained with research aircraft in clouds associated with various types of mesoscale rainbands in extratropical cyclones have been examined together with radar data and other detailed measurements.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/614


Date:12/01/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K.
Title:Mesoscale modification of synoptic situations from thunderstorm development as revealed by ATS III and aerological data
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 10, 1103-1121
Abstract:Synopic and dynamic aspects of the development of the tornado-producing thunderstorms of 23 April 1968 were studied by combining convectional observation data with ATS III pictures, with special emphasis on the interaction between the thunderstorms and the large-scale field.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/615


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Oerlemans, J.
Title:A case study of a subsynoptic disturbance in a polar outbreak
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 106, 313-325
Abstract:A subsynoptic disturbance, occurring in an outbreak of polar air over northwestern Europe, is studied by using routine observational data.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/616


Date:09/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y., Y.L. Chen
Title:A life history of an intense mesoscale convective storm in Oklahoma
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 1458-1476
Abstract:A simple automated objective analysis scheme is developed to analyze upper air sounding data from the National Severe Storm Laboratory mesonetwork.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/617


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:Mesoscale numerical modeling
Publication:Adv. in Geophys., 23, 186-344
Abstract:None. Book chapter.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/618


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rasmussen, E.
Title:The polar low as an extratropical CISK disturbance
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 105, 532-549
Abstract:It is suggested that the polar low is basically a thermal instability phenomenon much akin to a small tropical cyclone.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/619


Date:01/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reed, R.J.
Title:Cyclogenesis in polar air streams
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 38-52
Abstract:Two case studies of cyclogenesis that occurred in polar air streams behind or poleward of major frontal bands are presented.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/620


Date:03/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Salmon, J.R., J.L. Walmsley, P.A. Taylor
Title:Development of a model of netrally stratified boundary layer flow over real terrain
Publication:Report AQRB-81-023-L, Atmospheric Environment Service, 4905 Dufferin St., Downsview, Ontario, Canada, 74 pp
Abstract:The preparation of digitized terrain height information for use in a model of boundary-layer flow over complex terrain is described
Location:8
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Record ID:41/621


Date:02/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y., Y. Ogura
Title:Boundary-layer forcing as a possible trigger to a squall-line formation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 235-254
Abstract:The study of the life history of the 8 June 1966 squall line by Ogura and Chen (1977) indicates that a well-defined narrow band of horizontal convergence was present at low levels prior to the appearance of first radar echoes.
Location:8
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Record ID:41/622


Date:07/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(37) Inadvertent Weather Modification
Author:Segal, M., R.A. Pielke
Title:Numerical model simulation of human biometeorological heat load conditions - summer day case study for the Chesapeake Bay Area
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 20, 735-749
Abstract:During the warm season the spatial and temporal bheavior of the biometeorological heat load in coastal regions is highly comples.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/623


Date:02/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Warner, C., J. Simpson, G. Van Helvoirt, D.W. Martin, D. Schuman, G.L. Austin
Title:Deep convection on Day 261 of GATE
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, 169-194
Abstract:Aircraft, radar, satellite and ship data, gathered on 18 September 1974 during GATE, have been brought to bear on clouds of the middle and upper troposphere
Location:9
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Record ID:41/624


Date:03/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Ogura, Y., M.T. Liou
Title:The structure of a midlatitude squall line: A case study
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 553-567
Abstract:On 22 May 1976 a well-organized squall line with a width of more than 100 km passed through the mesonetwork of the National Severe Storms Laboratory in central Oklahoma.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/625


Date:09/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Nicholls, M.E., R. Johnson
Title:A model of a tropical squall line boundary layer wake
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 41, 2774-2792
Abstract:A composite analysis has recently been made of the boundary layer associated with the squal line that moved through the GATE ship array on 12 September 1974.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/626


Date:02/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Gamache, J.F., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Mesoscale air motions associated with a tropical squall line
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 118-135
Abstract:composites of radar and wind observations in a coordinate system attached to a moving tropical squall-line confirm that such a squall system is composed of two separate circulation features:
Location:9
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Record ID:41/627


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Chang, C.B., D.J. Perkey, C.W. Kreitzberg
Title:A numerical case study of the squall line of 6 May 1975
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1601-1615
Abstract:Results of moist and dry fine-mesh (appox. 14 km) numerical simulations of the 6 May 1973 Omaha squall line are presented.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/628


Date:06/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Eisen, P.A.
Title:A mesoscale study of the Oklahoma squall line of 8 and 9 June 1966
Publication:M.S. Thesis, The Pennsylvania State University, Dept. of Meteorology, University Park, PA, 88 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:9
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Record ID:41/629


Date:09/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fankhauser, J.C.
Title:The derivation of consistent fields of wind and geopotential height from mesoscale rawinsonde data
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 13, 637-646
Abstract:With an attainable height resolution of no better than +/-10 m from individual soundings, direct analysis of geopotential height gradient from mesoscale rawinsonde ascents could not be expected to produce reliable results.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/630


Date:08/01/1959
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T.
Title:Precipitation and cold air production in mesoscale thunderstorm systems
Publication:J. Met., 16, 454-466
Abstract:This paper presents a proposed mechanism of cold air production associated with precipitation.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/631


Date:04/01/1955
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T.
Title:Results of detailed synoptic studies of squall lines
Publication:Tellus, VII, 405-430
Abstract:A system of synoptic analysis of a mesometeorological scale has been developed through the combined use of space and time section applied to all regular and special stations in an area 500 by 900 mi in the Central United States.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/632


Date:11/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hane, C.E.
Title:The squall line thunderstorm: numerical experimentation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1672-1690
Abstract:The structure and mechanism for maintenance of the Great Plains squall line thunderstorm are studied through formulation of a two-dimensional, time-dependent numerical model.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/633


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V.
Title:Scales involved in the formation and organization of clouds and precipitation
Publication:From Clouds: Their formation, optical properties, and effects, Academic Press, Inc., 1-14.
Abstract:The spatial and temporal scales involved in the formation and organization of clouds and precipitation range from the microphysical up to the planetary
Location:9
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Record ID:41/634


Date:12/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr.
Title:Structure and dynamics of a tropical squall-line system
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 1540-1567
Abstract:A tropical squall-line system which moved over the observational network of the Global Atmospheric Research Programme's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) was investigated using rawinsonde, weather radar, satellite, surface meteorological, acoustic sounder and cloud photographic data.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/635


Date:01/01/1970
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:List, R., E.P. Lozowski
Title:Pressure perturbations and buoyancy in convective clouds
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 27, 168-170
Abstract:None. From Notes and Correspondence
Location:9
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Record ID:41/636


Date:06/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A.
Title:The structure and life-cycle of midlatitude mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 336, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 310 pp.
Abstract:Enhanced infrared satellite imagery has been used to document the existence and frequent occurrence, over middle latitudes of the United States, of large,convectively driven weather systems.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/637


Date:05/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Martin, C.L.
Title:Numerical accuracy in a mesoscale meteorological model
Publication:Report No. UVA-ENV SCI-MESO-1981-2, Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903
Abstract:A sea breeze model is formulated in both a linear analytic form and a non-linear numerical form.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/638


Date:06/01/1963
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:National Severe Storms Project
Title:Environmental and thunderstorm structures as shown by National Severe Storms Project observations in spring 1960 and 1961
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 91, 271-292
Abstract:Some examples of National Severe Storms Project observations are described, showing certain typical structure of the mesoscale environment and of large thunderstorms in the Oklahoma-Kansas region.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/639


Date:03/01/1958
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Newton, C.W., Capt. S. Katz
Title:Movement of large convective rainstorms in relation to winds aloft
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 39, 129-136
Abstract:By means of hourly rainfall data from the Hydroclimatic Network, the motions of large rainstorms, of the kind associated with squall lines, are examined in relation to the winds aloft.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/640


Date:07/01/1962
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Newton, C.W.
Title:Dynamics of severe convective storms
Publication:National Severe Storms Project, Report No. 9, Kansas City, MO, 44 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:9
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Record ID:41/641


Date:04/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Payne, S.W., M.M. McGarry
Title:The relationship of satellite inferrred convective activity to easterly waves over West Africa and the adjacent ocean during Phase II of GATE
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 413-420
Abstract:SMS-1 infrared brightness was estimated subjectively for each 1 deg square for the area from the equator to 20 deg N latitude and from 10 deg E to 30 deg W longitude for Phase II of GATE and the previous interphase period at 6 h intervals
Location:9
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Record ID:41/642


Date:10/01/1971
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Reed, R.J., E.E. Recker
Title:Structure and properties of synoptic-scale wave disturbances in the equatorial western Pacific
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 28, 1117-1133
Abstract:A compositing technique is used to obtain the average structure of 18 disturbances which traversed an area in the equatorial western Pacific during the west season (July-September) of 1967.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/643


Date:11/15/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Roux, F., J. Testud, B. Pinty, J.-P. Chalon
Title:Dual-Doppler radar and surface network observations of a west-African squall line during the COPT 81 experiment
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Cloud Physics, Nov. 15-18, 1982, Chicago, IL, AMS, 547-550
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/644


Date:09/19/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Roux, F., J. Testud
Title:Pressure and temperature fields retrieved from dual Doppler radar observation of a west-African squall line
Publication:Preprints, 21st Conf. Radar Meteorol., 19-23 Sept. 1983, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 27-32
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/645


Date:02/01/1950
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tepper, M.
Title:A proposed mechanism of squall lines: the pressure jump line
Publication:J. Meteorol, 7, 21-29
Abstract:The squall line of 16 May 1948 in the area of the Cloud Physics Project, U.S. Weather Bureau micrometeorological network of weather recording stations near Wilmington, Ohio, is analyzed by means of one-minute synoptic maps, x-t diagrams and isochrone maps.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/646


Date:04/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Watson, A.I., R.L. Holle
Title:The relationship between low-level convergence and convective precipitation in Illinois and South Florida
Publication:Technical Report 7, Office of Weather Research and Modification, NOAA ERL, Boulder, CO, 67 pp
Abstract:The relationship between total area divergence and convective rainfall was examined using surface data collected during the VIN 1979 field experiment in Illinois.
Location:9
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Record ID:41/647


Date:11/01/1948
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Williams, D.T.
Title:A surface micro-study of squall-line thunderstorms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 76, 239-246
Abstract:None
Location:9
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Record ID:41/648


Date:00/00/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Augustynowicz, M., P. J. Flatau
Title:Numerical study of the sea breeze phenomena
Publication:Acta Geophysica Polonica, vol. XXIX, 121-126
Abstract:A two-dimesnsional non-hydrostatic model of the sea breeze phenomena is proposed. The integration is carried out for 30 hours, starting from the atmosphere at rest. The preliminary results of the model include the temperature and wind fields and characteristics of the sea breeze front.
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Record ID:41/649


Date:04/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doswell III, C. A.
Title:The Operational Meteorology of Convective Weather Volume II: Storm Scale Analysis
Publication:NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ESG-15, Boulder, 240 p.
Abstract:
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Record ID:41/650


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Doswell III, C. A.
Title:The Operational Meteorology of Convective Weather Volume I: Operational Meoscale
Publication:NOAA, Kansas City, 80 p.
Abstract:
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Record ID:41/651


Date:05/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hindman II, E. E., W. R. Cotton, L. O. Grant
Title:Middle-Latitude Convective Clouds: Concepts and Approaches for Beneficial Modification
Publication:Final Report, Wea. Mod. Program Office, ERL, NOAA, Boulder, 114 p.
Abstract:A small workshop conducted at Pingree Park, Colorado, 16-18 May 1979, identified concepts and approaches for the beneficial modification of middle-latitude convective clouds. In attendance were researchers with significant knowledge of and experience in the theory and practice of the modification of cumulus clouds.
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Record ID:41/652


Date:07/010/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R. H., J. J. Toth
Title:Topographic effects and weather forecasting in the colorado profs mesonetwork area
Publication:Ninth Conference on Weather Forecasting, Seattle, 6 p.
Abstract:Reports findings from preliminary analyses of surface data from the PROFS mesometeorological station network. It represents only an initial step toward a better understanding of local controls on weather in this region of Colorado.
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Record ID:41/653


Date:02/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Hobbs, P.V., P.O.G. Persson
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. Part V: The substrcture of narrow cold-frontal rainbands
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 280-295
Abstract:The organization and structure of a narrow cold-frontal rainband (NCFR) on the small mesoscale and the microscale have been investigated through quantitative radar reflectivity, Doppler radar observations, airbone observations and surface measurements. The NCFR
Location:11
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Record ID:41/654


Date:03/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McCarthy, J., S. E. Koch
Title:The evolution of an Oklahoma dryline. Part II: Boundry-layer forcing of mesoconvective systems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 238-257
Abstract:Data from the National Severe Storms Lab. surface mesonetwork are objectively analyzed to give insight into processes that contributed to the development of three tornadic mesoconvective systems near the 8 June 1974 Oklahoma dryline.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/655


Date:10/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Locatelli, J. D., P. V. Hobbs, J. A. Werth
Title:Mesoscale Structures of Vortices in Polar Air Streams
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1417-1433
Abstract:Thre vortices in a polar air stream are analyzed using detailed mesoscale observational synoptic data. In their mature stages, the vortices exibited wind, temperature and precipitation patterns similar to the larger extratropical cyclones that form on the polar front.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/656


Date:11/28/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lohmeyer, A., R. N. Meroney, E. J. Plate
Title:Model investigations of the spreading of heavy gases released from an instantaneous volume source at the ground
Publication:NATO.CCMS Int. Tech. Meeting on Air Pollution, Amsterdam, 15 p.
Abstract:Sudden release of a dense gas near the ground is accompanied by horizontal spreading caused by gravitational forces. Such clouds will drift downward from the source location at ground level, providing an opportunity for ignition if the gas is flammable or perhaps for acute toxic effects to life in its path.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/657


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(68) Tornadoes/Waterspouts
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., C.P. Cheng
Title:Inclusion of mesoscale updrafts and downdrafts in computations of vertical fluxes by ensembles of tropical clouds
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1751-1770
Abstract:Ensembles of convective clouds, especially in the tropics, often have widespread precipitating anvils associated with their deeper convective clouds.
Location:11
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Record ID:41/658


Date:09/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(37) Inadvertent Weather Modification
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.R.
Title:Numerical simulation of the effects of St. Louis on mesoscale boundary-layer airflow and vertical air motion: Simulations of urban vs. non-urban effects
Publication:J. Appl. Meteor., 21, 1239-1257
Abstract:A three-dimensional mesoscale computer model is used to assess the importance of urban effects, relative to non-urban effects, on mesoscale boundar-layer vertical air motiona nd on the hgieht of the boundary layer downwind
Location:11
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Record ID:41/659


Date:07/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Gamache, J.F., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Water budget of a mesoscale convective system in the tropics
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 1835-1850
Abstract:A squall-line cloud cluster observed in the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) is studied as an example of a mesoscale convective system in the tropics.
Location:11
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Record ID:41/660


Date:06/07/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lemon, L. R., C. A. Doswell III
Title:Sever Thunderstorm Evolution and Mesocyclone Strucrture as Related to Tornadogenesis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1184-1197
Abstract:Severs thunderstorm evolution is systhesized uding published and unpublished studies of radar, instrumented aircraft, vusual and surface observations
Location:10
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Record ID:41/661


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bennetts, D.A., J.C. Sharp
Title:The relevance of conditional symmetric instability to the prediction of mesoscale frontal rainbands
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 108, 595-602
Abstract:This paper examines the theory of Conditional symmetric Instability (Bennetts and Hoskins 1979) and considers its relevance to meso-scale frontal rainbands.
Location:11
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Record ID:41/662


Date:11/30/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Brock, F.V., J. Wilson
Title:MECCA: A portable system for real-time acquisition and display of field data
Publication:Preprints, 20th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 1981, Boston, MA, AMS, 700-703
Abstract:None
Location:11
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Record ID:41/663


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fernandez, W.
Title:Environmental conditions and structure of some types of convective mesosystems observed over Venezuela
Publication:Arch. Met. Geoph. Biokl., Ser. A., 29, 249-267
Abstract:A classification of storms in squall lines, thunderstorm clusters, and isolated thunderstorms was made using radar data collected during the second phase of the Venezuelan International Meteorological and Hydrological Experiments (VIMHEX-1972).
Location:11
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Record ID:41/664


Date:02/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Garstang, M., P.D. Tyson, and G.D. Emmitt
Title:The structure of heat islands
Publication:Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 13, 139-165
Abstract:Cities as well as ocean islands create mesoscale circulations in the atmosphere on a horizontal scale closely related to the size of the city or island
Location:11
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Record ID:41/665


Date:11/30/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gamache, J.F., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:The water budget of a tropical squall-line system
Publication:Preprints, 20th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 1981, Boston, MA, AMS, 346-352
Abstract:None
Location:11
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Record ID:41/666


Date:11/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., A.K. Betts
Title:Convection in GATE
Publication:Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 19, 541-576
Abstract:The difficult problem of parameterizing tropical convection in large-scale models of the atmosphere led to the Global Atmospheric Resarch Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE), whose goal was to improve basic understanding of tropical convection and its role in the global atmospheric circulation.
Location:11
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Record ID:41/667


Date:07/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., S.G. Geotis, F.D. Marks, Jr., D.D. Churchill, P.H. Herzegh
Title:Comparison of airborne and land-based radar measurements of precipitation during winter MONEX
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 20, 772-783
Abstract:The first quantitative test of the lower fuselage radar on the NOAA WP-3D aircraft was obtained during the Winter Monsoon Experiment (Winter MONEX).
Location:11
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Record ID:41/668


Date:04/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McCumber, M.C.
Title:A numerical simulation of the influence of heat and moisture fluxes upon mesoscale circulations
Publication:Report No. UVA-ENV SCI-MESO-1980-2, Dept. of Environmental Sciences, Univesity of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, 255 pp
Abstract:Sensible and latent heat fluxes at the ground surface are often parameterized in mesosclae numerical models using a simple slab approach
Location:11
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Record ID:41/669


Date:06/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y.
Title:A modeling study of mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Proc., symp. on Mesoscale Modeling, June 1-2, 1982, Norman, OK.
Abstract:None
Location:11
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Record ID:41/670


Date:04/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sienkiewicz, M.E., J.R. Scoggins
Title:Moisture processes accompanying convective activity
Publication:NASA CR-3542, Texas A-M University, College Station, TX 77843, 95 pp.
Abstract:A moisture budget analysis was performed on data collected during the AVE VII (2-3 May 1978) and AVE-SESAME I (10-11 April 1979) experiments
Location:11
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Record ID:41/671


Date:03/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Taylor, W.L.
Title:1981 spring program summary
Publication:NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL NSSL-93, NOAA, National Severe Storms Laboratory, Norman, OK, 97 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:11
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Record ID:41/672


Date:11/15/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, P.Y., P.V. Hobbs, D.B. Parsons
Title:A case study of wavelike rainbands in a midlatitude cyclone
Publication:Preprints, Conf. on Cloud Physics, Nov. 15-18, 1982, Chicago, IL, AMS, 457-460.
Abstract:None
Location:11
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Record ID:41/673


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Meitin, J.
Title:1984 airborne investigations of mesoscale convective systems (AIMCS): Operational summary and data inventory
Publication:NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ESG-9, Environmental Sciences Group, NOAA/WRP, Boulder, CO,74 pp.
Abstract:The Airborne Investigations of Mesoscale Convective Systems (AIMCS) Program-1984 is summarized; type, amount, and frequency are listed for the data obtained.
Location:11
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Record ID:41/674


Date:09/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lemon, L.R., C.A. Doswell, III
Title:Severe thunderstorm evolution and mesocyclone structure as related to tornadogenesis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 107, 1184-1197
Abstract:Severe thunderstorm evolution is synthesized, using published and unpublished studies of radar, instrumented aircraft, visual and surface observations.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/675


Date:04/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nicholls, M.E., R.H. Johnson
Title:Observations and modeling of the boundary layer accompanying a tropical squall line
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 366, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 113 pp.
Abstract:A composite analysis has been recently made of the boundary layer associated with the squall line that moved through the GATE ship array on the 12 September 1974, (Johnson and Nicholls, 1982).
Location:10
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Record ID:41/676


Date:11/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., E. Kennedy
Title:Mesoscale terrain features
Publication:Report No. UVA-ENV SCI-MESO-1980-1, Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, 19 pp.
Abstract:A methodology to analyze mesoscale terrain features is presented and examples are given for a portion of west-central Virginia.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/677


Date:08/17/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:The use of mesoscale meteorological and climatological information in nowcsating and short-range prediction
Publication:Proc., 3rd Scientific Assembly, Int. Assoc. of Meteor. and Atmos. Phys., 17-28 Aug. 1981, 1-7.
Abstract:Mesoscale atmospheric phenomena can be defined as those circulations which have horizontal scales large enough to be essentially in hydrostatic balance yet small enough so that the system subtantially deviates from gradient wind balance above the planetary boundary layer.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/678


Date:06/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:An overview of our current understanding of the physical interactions between the sea- and land-breeze and the coastal waters
Publication:Ocean Management, 6, 87-100
Abstract:This paper overviews the modes of interaction between coastal waters and the sea- and land-breeze circulations.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/679


Date:11/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bader, D.C.
Title:Mesoscale boundary layer development over moutainous terrain
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 396, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
Abstract:The diurnal evolution of the mesoscale boundary layer (~50 km) over gently sloping terrain upwind of a high mountain barrier is described using both observational data and results.
Location:10
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Record ID:41/680


Date:10/20/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ackerman, S.A., S.K. Cox
Title:The Saudi Arabian heat low: Aerosol distributions and thermodynamic structure
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 87, 8991-9002
Abstract:Radiation and microphysical data are employed to deduce the bulk radiative and microphysical characteristics of the aerosol layer over the Saudi Arabian Peninsula and the adjacent Arabian Sea
Location:12
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Record ID:41/681


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blanchard, D.O., R.E. Lopez
Title:Variability of the convective field pattern in South Florida and its relationship to the synoptic flow
Publication:NOAA Tech. Memo. ERL ESG-4, NOAA/ERL, Environmental Sciences Group, Boulder, CO, 77 pp
Abstract:Although they are a fairly consistent feature, the sea-breeze and lake-breeze convergence lines and the associated convection over south Florida during the summer may vary considerably from day-to-day.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/682


Date:06/08/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barnes, A.A., Jr., I.D. Cohen, Capt., D.W. McLeod
Title:Investigations of large scale storm systems final report
Publication:AFGL-TR-82-00169, Environmental Research Papers No. 779, AFGL, hanscom AFB, MA 01731, 44 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:12
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Record ID:41/683


Date:03/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fennimore, R.L., Jr.
Title:Analysis of the Lake (Michigan) effect of 11 November 1977 using the stage model of planetary boundary layer modification
Publication:UCHI-CPL-84-59, The University of Chicago, Dept. of the Geophysical Sciences, Chicago, IL, 56 pp
Abstract:This paper describes how the Stage model was used to separate the effect of Lake Michigan and that of the large-scale environment on the weather observed in the Lake Michigan region on 11 November 1977.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/684


Date:08/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Herzegh, P.H., P.V. Hobbs
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. IV: Vertical air motions and microphysical structures of prefrontal surge clouds and cold-frontal clouds
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 1771-1784
Abstract:The vertical air motions and microphysical structures of the clouds associated with two mesoscale precipitation systems in the Pacific Northwest are examined using rawinsonde, aircraft and vertically pointing Doppler radar data
Location:12
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Record ID:41/685


Date:09/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., G.S. Young
Title:Heat and moisture budgets of tropical mesoscale anvil clouds
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2138-2147
Abstract:An analysis of the heat and moisture budgets of tropical mesoscale anvil clouds has been carried out.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/686


Date:02/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., M.E. Nicholls
Title:A composite analysis of the boundary layer accompanying a tropical squall line
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 308-319
Abstract:Rawinsonde data from the GARP Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) have been used to prepare a composite of the boundary layer associated with a tropical squall line of 12 September 1974.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/687


Date:09/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., J.J. Toth
Title:A climatology of the July 1981 surface flow over northeast Colorado
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 342, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 52 pp
Abstract:Surface wind data from 20 Prototype Regional Observing and Forecasting Service (PROFS) surface mesonetwork stations have been analyzed for the month of July 1981 to determine characteristic flow patterns over northeast Colorado.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/688


Date:07/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kelly, R.D.
Title:A single Doppler radar study of horizontal-roll convection in a lake-effect snow storm
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1521-1531
Abstract:The boundary-layer structure and circulation over Lake Michigan were probed with a Doppler radar and an aircraft during a lake-effect snow storm on 9 December 1978
Location:12
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Record ID:41/689


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mizzi, A.P., R.A. Pielke
Title:A numerical study of the mesoscale atmospheric circulation observed during a coastal upwelling event on 23 August 1972. Part I: Sensitivity studies
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 76-90
Abstract:A numerical model is used to study the effect of an ocean surface temperature gradient on the mesoscale atmospheric circulation
Location:12
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Record ID:41/690


Date:11/30/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parsons, D.B., P.V. Hobbs
Title:Origins, behaviors, and interactions of mesoscale rainbands in extratropical cyclones
Publication:Preprints, 20th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Nov. 30-Dec. 3, 1981, Boston, MA, 623-628
Abstract:None
Location:12
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Record ID:41/691


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Phillips, N.A.
Title:The nested grid model
Publication:NOAA Technical Report NWS 22, National Meteorological Center, Silver Spring, MD, 80 pp
Abstract:The nested grid model (NGM) consists of a stereographic hemispheric grid with the option of one or two interior rectangular grids, each of successively small area and finer horizontal resolution.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/692


Date:03/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., R.T. McNider, M. Segal, Y. Mahrer
Title:The use of a mesoscale numerical model for evlauations of pollutant transport and diffusion in coastal regions and over irregular terrain
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 64, 243-249
Abstract:A modelling approach is presented that appears to have the potential to provide reliable assessments of pollution concentration in coastal zones and complex terain, where the assumptions behind current operational air quality models often are inadequate.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/693


Date:09/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pinty, B., R.G. Soulage
Title:Observation of a variable northerly wind component in the African monsoon layer
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1886-1890
Abstract:This note describes low-level observations obtained during WAMEX from an instrumented DC-7 aircraft.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/694


Date:03/05/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Richard, E.
Title:Parametrisation de la microphysique des nuages en phase mixte dans un modele tridemsionnel a mesoechelle
Publication:Ph.D. thesis, a L'Universite de Clermont II
Abstract:entire thesis in french
Location:12
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Record ID:41/695


Date:05/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sardie, J.M., T.T. Warner
Title:A numerical study of the development mechanisms of polar lows
Publication:Tellus, 37A, 460-477
Abstract:Two well-documented polar lows, one occurring in the Atlantic Ocean and the other in the Pacific Ocean, are modeling numerically.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/696


Date:01/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schoenberger, L.M.
Title:The evolution of Lake effect snow structures (Lake Michigan, 11 January 1981)
Publication:UCHI-CPL-83-57, The University of Chicago, Dept. of Geophysical Sciences, Chicago, IL, 45 pp
Abstract:This technical note is based on a thesis which details the evolution and characteristics of lake effect snow structures over Lake Michigan on 11 January 1981.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/697


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., Y. Mahrer, R.A. Pielke
Title:On some meteorological patterns in the Dead Sea area during advective sharav situations
Publication:Israel J. Earth Sci, 33, 76-83
Abstract:Wind, temperature and moisture fields, as well as evaporation rates for the advective sharav condition, were simulated along the Dead Sea region.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/698


Date:08/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Shapiro, M.A.
Title:Mesoscale weather systems of the central United States
Publication:Research report, Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), NOAA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, 78 pp
Abstract:This document presents a review of observations and theory of selected mesoscale phenomena which occur within, but are not necessarily exclusive to, the central region of the United States.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/699


Date:06/06/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sinclair, P.C., J.F.W. Purdom
Title:Shuttle recovery requirements and the development of arc cloud lines from thundestorm outflows
Publication:Preprints, Ninth conf on Aerospace and aeronautical meteorlogy, June 6-9, 1983, Omaha, NE, AMS, 287-292
Abstract:None
Location:12
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Record ID:41/700


Date:12/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Townsend, T.L., J.R. Scoggins
Title:The influence of convective activity on the vorticity budget
Publication:NASA Contractor report 3752, Texas A and M University, Dept. of Meteorology, College Station, TX, 112 pp
Abstract:The influence of convective activity on the vorticity budget was determined during the AVE VII and AVE-SESAME I periods.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/701


Date:12/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q., J.H.E. Clark
Title:The nature of symmetric instability and its similarity to convective and inertial instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2880-2883
Abstract:It is shown that there exists a local similarity among SI (symmetric instability), BI (buoyancy or convective instability) and II (inertial instability) even for for fully nonlinear viscous motion.
Location:12
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Record ID:41/702


Date:01/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Sun, W.Y.
Title:Rainbands and symmetric instability
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 3412-3426
Abstract:A linearized two-dimensional model was used to study the formation and evolution of the rainbands which produce an intense precipitation along the Baiu front over Eastern Asia during spring and summer
Location:13
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Record ID:41/703


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
(9) Atmospheric Measurement
Author:Knupp, K.R., W.R. Cotton
Title:Internal structure of a small mesoscale convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 629-645
Abstract:This paper utilizes experimental data from a multiple Doppler radar and surface mesoscale network to describe the ecolution and structure of a small, isolated, mesoscale convective system over the South Park region of Colordo
Location:13
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Record ID:41/704


Date:05/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(64) Severe Storms
Author:Bradberry, J.S.
Title:Mesoscale structure of an Oklahoma squall line.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 109, 1110-1117 (Notes)
Abstract:A squall line, which passed through the National Severe Storms Laboratory mesonetwork in Oklahoma on 26 April 1969, is analyzed to determine the mesoscale structure.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/705


Date:10/17/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bartels, D.L., A.A. Rockwood
Title:Internal structure and evolution of a dual mesoscale convective complex
Publication:Preprints, Fifth Conf. on Hydrometeorology, Oct. 17-19, 1983, Tulsa, OK, 97-102
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/706


Date:03/01/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bonner, W.D.
Title:Case study of thunderstorm activity in relation to the low-level jet
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 94, 167-178
Abstract:The relationship between the low-level jet and thunderstorm activity in the south-central United States is examined through mesoanalysis of surface data from Weather Bureau and NSSP stations
Location:13
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Record ID:41/707


Date:01/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cerasoli, C.P.
Title:Experiments on buoyant-parcel motion and the generation of internal gravity waves
Publication:J. Fluid Mech., 86, 247-271
Abstract:Laboratory experiments were conducted to study the motion of miscible buoyant fluid parcels in both homogeneous and stratified media, and were complemented with numerical experiments using the model of Orlanski and Ross (1973).
Location:13
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Record ID:41/708


Date:08/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dickerson, M.H., P.H. Gudiksen
Title:Atmospheric studies in complex terrain technical progress report FY-1979 through FY-1983
Publication:UCID-19851 ASCOT 84-1, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Livermore, CA 94550, 367 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/709


Date:12/01/1969
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dirks, R.A.
Title:A theoretical investigation of convective patterns in the lee of the Colorado Rockies
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 154, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 120 pp
Abstract:The western Great Plains are observed to be the formation region for many of the summer convective systems in the central United States.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/710


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Howard, K., R. Maddox
Title:Precipitation characteristics of two mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Preprints, 5th Conf. on Hydrology, October 1983, Tulsa, OK.
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/711


Date:10/21/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hoxit, L.R., C.F. Chappell
Title:An analysis of the mesoscale circulations which produced the April 3, 1974 tornadoes in northern Indiana
Publication:Preprints, Ninth Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Oct. 21-23, 1974, Norman, OK, 256-263
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/712


Date:06/03/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., C.A. Leary
Title:A possible cooperative instability mechanism for the growth of tropical mesoscale convection
Publication:Preprints, 1st Conf. on Mesoscale Meteorology, May 31 - June 3, 1983, Norman, OK
Abstract:During the December 1978 field phase of the International Winter Monsoon Experiment (Winter MONEX), a regular diurnal cycle of mesoscale convective activity occurred over the South China Sea just to the north of Borneo.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/713


Date:12/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnston, B.W.
Title:The kinematic structure of cold frontal rainbands
Publication:Report No. AS 146, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071, 129 pp
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/714


Date:05/10/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lewis, J.M., S.C. Bloom, J.D. Gray
Title:Organization of a prefrontal squall line by mesoscale processes
Publication:Preprints, Sixth conf. on Weather Forecasting and Analysis, May 10-13, 1976, Albany, NY, AMS, 213-220
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/715


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., K.W. Howard
Title:Simultaneous radar and satellite depictions of mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Preprints, Fifth Conf. on Hydrometeorology, Oct. 1983, Tulsa, OK.
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/716


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R., D. Rodgers, K. Howard, B. Heckman, N. Johnston, M. Mathews
Title:An experiment in forecasting mesoscale convective weather systems
Publication:Preprints, 13th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, October 1983, Tulsa, OK
Abstract:None
Location:13
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Record ID:41/717


Date:10/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Orlanski, I., B.B. Ross
Title:The circulation associated with a cold front. Part I: Dry case
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 1619-1633
Abstract:The transient behavior of an idealized dry frontal system is investgated using a two-dimensional numerical model
Location:13
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Record ID:41/718


Date:09/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Orlanski, I.
Title:Trapeze instability as a source of internal gravity waves. Part I
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 30, 1007-1016
Abstract:We can identify the diurnal oscillation of the atmospheric boundary layer as an important source of mesoscale internal gravity waves in the lower atmosphere
Location:13
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Record ID:41/719


Date:02/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sanders, F., K.A. Emanuel
Title:The momentum budget and temporal evolution of a mesoscale convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 34, 322-330
Abstract:The momentum budget and temporal evolution of a convective mesosystem, originally investigated by Sanders and Paine (1975), are examined.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/720


Date:08/01/1959
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sasaki, Y.
Title:A numerical experiment of squal-line formation
Publication:J. Meteorol., 16, 347-353
Abstract:The formation of a prefrontal squall line is studied, based on a numerical method of solving the modified equation of motion, continuity (mass and moisture content), and thermodynamics simultaneously.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/721


Date:06/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Whiteman, C.D.
Title:Breakup of temperature inversions in Colorado mountain valleys
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 328, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, 250 pp
Abstract:Tethered balloon observations of temperature inversion breakup have been collected in seven deep Colorado mountain valleys on clear undisturbed weather days in all seasons.
Location:13
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Record ID:41/722


Date:09/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Zhang, D.L., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Numerical simulation of the meso-beta scale structure and evolution of the 1977 Johnstown Flood. Part I: Model description and verification
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 1913-1943
Abstract:The Pennsylvania State University/NCAR mesoscale model, originally developed by Anthes and Warner, is modified to simulate the meso-beta scale structure and evolution of convectively driven
Location:14
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Record ID:41/723


Date:07/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Rutledge, S.A.
Title:A diagnostic modeling study of the stratiform region associated with a tropical squall line
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 1356-1377
Abstract:Wind and thermodynamic data analyzed in the stratiform region of a tropical squall line have been combined with a kinematic, three-dimensional cloud model to study the precipiation processes in this region.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/724


Date:06/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(64) Severe Storms
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:A wave-CISK model of squall lines
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1946-1958
Abstract:The wave-CISK model of Raymond incorporating lag effects in the updraft and downdraft is implemented as an initial value problem in physical space
Location:14
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Record ID:41/725


Date:05/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Orlanski, I., B.B. Ross
Title:The evolution of an observed cold front. Part II: Mesoscale dynamics
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1669-1703
Abstract:A detailed analysis is made of a three-dimensional numerical simulation of the evolution of an observed moist frontal system over a 48 h period. The simulated front undergoes an initial period of frontogenetic growth, characterized by an alignment of vertical vorticity and horizontal convergence near the surface.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/726


Date:04/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(59) Radar Meteorology
Author:Hauser, D., P. Amayenc
Title:Retrieval of cloud water and water vapor contents from Doppler radar data in a tropical squal line
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 823-838
Abstract:This paper desribes the retrieval of cloud water and water vapor contents from Doppler radar data
Location:14
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Record ID:41/727


Date:12/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bartels, D.L., J.M. Skradski, R.D. Menard
Title:Mesoscale convective systems: A satellite-data-based climatology
Publication:NOAA Technical MemorandumERL ESG-8, Enironmental Sciences Group, NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO, 58 pp
Abstract:The occurrence of significant Mesoscale Convective Systems (MCSs) over the central United States during April through July is established on the basis of satellite imagery
Location:14
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Record ID:41/728


Date:1/12/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, Y.L., E.J. Zipser
Title:The role of horizontal advection of hydrometeors in the water budget of a large squall line system
Publication:12th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Jan. 12-15, 1982, San Antonia, TX, AMS.
Abstract:None
Location:14
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Record ID:41/729


Date:01/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McGarry, M.M., R.J. Reed
Title:Diurnal variations in convective activity and precipitation during Phases II and III of GATE
Publication:McGarry, M.M., R.J. Reed
Abstract:Haronic analysis is used to determine the phase and normalized amplitude of the diurnal variations in convective activity and precipitation during phases II and III of GATE
Location:14
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Record ID:41/730


Date:11/30/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schotz, S., R. Blackmer
Title:Structure of thunderstorms along a squall line on May 2, 1979
Publication:Preprints, 20th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, Nov. 30 - Dec. 3, 1981, AMS, Boston, MA, 44-51
Abstract:None
Location:14
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Record ID:41/731


Date:05/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jianguo, S., W. Gang
Title:A numerical simulation of flow and concentration fields on mountain lee-side
Publication:Adv. Atmos. Sci., 4, 240-247
Abstract:In the present paper the numerical investigation of the atmospheric thermodynamics equation is carried out to simulate the flow and concentration fields over a two-dimensional mountain.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/732


Date:08/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johns, R.H., W.D. Hirt
Title:The derecho of 19-20 July 1983...A case study
Publication:Nat. Wea. Digest, 10, 17-32
Abstract:The widespread severe thunderstorm outbreak of 19-20 July 1983 is presented as an example of the derecho phenomenon.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/733


Date:05/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Miller, D.A., F. Sanders
Title:Mesoscale conditions for the severe convection of 3 April 1974 in the east-central United States
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1041-1055
Abstract:Hourly surface observations from more than 200 stations, together with routine radar and rawinsonde data, are used to elucidate the mesoscale conditions for the extraordinarly widespread severe convection in the central United States on 3 April 1974.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/734


Date:02/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nehrkorn, T.
Title:Wave-CISK in a baroclinic basic state
Publication:Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Science, 171 pp.
Abstract:Prefrontal squall lines are mesoscale convective systems that often cannot be linked to any preexisting organizing mechanism.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/735


Date:06/01/1950
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Newton, C.W.
Title:Structure and mechanism of the prefrontal squall line
Publication:J. Meteorol., 7, 210-222
Abstract:Using upper-air soundings taken by the Thunderstorm Project and surface and aerological data availalbe through teletype distribution, a detailed three-dimensional analysis of a prefrontal squall line is presented and certain new observational freatures of squall-line structure are shown.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/736


Date:01/01/1962
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pedgley, D.E.
Title:A meso-synoptic analysis of the thunderstorm on 28 August 1958
Publication:Geophysical Memoirs No. 106, Meteorological Office, London, 74 pp
Abstract:The thunderstorms of 28 August 1958 over the south-eastern half of England were remarkable for the rapid changes of atmospheric pressure which accompanied them.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/737


Date:02/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ross, B.B., I. Orlanski
Title:The evolution of an observed cold front. Part I: Numerical simulation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 296-327
Abstract:The 48 h evolution of an observed cold front is simulated by a three-dimensional mesoscale-numerical model for a typical springtime synoptic situation over the southeastern United States.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/738


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Roux, F.
Title:Retrieval of thermodynamic fields from multiple-Doppler radar data using the equations motion and the thermodynamic equation
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 2142-2157
Abstract:A new method is proposed to determine completely the thermodynamic fields from the relative pressure and temperature perturbations, retrieved from the processing of multiple-Doppler radar data through the equations of motion
Location:14
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Record ID:41/739


Date:04/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tapp, M.C., P.W. White
Title:A non-hydrostatic mesoscale model
Publication:Q. J. R. Met. Soc., 102, 277-296
Abstract:A 3-dimensional non-hydrostatic compressible model designed for mesoscale studies is discussed
Location:14
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Record ID:41/740


Date:12/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J.
Title:Mesoscale and convective-scale downdrafts as distinct components of squall-line structure
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 1568-1589
Abstract:This paper describes the two different kinds of downdraft air frequently observed to the rear of some squall lines at low levels.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/741


Date:01/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chen, S.
Title:Simulation of the stratiform region of a mesoscale convective system
Publication:M.S. thesis, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO, 119 pp
Abstract:The CSU Regional Atmospheric Modelling System (RAMS) cloud model is used to perform two-dimensional numerical simulations of the dynamic and thermodynamic properties of the stratiform portion of a mid-latitude mesoscale convective system.
Location:14
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Record ID:41/742


Date:11/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(18) Cumulonimbus
(21) Cumulus Dynamics
Author:Droegemeier, K.K., R.B. Wilhelmson
Title:Three-dimensional numerical modeling of convection produced by interacting thunderstorm outflows. Part I: Control simulation and low-level moisture variations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2381-2403
Abstract:The Klemp-Wilhelmson three-dimensional numerical cloud model is used to investigate cloud development along intersecting thunderstorm outflow boundaries. The model initial environment is characterized by a temperature and moisture profile typically
Location:15
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Record ID:41/743


Date:11/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Silva Dias, P.L., W.H. Schubert, M. DeMaria
Title:Large-scale response of the tropical atmosphere to transient convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2689-2707
Abstract:We consider the problem of the linear response of a stratified, equatorial, beta-plane model atmsophere to stratified transient sources of heat and momentum
Location:15
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Record ID:41/744


Date:05/15/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(71) Tropical Meteorology
Author:Silva Dias, M.F., A.K. Betts, D.E. Stevens
Title:A linear spectral model of tropical mesoscale systems: Sensitivity studies
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1704-1716
Abstract:A revised version of Raymond's wave-CISK model is used to study the propagation of mesoscale models
Location:15
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Record ID:41/745


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barnes, S.L.
Title:Omega diagnostics as a supplement to LFM/MOS guidance in weakly forced convective situations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 2122-2141
Abstract:Using reported height data at mandatory levels, a version of Hoskins' Q-vector analysis is computed for two layers, producing countoured patterns of vertical motion and other diagnostics at two levels
Location:15
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Record ID:41/746


Date:01/01/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bergeron, T.
Title:Mesometeorological studies of precipitaiton, V
Publication:Reports No. 38, Meteorologiska Inst., Uppsala
Abstract:The chief aim of this volume is to present meso-scale maps of the average monthly rainfall distribution in the Uppsala field
Location:15
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Record ID:41/747


Date:05/01/1972
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blumen, W.
Title:Geostrophic adjustment
Publication:Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 10, 485-528
Abstract:The conservation of potential vorticity of a rotating homogeneous or stratified fluid may, in principle, be used to determine steady-state field distributions from a given initial state.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/748


Date:08/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bosart, L.F.
Title:Analysis of a California Catalina eddy event
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1619-1633
Abstract:During the period 26-29 May 1968 a shallow cyclonic circulation, known locally as a Catalina eddy, developed in the offshort waters of southern California.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/749


Date:05/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Braham, R.R., Jr.
Title:Coalescence-freezing precipitation mechanism
Publication:Preprints, Tenth Conf. on Planned and Inadvertent Weather Modification, May 27-30, 1986, AMS, Boston, 142-145
Abstract:None
Location:15
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Record ID:41/750


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(54) Polar Low
Author:Businger, S.
Title:The synoptic climatology of polar low outbreaks
Publication:Tellus, 37A, 419-432
Abstract:The evolution of the 500 mb height field has been analysed during outbreaks of well-developed polar lows over the Norwegian and Barents Seas using a 'superposed epoch method' to composite the data.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/751


Date:02/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Carney, T.Q., D.G. Vincent
Title:Meso-synoptic scale interactions during AVE/SESAME I, 10-11 April 1979. Part I: Theoretical dvelopment of interaction equations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 344-352
Abstract:This is the first of two companion papers that describe the development and application of a set of kinetic energy budget equations which explicitly account for meso-synoptic scale interactions
Location:15
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Record ID:41/752


Date:02/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Carney, T.Q., D.G. Vincent
Title:Meso-synoptic scale interactions during AVE/SESAME I, 10-11 April 1979. Part I: Theoretical dvelopment of interaction equations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 344-352
Abstract:This is the first of two companion papers that describe the development and application of a set of kinetic energy budget equations which explicitly account for meso-synoptic scale interactions
Location:15
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Record ID:41/753


Date:02/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Carney, T.Q.,D.G. Vincent
Title:Meso-synoptic scale interactions during AVE/SESAME I, 10-11 April 1979. Part II: Influence of convective activity on larger scale flow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 353-370
Abstract:This is the second of two companion papers that describe the development and application of a unique set of kinetic energy budget equations which account for meso-synoptic scale interactions
Location:15
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Record ID:41/754


Date:02/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chang, C.B., D.J. Perkey, C.W. Kreitzberg
Title:Latent heat induced energy transformations during cyclogenesis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 357-367
Abstract:Using real-data numerical simulation experiments, latent heat induced energy transformations during the development of the wave cyclone of 20 May 1977 are investigated
Location:15
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Record ID:41/755


Date:06/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, T.L.
Title:A small-scale dynamic model using a terrain-following coordinate transformation
Publication:J. Comp. Sci., 24, 186-215
Abstract:This paper describes a three-dimensional finite-difference model of air flow over an irregular lower surface.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/756


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davies, H.C.
Title:Phase-lagged wave-CISK
Publication:Q. J. R. Met. Soc., 105, 325-353
Abstract:The conventional formulation of the wave-CISK mechanism involves a quasi-equilibrium assumption whereby the instantaneous large-scale diabatic heating that is induced by cloud-scale motions is assumed to be related to the
Location:15
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Record ID:41/757


Date:04/01/1979
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davies, H.C.
Title:Phase-lagged wave-CISK
Publication:Q. J. R. Met. Soc., 105, 325-353
Abstract:The conventional formulation of the wave-CISK mechanism involves a quasi-equilibrium assumption whereby the instantaneous large-scale diabatic heating that is induced by cloud-scale motions is assumed to be related to the
Location:15
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Record ID:41/758


Date:08/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Driedonks, A.G.M., J. Reiff, A.A.M. Holtslag
Title:Mesoscale results of an air mass transformation model in a coastal area
Publication:Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., 58, 361-379
Abstract:In a quasi-Langrangian framework a one-dimensional model for the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) is advected along trajectories calculated from a large scale grid point model and forced by heat and moisture input from the surface
Location:15
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Record ID:41/759


Date:01/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ertel, H.
Title:Ertel's potential vorticity. English translation by Schubert et al.
Publication:Atmospheric Science Report, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523,
Abstract:In view of the central role played by Ertel's potential vorticity in modern geophysical fluid dynamics, it may seem surprising that few of our fellow scientists have read Ertel's original works.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/760


Date:01/09/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Esbensen, S.K., J.T. Wang
Title:Heat budget analysis and the synoptic environment of GATE cloud clusters
Publication:Preprints, 15th Conf. on Hurricanes and Tropical Meteor., Jan. 9-13, 1984, Miami, FL
Abstract:None
Location:15
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Record ID:41/761


Date:11/15/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Droegemeier, K.K., R.B. Wilhelmson
Title:Three-dimensional numerical modeling of convection produced by interacting thunderstorm outflows. Part II: Variations in vertical wind shear
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 2404-2414
Abstract:In this second paper in a series on outflow interactions, we use the three-dimensional model described in Part I to examine the effects of vertical wind shear variations on cloud development along intersecting thunderstorm outflow boundaries.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/762


Date:05/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Frank, W.M.
Title:Modulations of the net tropospheric temperature during GATE
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1056-1064
Abstract:The net vertically integrated temperature of the GATE B array is analyzed at each rawinsonde observation time for all three phases.
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Record ID:41/763


Date:01/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Goldreich, Y., L.M. Druyan, H. Berger
Title:The interaction of valley/mountain winds with a diurnally verring sea/land breeze
Publication:J. Clim., 6, 551-561
Abstract:Summer-time wind patterns have been monitoried within and above a transverse valley of the Judean Hills.
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Record ID:41/764


Date:11/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hoxit, L.R., C.F. Chappell, J.M. Fritsch
Title:Formation of mesolows or pressure troughs in advance of cumulonimbus clouds
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 104, 1419-1428
Abstract:Mesoscale lows or pressure troughs have been observed downwind of many mid-latitude cumulonimbus cloud systems, especially those that subsequently produce severe weather such as tornadoes, large hail, or damaging wind gusts
Location:15
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Record ID:41/765


Date:03/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kelly, R.D.
Title:Mesoscale frequencies and seasonal snowfalls for different types of Lake Michigan snow storms
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 25, 308-312
Abstract:Members of the Cloud Physics Laboratory, University of Chicago, have identified three different mesoscale organization patterns of lake-effect storms over Lake Michigan:
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Record ID:41/766


Date:08/01/1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lewis, J.M. Y. Ogura, L. Gidel
Title:Large-scale influences upon the generation of a mesoscale disturbance
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 102, 545-560
Abstract:A case of squall line generation in the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) network has been examined with the intention of capturing synoptic-scale influences.
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Record ID:41/767


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A., J.M. Fritsch
Title:A new understanding of thunderstorms
Publication:Weather, June 1984, 128-133
Abstract:None
Location:15
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Record ID:41/768


Date:08/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Neumann, J., Savijarvi, H.
Title:The sea breeze on a steep coast
Publication:Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., 59, 375-389
Abstract:The sets of observations of sea breeze from the published literature are described relating to coasts where relatively high and steep mountains reach down to the shore
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Record ID:41/769


Date:05/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Orlanski, I.
Title:The trapeze instability in an equatorial beta-plane
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 745-763
Abstract:From preliminary reports of the GATE experiment it was concluded that there is some strong evidence that mesoscale waves with a periodicity close to 2 days exist in the equatorial regions
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Record ID:41/770


Date:07/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Physick, W.L.
Title:Application of a mesoscale flow model in the irregular terrain of the Grand canyon National Park
Publication:Report prepared for Donald Henderson, National Park Service, Dept. of the Interior, Denver CO 80225
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/771


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J.
Title:Wave-CISK in mass flux form
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 2561-2572
Abstract:A reformulation of wave-CISK shows that gravity waves generated by the divergence of cumulus mass fluxes are responsible for the forcing of further convection.
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Record ID:41/772


Date:08/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sanders, F., R.J. Paine
Title:The structure and thermodynamics of an intense mesoscale convective storm in Oklahoma
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 32, 1563-1578
Abstract:On 14 May 1970 a cold front passed through the mesonetwork of the National Severe Storms Laboratory in central Oklahoma.
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Record ID:41/773


Date:12/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schoenberger, L.M.
Title:Doppler radar observation of a land-breeze cold front
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 2455-2464
Abstract:During the early morning hours of 11 January 1981, a very narrow, intense band of snow which had formed along the leading edge of a land-breeze cold front was viewed by CP-4 radar near Muskegon, Michigan
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Record ID:41/774


Date:06/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stevens, D.E., R.S. Lindzen
Title:Tropical wave-CISK with a moisture budget and cumulus friction
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 940-961
Abstract:The wave-CISK problem is investigated in a linearized context with two significant departures from previous models: 1) the cumulus heating parameterization is made thermodynamically consistent by requiring
Location:15
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Record ID:41/775


Date:09/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thorp, J.M.
Title:Mesoscale storm and dry period parameters from hourly precipitation data
Publication:Atmos. Env., 20, 1683-1689
Abstract:Hourly precipitation data from 89 first-order National Weather Service statios in the northeastern United States are used to define seasonal storm (wet-period) and dry-period statistics.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/776


Date:10/01/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wetzel, P.J., W.R. Cotton, R.L. McAnelly
Title:A long-lived mesoscale convective complex. Part II: Evolution and structure of the mature complex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 111, 1919-1937
Abstract:An eight-day episode in August 1977 is described, wherein 14 mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) developed in the central United States, including one to the immediate lee of the Rocky Mountains on each day of the episode.
Location:15
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Record ID:41/777


Date:12/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhang, D.L., J.M. Fritsch
Title:A case study of the sensitivity of numerical simulation of mesoscale convective systems to varying initial conditions
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 2418-2431
Abstract:A 12 h nested-grid numerical simulation of a warm-season mesoscale convective weather system (Zhang and Fritsch, 1986) is utilized as a control run in order to 1) test the sensitivity of the numerical simulation to different types of
Location:15
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Record ID:41/778


Date:01/12/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zipser, E.J., T.J. Matejka
Title:Comparison of radar and wind cross-sections through a tropical and a midwestern squall line
Publication:Preprints, 12th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, Jan. 12-15, 1982, San Antonio, TX, AMS, 342-345
Abstract:None
Location:15
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Record ID:41/779


Date:08/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Leary, C.A., E.N. Rappaport
Title:The life cycle and internal structure of a mesoscale convective complex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1503-1527
Abstract:This paper describes the life cycle and precipitation structure of a Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC) that passed through
Location:16
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Record ID:41/780


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Chong, M., P. Amayenc, G. Scialom, J. Testud
Title:A tropical squall line observed during the COPT 81 Experiment in West Africa. Part I: Kinematic structure inferred from dual-Doppler radar data
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 670-694
Abstract:This paper deals with the analysis of a tropical squall line, observed on 22 June 1981 during the COPT 81 (Convection Profonde Tropicale) experiment
Location:16
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Record ID:41/781


Date:11/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Bluestein, H.B., G.T. Marx, M.H. Jain
Title:Formation of mesoscale lines of precipitation: Nonsevere squall lines in Oklahoma during the spring
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2719-2727
Abstract:The development of mesoscale lines of nonsevere convection in Oklahoma during the spring is discussed.
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Record ID:41/782


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Baines, P.G.
Title:The dynamics of the southerly buster
Publication:Aust. Met. Mag., 28, 175-200
Abstract:The southerly buster is a particularly abrupt form of cold front which occurs frequently in the coastal regions of New South Wales, mainly in the spring and summer.
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Record ID:41/783


Date:01/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bannon, P.R.
Title:Synoptic-scale forcing of coastal lows: forced double Kelvin waves in the atmosphere
Publication:Quart. J. R. Met. Soc., 107, 313-327
Abstract:Gill (1977) has interpreted the coastal lows of southern Africa as atmospheric coastal Kelvin waves
Location:16
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Record ID:41/784


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A.
Title:Conceptual models of precipitating systems
Publication:Met. Mag., 114, 293-318
Abstract:Imagery from radars and satellites is one of the main ingredients of nowcasting
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Record ID:41/785


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, R.D.
Title:The dynamics of the summertime Great Plains low level jet
Publication:Report No. AS 149, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY 82071
Abstract:Thesis
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Record ID:41/786


Date:12/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Colquhoun, J.R., D.J. Shepherd, C.E. Coulman, R.K. Smith, K. McInnes
Title:The southerly burster of south eastern Australia: An orogrpahically forced cold front
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 2090-2107
Abstract:This paper presents an observational study of the 'southerly burster', or 'southerly buster', a particularly intense type of orographically and thermally influenced cold front which occurs in spring and summer along the southern coast of New South Waves in eastern Australia
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Record ID:41/787


Date:10/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fritsch, J.M., R.J. Kane, C.R. Chelius
Title:The contribution of mesoscale convective weather systems to the warm-season precipitation the United States
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 25, 1333-1345
Abstract:The contribution of precipitation from mesoscale convective weather systems to the warm-season (April-September) rainfall in the United States is evaluated.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/788


Date:01/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Helmis, C.G., D.N. Asimakopoulous, D.G. Deligiorgi
Title:Observations of sea-breeze fronts near the shoreline
Publication:Boundary-Layer Met., 38, 395-410
Abstract:Results from an observational study of sea-breeze fronts as they cross a shoreline are presented.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/789


Date:03/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Hobbs, P.V., T.J. Matejka, P.H. Herzegh, J.D. Locatelli, R.A. Houze
Title:The mesoscale and microscale structure and organization of clouds and precipitation in midlatitude cyclones. I: A case study of a cold front
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 568-596
Abstract:Detailed information is deduced on the mesoscale organization of precipitation, the structures of the clouds, the air flows associated with mesoscale rainbands, and the precipitation efficiencies and the mechanisms producing precipitation in the rainbands associated with a cold front.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/790


Date:11/04/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H.
Title:The development of organized mesoscale circulations within Oklahoma-Kansas Pre-Storm convective sytems
Publication:Preprints, International Conf. on Monsoon and Mesoscale Meteorology, Nov. 4-7, 1986, Taipei, Taiwan
Abstract:None
Location:16
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Record ID:41/791


Date:11/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., J.J. Toth
Title:Preliminary data quality analysis for May-June 1985 Oklahoma-Kansas Pre-Storm PAM II mesonetwork
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 407, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:None
Location:16
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Record ID:41/792


Date:06/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(21) Cumulus Dynamics
Author:Kelly, R.D.
Title:Horizontal roll and boundary-layer interrelationships observed over Lake Michigan
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 41, 1816-1826
Abstract:On 7, 9, and 10 January 1981 some 34 hours of organized horizontal roll convection in the boundary layer over Lake Michigan were probed with two airplanes and two radars from the University of Chicago Lake Snow Project.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/793


Date:01/02/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Levich, E., E. Tzvetkov
Title:Helical cyclogenesis
Publication:Phys. Letters, 100A, 53-56
Abstract:The model for the formation of basic structures in the atmosphere, such as cloud clusters and hurricane type phenomena, is formulated on the basis of the inverse cascade in three-dimensional turbulence.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/794


Date:07/11/1983
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Levich, E., A. Tsinober
Title:Helical structures, fractal dimensions and renormalization-group approach in homogeneous turbulence
Publication:Phys. Letters, 96A, 292-298
Abstract:The concept of helicity-fluctuation hierarcy as generating the fractal structure of turbulence in conjunction with the renormalization-group theory are utilized to renomalize the iterative solution of the Navier-Stokes equation in all orders of perturbation theory
Location:16
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Record ID:41/795


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Meitin, J.G., Jr.
Title:The Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for Storm-Central (O-K PRE-STORM) Volume III. Aircraft mission summary
Publication:NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ESG-30, Environmental Sciences Group, NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO, 109 pp
Abstract:The aircraft missions during the PRE-STORM experiment are summarized.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/796


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Meitin, J.G., Jr., J.B. Cunning
Title:The Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for Storm-Central (O-K PRE-STORM) Volume I. Daily operations summary
Publication:NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ESG-20, Environmental Sciences Group, NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO, 313 pp
Abstract:The field phase of the PRE-STORM program is summarized.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/797


Date:04/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Meitin, J.G., Jr.
Title:The Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for Storm-Central (O-K PRE-STORM) Volume III. Radar data summary
Publication:NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL ESG-26, Environmental Sciences Group, NOAA/ERL, Boulder, CO, 84 pp
Abstract:The radar-based subprogram for the PRE-STORM experiment is summarized.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/798


Date:12/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nagata, M., M. Ikawa,S. Yoshizumi, T. Yoshida
Title:On the formation of a convergent cloud band over the Japan Sea in winter; Numerical experiments
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 64, 841-855
Abstract:The aim of the present paper is to investigate the formation mechanism of a convergent cloud band which appears eat of the Korea Peninsula over the western Japan Sea under nothwesterly winter monsoon.
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Record ID:41/799


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y.
Title:Modeling studies of convection
Publication:Adv. Geophys., 28B, 387-421
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/800


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ogura, Y., T. Asai, K. Dohi
Title:A case study of a heavy precipitation event along the Baiu Front in northern Kyushu, 23 July 1982: Nagasaki heavy rainfall
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 63, 883-900
Abstract:A case study is made of an exceptionally heavy rainstorm that hit the northwestern coastal area of Kyushu, Japan on 23 July 1982.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/801


Date:01/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schwerdtfeger, W.
Title:The effect of the Antarctic Peninsula on the temperature regime of the Weddell Sea
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 103, 45-51
Abstract:Theoretical considerations as well as observational evidence lead to the conclusion that the frequent, strong, southerly and southwesterly surface winds along the east coast of the Antarctic Peninsula do not necessarily indicate
Location:16
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Record ID:41/802


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stern, M.E., J.A. Whitehead, B.L. Hua
Title:The intrusion of a density current along the coast of a rotating fluid
Publication:J. Fluid Mech., 123, 237-265
Abstract:When light rotating fluid spreads over heavier fluid in the vicinity of a vertical wall (coast) a boundary jet of width L forms, the leading edge or nose of which propagates with ceed c along the coast.
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Record ID:41/803


Date:07/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wang, B., I. Orlanski
Title:Study of a heavy rain vortex formed over the eastern flank of the Tibetan Plateau
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1370-1393
Abstract:A case of the heavy rain vortex which occured during the period 14-15 July 1979 is studied using a limited-area mesoscale numerical model
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Record ID:41/804


Date:09/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yu, C.H., R.A. Pielke
Title:Mesoscale air quality under stagnant synoptic cold season conditions in the Lake Powell area
Publication:Atmos. Env., 20, 1751-1762
Abstract:Mesoscale air quality under stagnant synoptic cold season conditions in the Lake Powell area is characterized through climatological, topographical, and numerical studies
Location:16
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Record ID:41/805


Date:07/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhang, D.L., H.R. Chang, N.L. Seaman, T.T. Warner, J.M. Fritsch
Title:A two-way interactive nesting procedure with variable terrain resolution
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 1330-1339
Abstract:A two-way interactive, nested-grid system tested with The Pennsylvania State University/NCAR three-dimensional mesoscale model is described.
Location:16
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Record ID:41/806


Date:03/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Clark, J. H. E.
Title:Gravity waves driven by diurnal fluctuations in mesoscale heating
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 56, pp. 769-783
Abstract:Observed convective systems, such as mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs), often undergo repeated cycles of nocturnal growth and daytime decay especially during the summer.
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Record ID:41/807


Date:04/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jackson, P.L., C.J.C. Reason, S. Guan
Title:Numerical modeling of a coastal trapped disturbance. Part II: Structure and dynamics
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127., pp. 535-550
Abstract:A detailed analysis of a simulation of a coastal trapped diturbance (CTD) using the Colorado State University Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) is presented.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/808


Date:05/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tijm, A.B.C., A.A.M. Holtslag, A.J. van Delden
Title:Observations and modeling of the sea breeze with the return current
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 625-640
Abstract:Data from a wind profiler are used to investigate the vertical structure of the sea breeze with the accompanting return current at the North Sea coast in the Netherlands for three sea-breeze cases. In one of the cases, with a very weak and constant background flow, the return current mass flux approximately compensates for the sea-breeze mass flux.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/809


Date:05/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(53) Planetary/Atmospheric Boundary
Author:Dailey, P.S., R.G. Fovell
Title:Numerical simulation of the interaction between the sea-breeze front and horizontal convective rolls. Part I: Offshore ambient flow
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 858-878
Abstract:A three-dimensional, cloud-resolving model is used to investigate the interactino between the sea-breeze circulation and boundary layer roll convection.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/810


Date:12/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Giordano, L.A., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Strong tornadoes and flash-flood-producing rainstorms during the warm season in the mid-Atlantic region
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 6, 437-455
Abstract:Storm-related literature spanning 45 years (1942-1986) was examined to 1) establish a climatology of strong torandoes and intense rainstorms for the Mid-Atlantic region, and 2) identify the key environmental features
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Record ID:41/811


Date:04/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ackerman, B.
Title:Boundary-layer influence on the development of a mesoscale rainstorm
Publication:Atmos.-Ocean, 26, 634-652
Abstract:A major convective rainstorm slowly developed in the largely barotropic warm sector of an open-wave cyclone
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Record ID:41/812


Date:11/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ballentine, R.J.
Title:Numerical simulation of land-breeze-induced snowbands along the western shore of Lake Michigan
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 110, 1544-1553
Abstract:Case studies are presented which describe a type of lake-effect snowband which forms along the western shore of Lake Michigan when a cold anticyclone to the north sets up an easterly gradient over the lake.
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Record ID:41/813


Date:06/15/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Bosart, L.F.
Title:Kinematic vertical motion and relative vorticity profiles in a long-lived midlatitude convective system
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 1297-1299
Abstract:Average kinematic vertical motion and relative vorticity profiles are presented for a long-lived midlatitude convective complex.
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Record ID:41/814


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Chalon, J.P., G. Jaubert, F. Roux, J.P. Lafore
Title:The west African squall line observed on 23 June 1981 during COPT 81: Mesoscale structure and transports
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 2744-2763
Abstract:During the night of 23/24 June 1981, near Korhogo, Ivory Coast, a squall line passed over the instrumented area of the COPT 81 experiment
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Record ID:41/815


Date:08/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, W.R., S. Chen, G. Tripoli
Title:Radiative influences on precipitating mesoscale systems
Publication:Preprints, 10th Int. Cloud Physics Conf., 15-20 August 1988, Bad Homburg, FRG
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/816


Date:05/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Changnon, S.A., Ed. Angel, J.R., D. Changnon, F.A. Huff, P. Merzlock, S.R. Silberberg, N.E. Westcott
Title:The record rainstorm on July 17-18, 1996 in Northern Illinois
Publication:Ill. State Water Survey, Atmos. Sci. Div., Misc. Publication 182 (MCC Research Report 97-02)
Abstract:By the afternoon of July 18, 1996 Midwestern radio and tv stations were issuing reports of extremely heavy rains and flash fooding in northeastern Illinois.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/817


Date:01/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, Y.-L., T.-A. Wang
Title:Flow regimes and transient dynamics of two-dimensional stratified flow over an isolated mountain ridge
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 138-158
Abstract:Four regimes are identified for two-dimensional, unstructured, monrotating, continuously stratified, hydrostatic, uniform Boussinesq flow over an isolated mountain ridge:
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Record ID:41/818


Date:01/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Pielke, R.A., X. Zeng, T.J. Lee, G.A. Dalu
Title:Mesoscale fluxes over heterogeneous flat landscapes for use in larger scale models.
Publication:J. of Hydrol., 190, 317-336
Abstract:We have developed a framework to parameterize mesoscale fluxes of heat, moisture, and momentum, in a cloud-free environment, which result from heterogeneous heating of flat land surfaces.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/819


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Esbensen, S.K., J.T. Wang, E.I. Tollerud
Title:A composite life cycle of nonsquall mesoscale convective systems over the tropical ocean. Part II: Heat and moisture budgets
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 537-548
Abstract:The heat and moisture budgets associated with five large nonsquall cloud clusters observed during Phase 3 of the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated
Location:17
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Record ID:41/820


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ferretti, R., F. Einaudi, L.W. Uccellini
Title:Wave disturbances associated with the Red River Valley severe weather outbreak of 10-11 April 1979
Publication:Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 39, 132-168
Abstract:An analysis of mesoscale gravity wave events during the severe weather outbreak in the Red River Valley on 10-11 April 1979 is presented utilizing surface pressure data and the 3 h rawinsonde data from the AVE-SESAME I special network.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/821


Date:02/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Forbes, G.S., J.H. Merritt
Title:Mesoscale vortices over the Great lakes in wintertime
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 377-381
Abstract:The occasional occurrence of wintertime mesoscale lake vortices is documented.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/822


Date:09/01/1963
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T.
Title:Analytical mesometeorology: A review
Publication:Meteor. Monogr., 5, 77-125
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/823


Date:11/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gryning, S.E.
Title:The Oresund Experiment--A nordic mesoscale dispersion experiment over a land-water-land area
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 66, 1403-1407
Abstract:The atmospheric dispersion process and the modifications in the wind field across the 20-km wide Oresund strait between Denmakr and Sweden were studied in this project.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/824


Date:11/01/1978
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Hobbs, P.V.
Title:Organization and structure of clouds and precipitation on the mesoscale and microscale in cyclonic storms
Publication:Rev. Geophys. Space Phys., 16, 741-755
Abstract:Our current understanding of the organization and structure of clouds and precipitation in extratropical cyclonic storms is reviewed.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/825


Date:04/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hsu, H.M.
Title:Mesoscale lake-effect snowstorms in the vicinity of Lake Michigan: Linear theory and numerical simulations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1019-1040
Abstract:Mesoscale lake-effect snowstorms in the vicinity of Lake Michigan are studied by a linear steady-state analytic model and a nonlinear time-dependent numerical model with parameterized subgrid-scale physics
Location:17
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Record ID:41/826


Date:06/28/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnston, E.C.
Title:Mesoscale vorticity centers induced by mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:9th Conf. on Wea. Forecasting and Analysis, June 28- July 1, 1982, Seattle, WA, AMS, Boston, MA, 196-200
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/827


Date:01/30/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., W.A. Gallus
Title:Further evidence for the important role of mesoscale vertical motions in thermodynamic budgets of cloud ensembles
Publication:Preprints, Symposium on the Role of Clouds in Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Climate, Jan. 30-Feb. 2, 1989, Anaheim, CA, AMS, Boston, 282-285
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/828


Date:03/27/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Keenan, T.D., R.E. Carbone
Title:A preliminary morphology of convective systems in tropical northern Australia
Publication:Proc., 24th Conf. on Radar Meteorology, 27-31 March 1989, Tallahasee, FL
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/829


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., P.B. Dorian
Title:A mesoscale gravity wave event observed during CCOPE. Part III: Wave environment and probable source mechanism
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2570-2591
Abstract:Synoptic and special mesoscale observations taken during the Cooperative Convective Precipitation Experiment (CCOPE) are used to describe the multiscale environment of a gravity wave event, understand the wave-environment
Location:17
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Record ID:41/830


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., R.E. Golus, P.B. Dorian
Title:A mesoscale gravity wave event observed during CCOPE. Part II: Interactions between mesoscale convective systems and the antecedent waves
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2545-2569
Abstract:This paper presents the results of a very detailed investigation into the effects of preexisting gravity waves upon convective systems, as well as the feedback effects of convection of varying intensity upon the waves.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/831


Date:06/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(12) Climate
Author:Riley, G.T., M.G. Landin, L.F. Bosart
Title:The diurnal variability of precipitation across the Central Rockies and ajacent Great Plains
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 1161-1172
Abstract:The diurnal viaration of precipitation across Wyoming, Colorado, S. Dakota, Nebraska and Kansas has been studied by means of a harmonic analysis of 35 years of hourly precipitation data for 334 stations
Location:17
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Record ID:41/832


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Roux, F.
Title:The West African squall line observed on 23 June 1985 during COPT 81: Kinematics and thermodynamics of the convective region
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 406-426
Abstract:The presquall environment possessed a very large convective instability with a stable layer in the lowest levels
Location:17
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Record ID:41/833


Date:04/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Tollerud, E.I., S.K. Esbensen
Title:A composite life cycle of nonquall mesoscale convective systems of the tropical ocean. Part I: Kinetmatic fields
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 42, 823-837
Abstract:The wind fields associated with cloud clusters observed during the Global Atmospheric Research Program's Atlantic Tropical Experiment (GATE) are investigated.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/834


Date:03/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:LeMone, M.A., G.M. Barnes, E.J. Szoke, E.J. Zipser
Title:The titlt of the leading edge of mesoscale tropical convective lines
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 510-519
Abstract:The tilt with height of the leading edge of seven mesoscale convective lines in GATE is determined by two independent methods
Location:17
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Record ID:41/835


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Levich, E., E. Tzvetkov
Title:Helical inverse cascade in three-dimensional turbulence as a fundamental dominant mechanism in mesoscale atmospheric phenomena
Publication:Phys. Reports, 128, 1-37
Abstract:The concept of helical cyclogensis developed by the authors is further elaborated and applied to a variety of mesoscale atmospheric phenomena.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/836


Date:04/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Maddox, R.A.
Title:Mesoscale and severe storm meteorology
Publication:Rev. of Geophys., 25, 329-356
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/837


Date:01/01/1965
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McVehil, G.E., R.L. Peace, Jr.
Title:Some studies of lake effect snowfall from Lake Erie
Publication:Pub. No. 13, Great Lakes Research Division, The University of Michigan, 262-272
Abstract:Analyses have been made of a number of recent cases of lake-induced snowfall along the southern and eastern shores of Lake Erie
Location:17
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Record ID:41/838


Date:10/02/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Murphy, J.D., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Multiple production of mesoscale convective systems by a convectively-generated mesoscale vortex
Publication:Proc., 12th Conf. on Weather Analysis and Forecasting, October 2-6, 1989, Monterey, CA
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/839


Date:08/08/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nicholls, M.E., W.R. Cotton
Title:A numerical investigation of the microphysical processes occurring in a tropical squall line
Publication:Proc., 2nd Int. Cloud Modeling Workshop, Toulouse, France, WMO, 8-12 August 1988
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/840


Date:04/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K., T. Akiyama, M. Ikawa
Title:Evolution and fine structure of a long-lived meso-alpha-scale convective system in Baiu frontal zone. Part I: Evolution and meso-beta-scale characteristics
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 66, 331-350
Abstract:The evolution process and fine structure of a long-lived MaCS (meso-alpha-scale convective system) in the subtropical East Asia was studied for 14-15 July 1979 using Geostationary Meteorological Satellite IR observation and radar observation data.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/841


Date:04/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K., T. Akiyama, M. Ikawa
Title:Evolution and fine structure of a long-lived meso-alpha-scale convective system in a Baiu frontal zone. Part II: Meso-alpha-scale characteristics of precipitation
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 66, 351-371
Abstract:Part 1 of the present study has shown that a long lived meso-alpha-scale convective system (MaCs) during 14-15 July 1979, which was accompanied by a weak Baiu frontal depression consisted of meso-beta-scale convective systems (MbCSs) and the
Location:17
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Record ID:41/842


Date:10/17/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Peace, R.L., Jr.
Title:Radar characteristics of lake effect storms
Publication:Proc., 12th Conf. on Radar Met., Norman, OK, Oct. 17-20, 1966, 454-461
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/843


Date:08/01/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Peace, R.L, Jr., R.B. Sykes, Jr.
Title:Mesoscale study of a lake effect snow storm
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 94, 495-507
Abstract:During the 1964-64 snow season, the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York (ASRC, SUNY), and the SUNY College at Oswego maintained a mesoscale network of surface pressure, temperature, and wind-recording
Location:17
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Record ID:41/844


Date:01/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pike, D.J., L.M. Leslie, G.A. Mills, T. Glowaki, G. Hubbert, P. McIntosh
Title:Report on performance of regional forecast models July-December 1987
Publication:BMRC Research Report No. 14, Bureau of Meteorology Research Centre, Melbourne, Vic, Australia, 28 pp
Abstract:None
Location:17
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Record ID:41/845


Date:04/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Proctor, F.H.
Title:The terminal area simulation system
Publication:NASA Contractor Report 4047, DOT/FAA/PM-86,/50, II, STX, Hampton, VA, 112 pp
Abstract:The numerical simulation of five case studies are presented and are compared with available data in order to verify the three-dimensional version of the Terminal Area Simulation System (TASS).
Location:17
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Record ID:41/846


Date:04/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stewart, R.E., R.W. Shaw, G.A. Isaac
Title:Canadian Atlantic storms program: The meteorological field project
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 68, 338-345
Abstract:The field phase of the Canadian Atlantic Storms Program (CASP) was conducted from 15 January to 15 March 1986
Location:17
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Record ID:41/847


Date:02/01/1959
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tepper, M.
Title:Mesometeorology--The link between macroscale atmospheric motions and local weather
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 40, 56-72
Abstract:Mesometeorology is the study of atmospheric motions of characteristic dimensions too small to make them readily identifiable on the macroscale synoptic maps in use today
Location:17
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Record ID:41/848


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Uyeda, H., D.S. Zrnic
Title:Fine structure of gust fronts obtained from the analysis of single doppler radar data
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 66, 869-881
Abstract:Doppler velocity data obtained from a single Doppler radar are used to examine fine structures of gust fronts associated with severe thunderstorms.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/849


Date:06/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yan, Z.
Title:Application of numerical diagnostic analysis for heavy rain forecast in the Yangtze Valley
Publication:Meteorol. Rdsch., 40, 84-89
Abstract:The Yangtze River is the longest river in China and heavy rain is one of the prevalent disastrous types of weather in this area.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/850


Date:06/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Laird, N.F.
Title:Observation of coexisting mesoscale lake-effect vorticies over the western great lakes
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 1137-1141
Abstract:None.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/851


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Brandes, E.
Title:Evolution and structure of the 6-7 May 1985 mesoscale convective system and associted vortex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 109-127
Abstract:Observations collected during the Oklahoma-Kansas PRE-STORM experiment are used to document the evolution and structure of
Location:18
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Record ID:41/852


Date:05/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Johnson, R.H., S. Chen, J.J. Toth
Title:Circulations associated with a mature-to-decaying midlatitude mesoscale convective system. Part I: Surface features-heat bursts and mesolow development
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 942-959
Abstract:This study examines surface features associated with amature-to-dissipating midlatitude mesoscale convective system that occurred on 23-24 June 1985 duirng the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional
Location:18
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Record ID:41/853


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Anthes, R.A., Z. Xiuju
Title:Joint United States-Peoples Republic of China workshop on mesoscale meteorology, 5-7 September 1988, Beijing, PRC
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 70, 628-631
Abstract:As part of the United States-Peoples Republic of China Protocol on Cooperation in the Field of Atmospheric Science and Technology, a joing workshop reviewed recent advances in operational and research mesoscale
Location:18
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Record ID:41/854


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, W.R., M.S. Lin, R.L. McAnelly, C.J. Tremback
Title:A composite model of mesoscale convective complexes
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 765-783
Abstract:A composite analysis technique is used to investigate the evolution of meso-alpha-scale features of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs).
Location:41
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Record ID:41/855


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dorian, P.B., S.E. Koch, W.C. Skillman
Title:The relationship between satellite-inferred frontogenesis and squall line formation
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 3, 319-342
Abstract:A study of three years of GOES satellite imagery has been conducted to determine whether synthesis of the imagery with surface diagnostic analyses may prove useful for predicting the precise location and time of formation
Location:18
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Record ID:41/856


Date:01/01/1956
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fujita, T., H. Newstein, M. Tepper
Title:Mesoanalysis: An important scale in the analysis of weather data
Publication:Research Paper No. 39, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Weather Bureau, Washington, DC
Abstract:The primary purpose of this paper is to present a significant scale of meteorological events.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/857


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr., S.A. Rutledge, M.I. Biggerstaff, B.F. Smull
Title:Interpretation of Doppler weather radar displays of midlatitude mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 70, 608-619
Abstract:The utility of color displays of Doppler-radar data in revealing realtime kinematic information has been demonstrated in past studies especially for extratropical cyclones and severe thunderstorms.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/858


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Houze, R.A., Jr.
Title:Observed structure of mesoscale convective systems and implications for large-scale heating
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 115, 525-461.
Abstract:Mesoscale convective cloud systems that produce large amounts of rain in mid-latitudes and most of the rain in the tropics consist of a combination of convective and stratiform clouds.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/859


Date:02/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kobayashi, F.m, K. Kikuchi, H. Uyeda
Title:A mesocyclone generated in snow clouds observed by radar on the West Coast of Hokkaido Island, Japan
Publication:J. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Series VII, 8, 381-396
Abstract:To investigate the detailed structure of snow clouds, the Convergent Band Clouds and mesoscale disturbances accompanied by them, a special radar observation was carried out in Habro, which is located on the west coast of Hokkaido.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/860


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., R.E. Golus
Title:A mesoscale gravity wave event observed during CCOPE. Part I: Multiscale statistical analysis of wave characteristics
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2527-2544
Abstract:This paper is the first in a series of three papers concerning a gravity wave event that occurred over the north-central United States on 11-12 July 1981.
Location:17
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Record ID:41/861


Date:08/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuo, Y.H., R.A. Anthes
Title:Accuracy of diagnostic heat and moisture budgets using SESAME-79 field data as revealed by observing system simulation experiments
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1465-1481
Abstract:The accuracy of diagnostic heat and moisture budgets using the AVE-SESAME 1979 data is investigated through a series of observing system simulation experiments.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/862


Date:08/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lyons, W.A., J.A. Schuh, D. Moon, R.A. Pielke, W. Cotton, R. Arritt
Title:Short range forecasting of sea breeze generated thunderstorms at the Kennedy Space Center: A real-time epxeirment using a primitive equation mesoscale numerical model
Publication:Symp. on Mesoscale Analysis and Forecasting, including Nowcasting, 17-19 August 1987, Vancouver, BC
Abstract:None
Location:18
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Record ID:41/863


Date:08/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pearce, R.P., J.B. Omotosho
Title:An analysis of convective systems on a 100-km scale during GATE
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 114, 1425-1444
Abstract:Using data on a 100 km-scale from Phase III of GATE, the kinematic and thermodynamic properties of the mesoscale environment in which convective clouds of varying intensities exist are investigated.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/864


Date:09/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A., J.M. Cram
Title:An alternate procedure for analyzing surface geostrophic winds and pressure over elevated terrain
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 2, 229-236
Abstract:A methodology to analyze a flat surface geostrophic wind pressure is presented which eliminates the arbitrariness of the standard reduction fo surface pressure to mean sea level.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/865


Date:12/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rutledge, S.A.
Title:A severe frontal rainband. Part IV: Precipitation mechanisms, diabatic processes and rainband maintenance
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3570-3594
Abstract:A three-dimensional kinematic cloud model has been used to study the precipitation processes within an intense, narrow cold-frontal rainband (NCFR).
Location:18
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Record ID:41/866


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stewart, R.E., G.M. McFarquhar
Title:On the width and motion of a rain/snow boundary
Publication:Water Resources Research, 23, 343-350
Abstract:A rain/snow boundary moves toward the adjacent rain region owing to the progressive cooling of the atmosphere caused by melting snow.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/867


Date:08/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Verlinde, J., W.R. Cotton
Title:Observed structure and evolution of a mesovortex in the trailing stratiform region of a MCC
Publication:Preprints, 10th Int. Cloud Physics Conf., 15-20 August 1988, Bad Homburg, FRG
Abstract:None
Location:18
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Record ID:41/868


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Yan, H., R.A. Anthes
Title:The effect of variations in surface moisture on mesoscale circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 192-208
Abstract:A two-dimensional numerical model with moist physics is used to simulate circulations induced by horizontal variations in surface-moisture availability.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/869


Date:01/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhang, D.L.
Title:The effect of parameterized ice microphysics on the simulation of vortex circulation with a mesoscale hydrostatic model
Publication:Tellus, 41A, 132-147
Abstract:It has been proposed that ice microphysics, particularly the melting effect, can play an important role in the generated of mesoscale structure and evolution of convective weather systems and associated stratiform rainfall
Location:18
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Record ID:41/870


Date:12/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Fovell, R.G., Y. Ogura
Title:Numerical simulation of a midlatitude squall line in two dimensions
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 3846-3879
Abstract:A two-dimensional anelastic cloud model was used in attempts to numerically replicate the observed structure of a midlatitude squall line.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/871


Date:11/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Dudhia, J., M. Moncrieff
Title:A three-dimensional numerical study of an Oklahoma squall line containing right-flank supercells
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 3363-3391
Abstract:A nonhydrostatic numerical mesoscale has been applied to the study of an Oklahoma squall line with initial conditions taken from the Oklahoma-Kansas Preliminary Regional Experiment for STORM-Central
Location:18
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Record ID:41/872


Date:07/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, K.A.
Title:The mesoscale data base and its use in mesoscale forecasting
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 115, 717-762
Abstract:None
Location:18
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Record ID:41/873


Date:08/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gamache, J.F., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Further analysis of the composite wind and thermodynamic structure of the 12 September GATE squall line
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1241-1259
Abstract:An objective analysis technique is applied to the time-composite and thermodynamic fields of the 12 September GATE tropical squall line.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/874


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Harimaya, T., K. Tobizuka
Title:Enhancement of rainfall by the orographic effect: A case study
Publication:Nat. Disaster Sci., 10, 13-24
Abstract:A case study was made of the response of a cloud cluster to the orography when a cloud cluster around a cyclone passed over the Iburi District of Hokkaido.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/875


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Harimaya, T., K. Tobizuka, K. Kikuchi
Title:Enhancement of rainfall by topographic effects
Publication:Nat. Disaster Sci., 10, 1-14
Abstract:The radar observation was carried out in the Iburi Distict, Hokkaido to study the enhancement of rainfall by tropographic effects and the actual interactions between low topographic clouds and rain clouds associated with disturbance.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/876


Date:08/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ishibara, M., H. Sakakibara, Z. Yanagisawa
Title:Doppler radar analysis of the structure of mesoscale snow bands developed between the winter monsoon and the land breeze
Publication:Met. Soc. Japan, 67, 503-520
Abstract:The characteristics and structure of mesoscale snow clouds generated in the western Hokuriku District of Japan is examined, mainly through Doppler radar data.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/877


Date:02/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kato, S., T. Harimaya
Title:Movement and propagation of clusters of cumulonimbus clouds associated with heavy rainfall
Publication:J. Fac. of Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Series VII, 8, 301-322
Abstract:To study the behavior of clusters of cumulonimbus clouds associated with heavy rainfalls, radar observations were carried out from 25 June to 11 July 1984 in the northwestern part of Kyushu Island.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/878


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kikuchi, K., Y. Asuma, O. Nakahira
Title:Statistical characteristics of radar echoes of precipitating snow clouds over the Isikari Bay Hokkaido, Japan (Radar Echo Climatology; Part 1)
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 67, 221-230
Abstract:The characteristics of radar echoes of the precipitating snow clouds over the Isikari Bay, Hokkaido, Japan were investigated statistically during four months, February and March of 1983 and 1984.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/879


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(78) Flash Floods & Extreme Precipitation
Author:Lussky, G.R.
Title:Heavy rains and flooding in Montana: A case for operational use of symmetric instability diagnosis
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 4, 186-201
Abstract:A strongly developing cyclone east of the Rockies moved northward along the Montana/North Dakota border between 24-26 September 1986 and deposited over 1 in of rain throughout much of eastern Montana
Location:18
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Record ID:41/880


Date:01/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(21) Cumulus Dynamics
Author:van Delden, A.
Title:Comments on 'Mesoscale cellular convection: it is convection?'
Publication:Tellus, 37A, 487-488
Abstract:None
Location:18
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Record ID:41/881


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:McCartor, G.
Title:The initial value problem for acoustic gravity waves
Publication:Q. Appl. Math., XLVII, 295-307
Abstract:The initial value problem for acoustic-gravity waves in atmosphere composed of one or two isothermal layers is solved. For the case of two layers the problem is formulated in an indefinite space.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/882


Date:09/00/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mills, B.J., J.E. Walsh
Title:A winter mesocyclone over the midwestern United States
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 3, 230-242
Abstract:A diagnostic analysis is made of a midwinter mesoscale vortex that developed over the Mississippi Valley and produced moderate to heavy snow with gale force winds (<18 ms^-1), lightning, and thunder along a naffow track approximately 1500 km in length.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/883


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nordeng, T.E.
Title:A model-based diagnostic study of the development and maintenance mechanism of two polar lows
Publication:Tellus, 42A, 92-108
Abstract:The life cycle of two polar lows in the Norwegian Sea have been studied.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/884


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parsons, D.B., S.B. Trier
Title:Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment. Doppler radar operations summary
Publication:NCAR Technical Note TN-35+STR, Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology Div., National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, CO
Abstract:The field phase of the Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) took place from 1 may to 29 June 1987.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/885


Date:09/15/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Raymond, D.J., R. Rotunno
Title:Response of a stably stratified flow to cooling
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2830-2837
Abstract:The spreading of the low-level cold pool produced by evaporation of precipitation is generally acknowledged to be an important mechanism for the regeneration of moist convection.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/886


Date:11/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schumann, U., T. Hauf, H. Holler, H. Schmidt, H. Volkert
Title:A mesoscale model for the simulation of turbulence, clouds and flow over mountains: Formulation and validation examples
Publication:Beitr, Phys. Atmosph., 60, 413-446
Abstract:A three-dimensional numerical model (MESOSCOP) is formulated for the simulation of mesoscale (and microscale) atmospheric processes.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/887


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tsay, C.Y., W.S. Kau
Title:The coupling of upper-level and low-level jet streaks during Taiwan heavy rainfall period in Mei-Yu season
Publication:Pap. Meteorol. Res., 12, 17-31
Abstract:In this study, we analyzed three heavy rainfall cases in the Mei-Yu season of the FGGe year, i.e. May and June of 1979
Location:18
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Record ID:41/888


Date:03/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ye, Z.J., M. Segal, R.A. Pielke
Title:A comparative study of daytime thermally induced upslope flow on Mars and Earth
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 612-628
Abstract:Several characteristics of thermally induced mesoscale upslope flow on Mars and its comparison with that on Earth were investigated using both analytical and numerical model approaches.
Location:18
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Record ID:41/889


Date:11/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Young, G.S., J.M. Fritsch
Title:A proposal for general conventions in analyses of mesoscale boundaries
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 70, 1412-1421
Abstract:A generalized set of conventions for facilitating analysis of mesoscale boundaries is proposed, and an example of the utility of the new conventions is presented.
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Record ID:41/890


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Zhang, D.L., J.M. Fritsch
Title:A numerical investigation of a convectively generated, inertially stable, extratropical warm-core mesovortex over land. Part I: Structure and evolution
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2660-2687
Abstract:A 36-h nested-grid numerical simulation of the life cycle of a convectively generated, inertially stable, warm-core mesovortex is presented.
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Record ID:41/891


Date:01/15/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Zhang, D.L., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Numerical sensitivity experiments of varying model physics on the structure, evolution and dynamics of two mesoscale convective systems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 261-293
Abstract:The effects of different model physics and different convective and boundary layer parameterization schemes are investigated using an 18-h nested grid numerical simulation of the mesoscle convective systems
Location:19
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Record ID:41/892


Date:03/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Wyss, J., K.A. Emanuel
Title:The pre-storm environment of midlatitude prefrontal squall lines
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 790-794
Abstract:Composite environmental profiles of wind and temperature are presented for squall line cases that are spatially removed from frontal distrubances
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Record ID:41/893


Date:02/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Rotunno, R., J. Klemp, M. Weisman
Title:A theory for strong, long-lived squall lines
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 45, 463-485
Abstract:We study herein the mechanics of long-lived, line-oriented, precipitating cumulus convection using two- and three-dimensional numericla models of moist convection.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/894


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Kessinger, C.J., P.S. Ray, C.E. Hane
Title:The Oklahoma squall line of 19 May 1977. Part I: A multiple Doppler analysis of convective and strtiform structure
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 2840-2864
Abstract:On 19 May 1977, a severe squall line formed and moved through the National Severe Storms Laboratory observing network in Oklahoma, producing heavy rain, hail, strong winds, and tornadoes.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/895


Date:10/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Hane, C.E., C.J. Kessinger, P.S. Ray
Title:The Oklahoma squall line of 19 May 1977. Part II: Mechanisms for maintenance of the region of strong convection
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 2866-2883
Abstract:The findings are based upon analysis of data from surveillance radar, a surface mesonetwork, Doppler radars, proximity soundings and aircraft data and upon the results of a two-dimensional, cloud-scale
Location:19
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Record ID:41/896


Date:03/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Augustine, J.A., K.W. Howard
Title:Mesoscale convective complexes over the U.S. during 1985
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 685-701
Abstract:Digital GOES infrared imagery is used to document mesoscale convective complexes over the U.S. during 1985
Location:19
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Record ID:41/897


Date:11/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(11) Cirrus
Author:Auria, R., B. Caompistron
Title:Origin of precipitation and dynamic organization in wavelike precipitation bands
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3329-3340
Abstract:Wavelike parallel precipitation bands, embedded in a layer of cirrus clouds, were studied with a vertically pointing millimetric Dopple radar. Their mean dimensions were 17 km between bands, a 50-km band length and one 6-k band width. Their translation velocity
Location:19
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Record ID:41/898


Date:11/15/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Levy, G., C.S. Bretherton
Title:On a theory of the evolution of surface cold fronts
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3413-3418
Abstract:The governing vorticity and divergence equations in the surface layer are derived and the roles of the different terms and feeback mechanisms are investigated in semigeostrophic and nongeostrophic cold-frontal systems. A planetary boundary layer model is used to
Location:19
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Record ID:41/899


Date:11/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(26) Extra Tropical Cyclones
Author:Nuss, W.A., R.A. Anthes
Title:A numerical investigation of low-level processes in rapid cyclogenesis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 115, 2728-2743
Abstract:Several physical processes and properties of the initial state that affect marine cyclogenesis are examine using a mesoscale numerical model. The sensitivity of an idealized cyclone to the effects of latent heat release, surface heat and moisture fluxes
Location:19
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Record ID:41/900


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Braham, R.R., R.D. Kelly
Title:Lake-ffect snow storms on Lake Michigan, USA
Publication:Cloud Dynamics, E.M. Agee and T. Asai (eds.), 87-101
Abstract:Examples are presented of three different convective patterns in lake-effect snow storms over Lake Michigan, USA
Location:19
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Record ID:41/901


Date:09/22/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Braham, R.R., Jr.
Title:Cloud and motion fields in open-cell convection over Lake Michigan
Publication:Preprints, 23rd Conf. on Radar Met. & Conf. on Cloud Physics, 22-26 Sept. 1986, Snowmass, CO
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/902


Date:01/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cheng, M.D.
Title:Effects of downdrafts and mesoscale convective organization on the heat and moisture budgets of squall and nonsquall cloud clusters in the tropics
Publication:Ph.D. dissertation, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, University of California at Los Angeles, 222 pp.
Abstract:A diagnostic cumulus ensemble model is developed to study the effects of downdrafts and mesoscale convective organization on the heat and moisture budgets of squall and nonsquall cloud clusters
Location:19
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Record ID:41/903


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A.
Title:Moist convection at a surface cold front
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 3469-3494
Abstract:The motion of a surface cold front in an environment that is unstable to moist convection is studied with the aid of both hydrostatic and nonhydrostatic two-dimensional models
Location:19
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Record ID:41/904


Date:08/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.
Title:Numerical sensitivity study of the morphology of lake-effect snow storms over Lake Michigan
Publication:Preprints, 10th Intl. Cloud Physics. Conf., 15-20 August 1988, Bad Homburg, FRG
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/905


Date:03/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johns, R.H., W.D. Hirt
Title:Derechos: Widespread convectively induced windstorms
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 2, 32-49
Abstract:The derecho, a widespread convectively induced windstorm, is identified and defined in terms of current nomenclature.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/906


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuo, Y.H., R.J. Reed
Title:Numerical simulation of an explosively deepening cyclone in the Eastern Pacific
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2081-2105
Abstract:A series of nine experiments were conducted using a version of the Pennsylvania State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research (PSU/NCAR) mesoscale model.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/907


Date:11/20/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, C.A., R.E. Stewart
Title:Mesoscale circulations initiated by melting snow
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 91, 13,299-13,302
Abstract:A linearized model is used to examine the dynamical effects of a mesoscale temperature perturbation in the lower troposphere.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/908


Date:02/22/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Menard, R.D., D.L. Sims, J.M. Fritsch
Title:Case example of the effect of a wake low on subsequent convective events
Publication:Preprints, 15th Conf. on Severe Local Storms, 22-26 Feb. 1988, Baltimore, MD
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/909


Date:10/20/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Moore, G.W.K., R.E. Stewart
Title:The coupling between melting and convective air motions in stratiform clouds
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 90, 10,659-10,666
Abstract:Unlike evaporation and condensation that can occur throughout the depth of the atmosphere, the melting of snowfalkes can only occur at temperatures near 0oC.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/910


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K., K. Kurihara
Title:Forecast experiment on a long-lived meso-alpha-scale convective system in Baiu frontal zone
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 65, 885-899
Abstract:Forecast experiments on a long-lived meso-alpha-scale convective system (MaCS) in the Baiu frontal zone were made by using a 13-level 64 km-mesh primitive equation model.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/911


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Niino, H.
Title:The linear theory of land and sea breeze circulation
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 65, 901-921
Abstract:The linear theory of land and sea breeze circulaiton (LSBC) shows that, in the absence of the Coriolis forece and under the hydrostatic approximation, there exists a similarity solution
Location:19
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Record ID:41/912


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Saha, S., M.H. van den Dool
Title:A measure of the practical limit of predictability
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2522-2526
Abstract:An objective and practical limit of predictability for NWP models is proposed.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/913


Date:12/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schoenberger, L.M.
Title:Mesoscale feature of the Michigan land breeze using PAM II temperature data
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 1, 127-135
Abstract:During the period 16-20 December 1983, the northern United States was enduring a recod-breaking cold air outbreak.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/914


Date:09/22/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schoengerger, L.M.
Title:Mesoscale features of a midlake snow band
Publication:Preprints, 23rd Conf. on Radar Met. and Conf. on Cloud Physcs, Sept. 22-26, 1986, Snowmass, CO, AMS, JP206-JP209.
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/915


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., W.E. Schreiber, G. Kallos, J.R. Garratt, A. Rodi, J. Weaver, R.A. Pielke
Title:The impact of crop areas in northeast Colorado on midsummer mesoscale thermal circulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 809-825
Abstract:The present study provides a preliminary evaluation of mesoscale circulations forced by surface gradients of heating arising from irrigated area adjacent to dry land.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/916


Date:06/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sinclair, P.C., R.E. Dattore
Title:Air motion and thermodynamic structure of the Grand Canyon atmosphere
Publication:Final Report for NOAA Grant NA81RAH-00001, CIRA, CSU, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 33 pp + appendices
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/917


Date:04/20/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Stewart, R.E.
Title:Deep 0oC isothermal layers within precipitation bands over South Ontario
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 89, 2567-2572
Abstract:Isothermal layers having a temperature of 0oC and depths up to 1 km were measued within two precipitation bands occurring within autumn storms over southern Ontario.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/918


Date:12/01/1966
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sykes, R.B., Jr.
Title:The blizzard of '66 in central New York State--Legend in its time
Publication:Weatherwise, 240-247
Abstract:Mpme
Location:19
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Record ID:41/919


Date:08/20/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Velasco, I., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Mescoscale convective complexes in the Americas
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 92, 9591-9613
Abstract:Enhanced infrared satellite imagery and conventional surface and sounding data are used to document the existence and climatological characteristics of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) over midlatitude South America (south of 20oS) and
Location:19
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Record ID:41/920


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wei, T.
Title:The GATE squall line of 9-10 August 1974
Publication:Adv. Atmos. Sci., 4, 85-92
Abstract:A tropical squall line that passed over the ship array of the Global Atmospheric Research Programme's Atlantic Tropical experiment (GATE) on 9-10 August 1974 is analyzed.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/921


Date:12/01/1995
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Scott, J.D., S.A. Rutledge
Title:Doppler radar observations of an asymmetric mesoscale convective system and associated vortex couplet.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 3437-3457.
Abstract:A study of the 28 May 1985 'asymmetric' mesoscale convective system (MCS) observed during PRE-STORM is presented.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/922


Date:06/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Mohr, K.I., E.J. Zipser
Title:Defining mesoscale convective systems by their 85-GHz ice-scattering signatures
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 77, 1179-1189
Abstract:Mesoscale convective systems are composed of numerious deep convective cells with varying amounts of large, convectively produced ice particles aloft
Location:20
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Record ID:41/923


Date:11/01/1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:McGaughey, G., E.J. Zipser, R.W. Spencer, R.E. Hood
Title:High-resolution passive microwave observations of convective systems over the tropical Pacific ocean
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 35, 1921-1962
Abstract:This paper presents high-resolution passive microwave measurements obtained in the western Pacific warm pool region
Location:20
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Record ID:41/924


Date:10/15/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Lin, Y.J., T.C.C. Wang, R. Pasken, H. Shen, Z.S. Deng
Title:Characteristics of a subtropical squall line determined from TAMEX dual-Doppler data. Part II: Dynamic and thermodynamic structures and momentum budgets
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 2382-2399
Abstract:A thermodynamic retrieval method was used tos tudy the dynamical and thermodynamical structure of a subtropical squall line.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/925


Date:08/31/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, W.R., R.L. McAnelly
Title:An analysis of radar echo morphology and mesoscale processes associated with mesoscale convective systems in the United States northern plains
Publication:Final Tech. Report NSF Grant ATM-88306521, Colorado State Univ., Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 53 pp.
Abstract:None
Location:20
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Record ID:41/926


Date:09/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cram, J.M.
Title:Numerical simulation and anlysis of the propagation of a prefrontal squall line
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 471, Colorado State University, Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 332 pp.
Abstract:An observational and numerical study of the squall line that occurred on 17-18 June 1978 is described.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/927


Date:01/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke
Title:Thermal compression waves. I: Total-energy transfer
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 120, 305-332
Abstract:Total energy is considered a fundamental quantity that is transfered poleward by the general circulation of the atmosphere.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/928


Date:01/01/1994
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke
Title:Thermal compression waves. II: Mass adjustment and vertical transfer of total energy
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 120, 333-359
Abstract:A fully compressible model is used to simulate the mass adjustment that occurs in response to a prescribed heat source.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/929


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Physick, W.L.
Title:Review: Mesoscale modelling in complex terrain
Publication:Earth-Sci. Rev., 25, 199-235
Abstract:This review focuses on those aspects of mesoscale models which require special techniques and parameterizations when modelling flow over complex terrain.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/930


Date:06/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sun, J., F. Roux
Title:Thermodynamic structure of the trailing stratiform regions of two west African squall lines
Publication:Ann. Geophysicae, 6, 659-670
Abstract:Mesoscale two-dimensional wind and reflectivity fields, derived from a composite analysis of Doppler radar echo, are used to retrieve pressure and temperature fields in the trailing stratiform parts of two West African squall lines
Location:20
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Record ID:41/931


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Trier, S.B.
Title:Taiwan area mesoscale experiment: A guid to precipitation patterns during the 1987 field phase
Publication:NCAR/TN-350+STR, National Center for Atmospheric Research, MMM Div., Boulder, CO, 333 pp.
Abstract:The Taiwan Area Mesosclae Experiment (TAMEX) is a cooperative research program between scientists from the Republic of China (ROC) and the United States.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/932


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Vescio, M.D.
Title:The wind's response to transient mesoscale pressure fields associated with squall lines
Publication:CIRA Report, ISSN NO. 0737-5352-17, CIRA, Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO 80523, 86 pp.
Abstract:A simple one-dimensional slab model has been developed to examine the wind's response to transient mesoscale pressure fields that frequently accompany mature midlatitude squall lines.
Location:20
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Record ID:41/933


Date:5/1/1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(51) Numerical Weather Prediction
Author:Dudhia, J.
Title:A nonhydrostatic version of the Penn State NCAR mesoscale model: Validation tests and simulation of an Atlantic cyclone and cold front.
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 121, 5, 1493-1513
Abstract:A nonhydrostatic extension to the Penn State University-NCAR Mesoscale Model is presented.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/934


Date:05/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Zhang, D.L., K. Gao, D.B. Parsons
Title:Numerical simulation of an intense squall line duirng 10-11 June 1985 PRE-STORM. Part I: Model verification
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 960-994
Abstract:A 24 h nested-grid simulation of an intense squall line during the 1985 PRE-STORM experiment is presented using an improved version of the Pennsylvania State University/National Center for Atmospheric Research three-dimensional mesoscale model.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/935


Date:07/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Willis, P.T., A.J. Heymsfield
Title:Structure of the melting layer in mesoscale convective system stratiform precipitation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2008-2025
Abstract:This study examines the aircraft observations and theoretical evolution of particles above, through, and below the melting layer in the stratiform region associated with a mesoscale convective system (MCS).
Location:21
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Record ID:41/936


Date:07/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Rutledge, S.A., R.A. Houze, Jr., M.I. Biggerstaff, T. Matejka
Title:The Oklahome-Kansas mesoscale convective systems of 10-11 June 1985: Precipitation structure and single-Doppler radar analysis
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 1409-1430
Abstract:The 10-11 June mesoscale convective system observed in Kansas during PRE-STORM is studied using a variety of observations including conventional radar, satellite, and single-Doppler radar.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/937


Date:12/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Nicholls, M.E., M.J. Weissbluth
Title:A comparison of two-dimensional and quasi-three-dimensional simulations of a tropical squall line
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 116, 2437-2435
Abstract:Results of a simulation of a tropical squall line which allows three dimensionality on the scale of convective elements, shows many similarieis with those of a two-dimensional simulation.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/938


Date:06/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Menard, R.D., J.M. Fritsch
Title:A mesoscale convective complex-generated inertially stable warm core vortex
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 1237-1261
Abstract:A long-lived mesoscale convectively-generated vortex associated with a mesoscale convective complex is documented
Location:21
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Record ID:41/939


Date:04/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Chong, M., D. Hauser
Title:A tropical squall line observed during the COPT 81 experiment in West Africa. Part II: Water budget
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 117, 728-744
Abstract:The relative contributions of the different process involved in the water budget of the 22 June 1981 tropical squall line are investigated.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/940


Date:05/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Auer, A.H., Jr.
Title:Comments on 'Heavy snowfall during an Arctic outbreak along the Colorado FrontRange'
Publication:Nat. Wea. Digest., 16, 19.
Abstract:None
Location:21
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Record ID:41/941


Date:01/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Avissar, R., R.A. Pielke
Title:The impact of plant stomatal control on mesoscale atmospheric circulations
Publication:Ag. Forest Met., 54, 353-372
Abstract:Only a few numerical studies with mesoscale atmospheric models have been undertaken to explore the influence of vegetation on the generation and modification of mesoscale atmospheric circulations.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/942


Date:04/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ballard, S.P., B.J. Wright, B.W. Golding
Title:Diagnosis of visibility in the UK Met Office mesoscale model and the use of a visibility analysis to constrain initial conditions
Publication:Scientific Paper No. 4, Short Range Forecasting Division, Meteorological Office, Bracknell, Berkshire, UK.
Abstract:None
Location:21
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Record ID:41/943


Date:01/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Burger, A.P.
Title:The potential vorticity equation: from planetary to small scale
Publication:Tellus, 43A, 191-197
Abstract:A systematic approach for specializing equations to any specific scale from planetary to fairly small scale, is refined and applied to the potnetial vorticity equation.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/944


Date:01/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dalu, G.A., R.A. Pielke, R. Avissar, G. Kallos, M. Baldi, A. Buerrini
Title:Linear impact of thermal inhomogeneities on mesoscale atmospheric flow with zero synoptic wind
Publication:Ann. Geoph. 9, 641-647
Abstract:In this paper we present an analytical evaluation of the perturbations to mesoscale atmospheric flows induced by thermal inhomogeneities in the convective boundary layer
Location:21
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Record ID:41/945


Date:02/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Daren, L., T.E. VanZandt, W.L. Clark
Title:Mesoscale spectra of the free atmospheric motion in mid-latitude summer--universality and contribution of thunderstorm activities
Publication:Adv. Atmos. Sci., 4, 106-111
Abstract:Meridional and vertical wind velocities of the free atmosphere were observed continuously in mid-latitude summer of 1981 by using Platteville ST radar in the eastern Colorado plains in order to obtain the mesoscale spectra
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Record ID:41/946


Date:03/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Fovell, R.G.
Title:Influence of the Coriolis force in two-dimensional model storms
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 606-630
Abstract:Two-dimensional model simulations were made to gage the effect of the Coriolis force on model lines
Location:21
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Record ID:41/947


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Garratt, J.R., R.A. Pielke, W.F. Miller, T.J. Lee
Title:Mesoscale model response to random, surface-based perturbations--A sea-breeze experiment
Publication:Boundary-layer Met., 52, 313-334
Abstract:The introduction into a mesoscale model of random (in space) variations in roughness length, or random (in space in time) surface perturbations of temperature and friction velocity, produces a measurable, but barely significant, response in the
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Record ID:41/948


Date:10/01/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Geotis, S.G., R.A. Houze, Jr.
Title:Rain amounts near and over North Borneo during winter MONEX
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 113, 1824-1828
Abstract:Radar and rain guage data are used to determine the precipitation pattern in the vicinity of the north coast of Borneo during winter MONEX.
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Record ID:41/949


Date:02/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hjelmfelt, M.R.
Title:Orographic effects in simulated lake-effect snowstorms over Lake Michigan
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 120, 373-377
Abstract:Numerical simulations of lake-effect snowstorms over Lake Michigan show that orography enhances precipitation rates and mesoscale updrafts and strengthens the land breeze.
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Record ID:41/950


Date:12/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hobbs, P.V., J.D. Locatelli, J.E. Martin
Title:Cold fronts aloft and the forecasting of precipitation and severe weather east of the Rocky Mountains
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 5, 613-626
Abstract:Brief descriptions are given of four cases that illustrate the important role that cold fronts aloft (CFA) can play in producing signficant weather east of the Rocky Mountains.
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Record ID:41/951


Date:01/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Hoskins, B.J.
Title:Towards a PV-theta view of the general circulation
Publication:Tellus, 43AB, 27-35
Abstract:In recent years, there has been a resurgence of interest in using isentropic coordinates and Rossby-Ertel potential vorticity (PV) for diagnosing the behavior of middle latitude synoptic systems.
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Record ID:41/952


Date:08/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ikawa, M., H. Sakakibara, M. Ishihara, Z. Yanagisawa
Title:Two-dimensional simulation of the convective snow band observed over the Japan Sea: The structure and time evolution of the organized multicellular convection
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 63, 605-633
Abstract:In winter, 1984, snow cloud bands (sakakibara et al. 1987) were observed over the Japan sea off the coast of Kanazawa
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Record ID:41/953


Date:03/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ikawa, M.
Title:Two-dimensional simulation of the convective snow band observed over the Japan Sea: Part 2 - Precipitaiton mechanism of the convective snow band and the effects of the different parameterizations of cloud microphysics on the convective snow cloud
Publication:Pap. Met. Geophys., 39, 13-43
Abstract:In winter, 1984, snow cloud bands (sakakibara et al., 1987) were observed over the Japan sea off the coast of Kanazawa (N36.6, E136.7).
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Record ID:41/954


Date:08/01/1984
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kuo, Y.H., R.A. Anthes
Title:Mesoscale budgets of heat and moisture in a convective system over the central United States
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 1482-1497
Abstract:The effect of midlatitude organized convection on its environment is diagnosed through the calculation of mesoscale heat and moisture budgets over a region during the 10-11 April 1979 AVE-SESAME case.
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Record ID:41/955


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mahfouf, J.F., E. Richard, P. Mascart, E.C. Nickerson, R. Rosset
Title:A comparative study of various parameteriations of the planetary boundary layer in a numerical mesoscale model
Publication:J. Clim. Appl. Met., 26, 1671-1695
Abstract:Various parameterizations of the planetary boundary layer (PBL) currently used in three-dimensional (3D) mesoscale models are compared with a more complex scheme including a turbulent kinetic energy (TKE) equation.
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Record ID:41/956


Date:04/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Nakajima, K., T. Matsuno
Title:Numerical experiments concerning the origin of cloud clusters in the tropical atmosphere
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 66, 309-329
Abstract:A large-domain, two-dimensional cloud convection model was used for the purpose of examining the natural properties of cloud convections under idealized conditions: the atmosphere received heat and moisture from an
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Record ID:41/957


Date:09/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Prezerakos, N.G., T. Petroliagis
Title:The extremely severe local weather in northern Greece on 21 July 1983
Publication:Met. Mag., 117, 265-275
Abstract:A description is given of a detailed investigation of the wind storm (bourini) which hit the northern and central parts of Greece, particulayr the coasts of
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Record ID:41/958


Date:06/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Roux, F.
Title:The west African squall line observed on 23-24 June 1981 during COPT81
Publication:Document Travail DT/CRPE/1164, Centre National De La Recherche Scintifique, 38-40 rue du General Leclerc, 92131 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France
Abstract:None
Location:21
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Record ID:41/959


Date:10/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rutledge, S.A.
Title:A study of stratiform regions associated with mesoscale convective systems
Publication:Final Tech. Report, Colorado State Univ., Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 11 p. + appendices.
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/960


Date:03/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Schaaf, C.B., J. Wurman, R.M. Banta
Title:Thunderstorm-producing terrain features
Publication:Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 69, 272-277
Abstract:Thunderstorms were traced back to their initiation sites to determine areas of repeated thunderstorm genesis over the Sangre de Cristo Mountains of Colorado and New Mexico.
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Record ID:41/961


Date:08/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Fulton, S., W. Schubert, R. Hertenstein
Title:Balanced atmospheric response to squall lines
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 46, 2478-2483
Abstract:When a squall line propagates through the atmosphere, it not only excites transient gravity- intertia wave motion but also produces more permananet modifications to the large scale balance flow.
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Record ID:41/962


Date:01/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Setvak, M., J. Strachota
Title:Remote sensing methods and mesoscale aspects of the severe winds of 23 November 1984
Publication:Weather, 42, 202-209
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/963


Date:01/01/1986
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xu, Q.
Title:Conditional symmetric instability and mesoscale rainbands
Publication:Quart. J.R. Met. Soc., 112, 315-334
Abstract:The linear theory of conditional symmetric instability (CSI) is re-examined in a rigorous framework.
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Record ID:41/964


Date:01/01/1988
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhang, D.L., E.Y. Hsie, M.W. Moncrieff
Title:A comparison of explicit and implicit predictions of convective and stratiform precipitating weather systems with a meso-beta-scale numerical model
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 114, 31-60
Abstract:The feasibility of the implicit (parameterized) compared to the explicit (grid-resolved) approach for meso-beta-scale models is examined using two different mesoscale precipitating weather systems (MPWSs)
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Record ID:41/965


Date:02/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Nicholls, M.E., R.A. Pielke, W.R. Cotton
Title:A two-dimensional numerical investigation of the interaction between sea breezes and deep convection over the Florida peninsula
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 298-323
Abstract:Deep convection initiated by sea breezes over the Florida peninsula is simulated using a two-dimensional nonhydrostatic model.
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Record ID:41/966


Date:12/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Miller, D., J.M. Fritsch
Title:Mesoscale convective complexes in the western Pacific region
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 2978-2992
Abstract:A climatological study of mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs) during 1983-1985 over the western Pacific region (WPR), using full-disc, enhanced infrared satellite imagery from the Japanese
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Record ID:41/967


Date:1101/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Johnson, R.H., J.F. Bresch
Title:Diagnosed characteristics of precipitation systems over Taiwan during the May-June 1987 TAMEX
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 2540-2557
Abstract:Characteristics of Mei-Yu precipitating cloud systems over Taiwan during the May-June 1987 Taiwan Area Mesoscale Experiment (TAMEX) have been studied using sounding, surface precipitation, and radar data.
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Record ID:41/968


Date:01/01/1982
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Joseph, P.V.
Title:A tentative model of Andhi
Publication:Mausam, 33, 417-422
Abstract:Based on the thunderstorm downdraft model developed by Charba (1974) and Goff (1976), a tentative model of Andhi (the convective duststorm of northwest India) has been suggested.
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Record ID:41/969


Date:01/01/1980
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Joseph, P.V., D.K. Raipal, S.N. Deka
Title:Andhi, the convective duststorm of northwest India
Publication:Mausam, 31, 431-442
Abstract:The convective duststorm occurring over Northwest India during the pre-monsoon season is called 'Andhi'.
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Record ID:41/970


Date:09/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Keyser, D., R. Rotunno
Title:On the formation of potential-vorticity anomalies in upper-level jet-front systems
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 1914-2388
Abstract:We review and discuss a difference in interpretation of the role of turbulence in modifying the potential-vorticity distribution in the vicinity of upper-level jet-fronr systems.
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Record ID:41/971


Date:12/01/1989
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kurganskiy, M.V.
Title:Relationship between helicity and potential vorticity in a compressible rotating field
Publication:Izv., Atmos. Oceanic Phys., 25, 979-981
Abstract:None
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Record ID:41/972


Date:02/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Martin, J.E., J.D. Locatelli, P.V. Hobbs
Title:Organization and structure of clouds and precipitation on the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States. Part III: The evolution of a middle-tropospheric cold front
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 118, 195-217
Abstract:The development of a complex middle-tropospheric frontal structure, the various weather associated with its progression across the United States, and its role in the production of precipitation in the eastern third of the United States are examined.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/973


Date:06/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ninomiya, K., K. Hoshino
Title:Evolution process and multi-scale structure of a polar low developed over the Japan Sea on 11-12 December 1985. Part II: Meso-beta-scale low in meso-alpha-scale polar low
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 68, 307-318
Abstract:The evolution process and structure of a polar low (meso-alpha-scale low in the polar airmass), which developed on 11-12 December 1985 are studied in part I of the present study.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/974


Date:05/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Peskov, B.E., G.V. Khokhlov
Title:Strong squalls and possibilities of their very short-term forecast
Publication:Soviet Met. Hydrol., 5, 26-32
Abstract:By the example of a strong squall on 8 June 1988 at Izhevsk the possibility of a very short-term forecast of a squall using weather radar information is analyzed.
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Record ID:41/975


Date:01/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rottman, J.W., F. Einaudi, S.E. Koch, W.L. Clark
Title:A case study of penetrative convection and gravity waves over the PROFS mesonetwork on 23 July 1983
Publication:Meteorol. Atmos. Phys., 47, 205-227
Abstract:This paper describes the evolution of two thunderstorms which developed over northeastern Colorado on 23 July 1983, and more significantly dicusses the possible causal relationship between them.
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Record ID:41/976


Date:10/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rotunno, R., P.K. Smolarkiewicz
Title:Further results on lee vortices in low-Froude-number flow
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 2204-2211
Abstract:None
Location:21
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Record ID:41/977


Date:06/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sasaki, H., T. Satomura
Title:Numerical experiments on convergence cloud bands over the northern part of the Japan Sea
Publication:J. Met. Soc. Japan, 69, 375-388
Abstract:Two convergence cloud bands over the northern part of the Japan Sea are simulated with a 2-dimensional non-hydrostatic cloud model and the results are compared with special observations performed by the Japan Meteorological
Location:21
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Record ID:41/978


Date:04/15/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., J.R. Garratt, R.A. Pielke, Z. Ye
Title:Scaling and numerical model evaluation of snow-cover effects on the generation and modification of daytime mesoscale circulations
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 1024-1042
Abstract:Consideration of the sensible heat flux characteristics over a snow surface suggests a signifcant diminution in the magnitude of the flux, compared to that over a snow-free surface under the same environmental conditions.
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Record ID:41/979


Date:11/01/1981
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Shengchun, T.
Title:Effect of merging of the convective cloud clusters on occurrence of heavy rainfall
Publication:Adv. Atmos. Sci., 8, 499-504
Abstract:Sun et al. (1983) have given some favourable environmental conditions and have shown that there are four common features in convective rainstorms.
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Record ID:41/980


Date:02/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thompson, W.T., S.D. Burk
Title:An investigation of an Arctic front with a vertically nested mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 119, 233-261
Abstract:A vertically mesoscale regional numerical weather prediction model is used to simulate an arctic front.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/981


Date:03/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Thornes, J.E., J. Shao
Title:A comparison of UK road ice prediction models
Publication:Met. Mag., 120, 51-57
Abstract:The performance of three models are compared and analyzed using a variety of statistical techniques.
Location:21
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Record ID:41/982


Date:12/01/1987
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Toth, J.J.
Title:Interaction of shallow cold surges with topography of scales of 100-1000 km
Publication:CIRA Report, ISSN No. 0737-5352-8, Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523
Abstract:A shallow cold air mass is defined as one not extending to the top of the mountain ridge with which it interacts.
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Record ID:41/983


Date:10/01/1992
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Weisman, M.L.
Title:The role of convectively generated rear-inflow jets in the evolution of long-lived mesoconvective systems
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 1826-1847
Abstract:In this study, the structure of convectively generated rear-inflor jets and their role in the evolution of long-lived mesoconvective systems are investigated through an analysis of idealized three-dimensional simulations using a nonhydrostatic
Location:19
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Record ID:41/984


Date:02/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Unkasevic, M.
Title:Evidence of the urban heat island in Belgrade
Publication:Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., 64, 55-63
Abstract:The analysis of air temperature data for a period of 20 years from the meteorological network stations in the greater Belgrade area shows clearly the evvect of the urban heat island
Location:19
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Record ID:41/985


Date:01/01/1990
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Weisman, M.L.
Title:The genesis of bow echoes: A rear-inflow induced meso-convective structure
Publication:NCAR/CT-125, The Pennsylvania State University and National Center for Atmospheric Research Cooperative Thesis, Boulder, CO,148 pp
Abstract:A series of idealized simulations using a nonhydrostatic cloud model is used to investigate the genesis of bow echoes (a long-lived bow-shaped system of convective cells that is especially noted for producing long swaths of damaging surface winds).
Location:19
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Record ID:41/986


Date:05/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wesley, D., J. Weave, R. Pielke
Title:Reply to comments on 'heavy snowfall during an Arctic outbreak along the Colorado Front Range'
Publication:Nat. Wea. Digest, 16, 20-21
Abstract:None
Location:19
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Record ID:41/987


Date:09/01/1991
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xian, Z., R.A. Pielke
Title:The effects of width of landmasses on the development of sea breezes
Publication:J. Appl. Met., 30, 1280-1304
Abstract:A two-dimensional hydrostatic model has been employed to simulate sea-breeze ciculations introduced by different-sized landmasses.
Location:19
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Record ID:41/988


Date:07/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(37) Inadvertent Weather Modification
Author:Pielke, R.A., R.L. Walko, L.T. Steyaert, P.L. Vidale, G.E. Liston, W.A. Lyons, T.N. Chase
Title:The influence of anthropogenic landscape changes on weather in South Florida
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 1663-1673
Abstract:Using identical observed meteorology for lateral boundary conditions, the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) was integrated for July-August 1973 for south Florida.
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Record ID:41/989


Date:07/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Segal, M., C. Anderson, R.W. Arritt, R.M. Rabin, D.W. Martin
Title:Some observations of the clearning of cumulus clouds downwind from snow-covered areas
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 1687-1692
Abstract:Satellite images that illustrate the clearing of cumulus clouds downwind from snow-covered areas are presented. The cloud clearing resembles that occasionally observed with lakes during warm advection, supporting the suggestion thta the thermal forcing associated with a uniform snow-covered area is comparable to that of a cold-water lake of similar size.
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Record ID:41/990


Date:07/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Adlerman, E.J., K.K. Droegemeier, R. Davies-Jones
Title:A numerical simulation of cyclic mesocyclogenesis
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 56, pp. 2045-2069
Abstract:T 3D nonhydrostatic numerical model, the Advanced Regional Prediction System, is used to study the process of cyclic mesocyclogenesis in a classic supercell thunderstorm.
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Record ID:41/991


Date:07/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Liu, H.-L., P.B. Hays, R.G. Roble
Title:A numerical study of gravity wave breaking and impacts on turbulence and mean state
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 56, pp. 2152-2177
Abstract:None.
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Record ID:41/992


Date:08/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:May, P.T.
Title:Thermodynamic and vertical velocity structure of two gust fronts observed with a wind profiler/RASS during MCTEX
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 1796-1807
Abstract:High-time-resolution wind profiler/RASS observations are used to describe the vertical velocity, temperature, and reflectivity fields of two just fronts in detail.
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Record ID:41/993


Date:08/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rao, P.A., H.E. Fuelberg, K.K. Drogenmeier
Title:High-resolution modeling of the Cape Canaveral area land-water circulations and associated features
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 1808-1821
Abstract:The Advanced Regional Prediction System is used to perform a three-dimensional numerical simulation of land-water circulations near Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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Record ID:41/994


Date:12/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lin, H.M. P.K. Wang
Title:A numerical study of microphysical processes in the 21 June 1991 Northern Taiwan mesoscale precipitation system
Publication:TAO, 8, 385-404
Abstract:A three-dimensional, time-dependent, non-hydrostatic model is used to simulate the microphysical process in a convective precipitation system developed in the northern Taiwan.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/995


Date:09/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Darby, L. S., W. D. Neff, R. M. Banta
Title:Multiscale analysis of a meso-B frontal passage in the complex terrain of the Colorado front range
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 2062-2081
Abstract:Data from a mesoscale observing network are used to describe the evolution of a complex boundary between a dry air mass near the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and a shallo moist air mass over the eastern plains.
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Record ID:41/996


Date:09/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Charney, J. J., J. M. Fritsch
Title:Discrete frontal propagation in a nonconvective environment
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 2083-2101
Abstract:Surface discrete frontal propagation in a wintertime, nonconvective environment is documented using conventional surface and uppper-air data and simulated using the PSU-NCAR mesoscale model.
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Record ID:41/997


Date:10/15/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Gavrilov, N. M., S. Fukao
Title:A comparison of seasonal variations of gravity wave intensity observed by the MU Radra with a theoretical model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 56, pp. 3485-3494
Abstract:A theoretical model of an ensemble of harmonics of internal gravity waves (IGWs) prpagating from random sources in teh atmosphere is used to explain the seasonal variations of IGW intensity observed at different altitudes in the lower and middle atmosphere with the Japaneese middle and upper atmosphere radar.
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Record ID:41/998


Date:10/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Skamarock, W. C., R. Rotunno, J. B. Klemp
Title:Models of coastally trapped disturbances
Publication:J. Atoms. Sci., 56, pp. 3349-3365
Abstract:During the spring and summer, the climatological northernly flow along the U.S. west coast is occasionally interrupted by transitions to southernly flow that have a limited offshore scale and appear to be manifestations of marine-layer flow that is rotationally trapped by the coastal mountains.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/999


Date:12/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rickenbach, T. M.
Title:Cloud-top evolution of tropical oceanic squall lines from radar reflectivity and infrared satellite data
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 127, pp. 2951-2976
Abstract:Precipitating estimation over the tropical oceans is commonly performed using passive infrared (IR) measurements of cloud-top brightness temperature from geostationary satellites to infer the location of deep convection.
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Record ID:41/1000


Date:02-15-2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Browning, G.L., H.-O. Kreiss, D.W. Van De Kamp
Title:Comments on
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 595-598
Abstract:Recently, Browning and Kreiss (1997) developed that proves that there are two main compoents of the soultion of the forced dynamical system that describes a mesoscale strom driven by cooling and heating processes. The component that contains most of the energy of the solution (and is therefore called the dominant component) satisfies a simple nonlinear system devoid of gravity and sound waves.
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Record ID:41/1001


Date:02-15-2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Ralph, F.M.
Title:Reply
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 599-608
Abstract:
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Record ID:41/1002


Date:03/01/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davies-Jones, R.
Title:A lagrangian model for baroclinic genesis of mesoscale vortices. Part I: Theory
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 715-736
Abstract:The problem of weakly stratified, weakly sheared flow over (or under) obstacles is solved approximately by using a Lagrangian approach that obtains solutions on isentropic or Bernoulli surfaces and hence reveals the vortex lines immediately.
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Record ID:41/1003


Date:03/01/1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(21) Cumulus Dynamics
Author:Kreitzberg, C.W., D.J. Perkey
Title:Release of potential instability: Part I. Sequential plume model within a hydrostatic primitive eqution model
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 456-475
Abstract:The release of potential instability by large-scale lifting and the subsequent interaction of cumulus convection and the hydrostatic mesoscale flow is a most complex scale-interaction process.
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Record ID:41/1004


Date:03-15-2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., J.B. Klemp
Title:Lifting by convergence lines
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci.
Abstract:The lifting depth of a convergence line in an unstratified boundary layer beneath a stably stratified atmosphere is examined with both analytical and numerical models. Cases are considered with and without flow in the layer above the convergence line.
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Record ID:41/1005


Date:07-01-1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zangl, G.
Title:Three-dimensional idealized simulations of the foehn in the region of Innsbuck
Publication:Contr. Atmos.Phys., 72, 243-266
Abstract:The main objective of the work is the simulation of several essential features of a well-developed foehn in the region of Innsbruck including the temporal evolution of the foehn breakthrough. The influence of a transverse valley on tha dynamics of the foehn is investigated in details.
Location:1
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Record ID:41/1006


Date:01/01/1998
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lucero, O.A.
Title:Effects of the southern oscillation on the probability for climatic categories of monthly rainfall, in a semi-arid region in the southern mid-latitudes
Publication:Atmos. Res., 49, 337-348
Abstract:In many regions of the world, planning agricultural and water management activities is usually done based on probabilities for monthly rainfall, taking o values on specified intervals of values.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1007


Date:05/01/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Liu, C., M.W. Moncrieff
Title:Simulated density currents in idealized stratified environments
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 1420-1437
Abstract:The effects of three distinct stratifications on density current dynamics are investigated using a nonhydrostatic numerical model: (i) stably stratified layer underneath a deep neutrally stratified flow, representing a noctural boundary layer over land;
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Record ID:41/1008


Date:07/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:C. Michael Trexler, S. E. Koch
Title:The Life Cycle of a Mesoscale Gravity Wave as Observed by a Network of Doppler Wind Profilers
Publication:Monthly Weather Review, 128, 2423-2446
Abstract:For the first time, an analysis has been made of the evolving vertical structure of a long-lived mesoscale gravity wave that exerted a strong influence upon the precipitation distribution across a large area.
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Record ID:41/1009


Date:04/16/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dalu, G.A., R.A. Pielke, Sr., P.L. Vidale, M. Baldi
Title:Heat transport and weakening of amtospheric stability induced by mesoscale flows
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9349-9363
Abstract:We present an analytical evaluation and interpretation on how diabatic heating of the convective boundary layer (CBL) is transported upward into the midtroposphere by mesoscale flows, and how the air mexes with the envrionment and therefore weakens the atmospheric static stability.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1010


Date:
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Souza, E.P., N.O. Renno, M.A.F. Silva Dias
Title:Convective circulations induced by surface heterogeneities
Publication:JAS, in press.
Abstract:A simple theory for convective circulations induced by surface heterogeneities is proposed.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1011


Date:10/10/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Trier, S.B., C.A. Davis, J.D. Tuttle
Title:Long-lived mesoconvective vortices and their environment Part I: observations fro the central united states during the 1998 arm season
Publication:MWR, 128, 3376-3395
Abstract:Observations from the modernized United States national Weather Service (NS) data network are used to assess the frequency and general charactistics of midtropospheric cyclonic vortices (MCVs) generated by mesoscale convective systems (MCSs).
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1012


Date:11/01/2000
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parsons, D.B., M.A. Shapiro, E. Miller
Title:The mesoscale structure of a nocturnal dryline and of a frontal-dryline merger
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 128, 3824-3838
Abstract:A horizontal gradient in moisture, termed the dryline, is often detected ot the surface over the southern Great Plains of the United States during the spring and early summer.
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Record ID:41/1013


Date:02/01/1999
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lohmann, U., N. McFarlane, L. Levkov, K. Abdella, F. Albers
Title:Comparing different cloud schemes of a single column model by using mesoscale forcing and nudging technique
Publication:J. Clim., 12, 438-461
Abstract:Different cloud schemes are compared using the single column model (scm) version of the general circulation model of the Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1014


Date:06/15/2001
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Welch, W.T., P. Smolarkiewicz, R. Rotunno, B.A. Boville
Title:The large-scale effects of flow over periodic mesoscale topography
Publication:J. of Atmos. Sci.,58, 1477-1492
Abstract:Airflow over two-dimensional sinusoidsal mesoscale topography is studied using simulations from a numerical model, with an eye toward quantification
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Record ID:41/1015


Date:06/15/2001
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Majda,A.J., M.G. Shefter
Title:Models for straiform instability and convectively coupled waves
Publication:J. of Atmos. Sci.,58, 1567-1584
Abstract:A simplified intermediate model for analyzing and parameterizing convectively coupled tropical waves is introduced here.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1016


Date:08/15/2001
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(19) Cumulus
Author:Lane, T.P., M.J. Reeder
Title:Convectively generated gravity waves and their effect on the cloud environment
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 58, 2427-2440
Abstract:Tis study uses a two-dimensional cloud-resolving model to examine how convectively generated gravity waves modify the environment of an isolated convective cloud.
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Record ID:41/1017


Date:01/01/2001
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lynn, B.H., D.R. Stauffer, P.J. Wetzel, W.-K. Tao, P. Alpert, N. Perlin, R. D. Baker, R. Munoz, A. Boone, Y. Jia
Title:Improved simulation of florida summer convection using the PLACE land model and a 1.4-order turbulence parameterization coupled to the Penn State- NCAR mesoscale model
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 129, 1441-1461
Abstract:Three major modifications to treatment of land surface processes in the Pennsylvania State University National Center for Atmospheric Research mesoscale model MM5, are tested in a martix of eight model experiments.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1018


Date:08/1985
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Blanchard, D.O., R. E. Lopez
Title:Spatial Patterns of Convection in South Florida
Publication:Monthly Weather Review, 113, 1282-1299
Abstract:Although they are a fairly consistent feature the sea-breeze and lake-breeze convergence lines and the associated convection over south Florida during the summer may vary considerably from one day to the next.
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Record ID:41/1019


Date:12/2001
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Koch, S.E., S. Saleeby
Title:An Automated System for the Analysis of Gravity Waves and Other Mesoscale Phenomena
Publication:Wea. Forecasting
Abstract:An automated near-real-time system for the surface analysis of gravity waves and other mesoscale phenomena is developed, tested, and applied to several cases.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1020


Date:01/01/1975
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Pielke, R.A.
Title:Influence of the Sea Breeze on Weather and Man
Publication:Weather, 30, 208-221
Abstract:Topography is defined as the disposition of the major natural and man-made physical features of the earth's surface such as would be entered on a map.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1021


Date:4/15/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Lac, C., J. Lafore, J. Redelsperger
Title:Role of Gravity Waves in Triggering Deep Convection during TOGA COARE
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 1293-1316
Abstract:The role of gravity waves in the initiation of convection over oceanic regions during the Tropical Ocean Global Atmosphere Response Experiment (TOGA COARE) experiment is investigated.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1022


Date:07/01/02
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cram, T.A., Montgomery, M.T., Hertenstein, R.F.A.
Title:Early Evolution of Vertical Vorticity in a Numerically Simulated Idealized Convective Line
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci.
Abstract:The generation and organization of mesoscale convective vortices(MCV's) is a recurring theme in midlatitude and tropical meteorology during the warm season
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1023


Date:09/1973
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Dennis, A.S., Schluesener, R.A., Hirsch, J.H., Koscielski, A.
Title:Meteorology of the Black Hills Flood of 1972
Publication:Institute of Atmos. Sci.
Abstract:The storm which flooded the eastern Black Hills on 9 June 1972 occurred on the cold side of Quasi-stationary surface front.
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1024


Date:07/15/02
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Rock, W.C.S., R. Rotunn, J.B. Klemp
Title:Catalina Eddies and Costally Trapped Disturbances
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2270-2278
Abstract:Observations show that coastally trapped disturbances (CTDs) often accompany Catalina eddies that appear in the southern California bight.
Location:
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Record ID:41/1025


Date:01/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xue, M.
Title:Density Currents in Shear Flows: Effects of Rigid Lid and Cold-Pool Internal Circulation and Application to Squall Line Dynamics
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 128, 47-73
Abstract:Idealized density current models that contain a rigid lid, developed in previous studies are evaluated.
Location:
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Record ID:41/1026


Date:04/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xue, M.
Title:Density Currents in Two-Layer Shear Flows
Publication:Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 126, 1301-1320
Abstract:An earlier two-fluid model of an idealized density current in low-level shear is extended to include variable upper level shear.
Location:
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Record ID:41/1027


Date:08/01/1997
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Xue, M., Q. Xu, K.K. Droegmeier
Title:A Theoretical and Numerical Study of Density Currents in Nonconstant Shear Flows
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci, 54, 1998-2019
Abstract:The previous idealized two-fluid model of a density current in constant shear is extended to the case where the inflow shear is confined to the low levels.
Location:
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Record ID:41/1028


Date:1996
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(64) Severe Storms
Author:Grasso, L.D., W.R. Cotton
Title:Numerically simulated dry line in the central plains of the United States
Publication:12th International Conference on Clouds and Precipitation, 12-23 Aug., Zurich, Switzerland
Abstract:none
Location:reprints box 36
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Record ID:41/1029


Date:10/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(74) Land Surface - Soil/Vegetation/Snow
Author:Seuffert, G., P. Gross, C. Simmer, E.F. Wood
Title:The Influence of Hydrologic Modeling on the Predicted Local Weather: Two-Way Coupling of a Mesoscale Weather Prediction Model and a Land Surface Hydrologic Model
Publication:J. Hydromet., 3, 505-523
Abstract:A two-way coupling of the operational mesoscale weather prediction model as Lokal Modell with the land surface by hydrologic
Location:22
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Record ID:41/1030


Date:12/1/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Wirosoetisno, D., T.G. Shepherd, R.M. Temam
Title:Free Gravity Waves and Balanced Dynamics
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 3382-3398
Abstract:It is shown how a renormalization technique, which is a variant of classical Krylov-Bogolyubov-Mitropol'skii averaging, can be used to obtain slow evolution equations for the vortical and inertia-gravity wave components of the dynamics in a rotating flow.
Location:0
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Record ID:41/1031


Date:1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(51) Numerical Weather Prediction
(45) Microphysics - Ice Phase
Author:Meyers, Cotton
Title:Examination of 5-7 March 1990 front range blizzard with mesoscale model with explicit cloud physics
Publication:13th Conference on Weather Analysis Forecasting, 2-6 August 1993, Vienna, VA.
Abstract:none.
Location:reprints box 30
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Record ID:41/1032


Date:1993
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Mocko, Cotton
Title:Predicting boundary-layer fractional cloudiness in a mesoscale model
Publication:13th Conference on Weather Analysis Forecasting, 2-6 August 1993, Vienna, VA.
Abstract:none.
Location:reprints box 30
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Record ID:41/1033


Date:1976
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, George, Pielke
Title:The evolution of cumulonimbus systems in relations to low-level thermally driven mesoscale systems
Publication:International Conference on Cloud Physics, July 26-30, 304-307
Abstract:none.
Location:Citation Only, Full Text Not In Library
Record ID:41/1034


Date:1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(21) Cumulus Dynamics
Author:Cotton, Pielke, Gannon
Title:Numerical experiments on the influence of the mesoscale circulation on the cumulus scale
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 252-261
Abstract:none.
Location:reprints box 11
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Record ID:41/1035


Date:1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(78) Flash Floods & Extreme Precipitation
Author:Pielke, Cotton
Title:A Mesoscale analysis over South Florida for a high rainfall event
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 105, 343-362
Abstract:none
Location:reprints box 12
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Record ID:41/1036


Date:1974
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Cotton, Gannon, Pielke
Title:Numerical experiments of the influence of the mesoscale circulation on the cumulus scale
Publication:Conf. on Cloud Physics, Tuscon, AZ, 21-24
Abstract:none
Location:reprints box 5
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Record ID:41/1037


Date:07/15/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Skamarock, W.C., R. Rotunno, J.B. Klemp
Title:Catalina eddies and coastally trapped disturbances
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 2270-278.
Abstract:Observations show that coastally trapped disturbances (CTDs) often accompany Catalina eddies that appear in the southern California bight.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1038


Date:08/01/2003
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Meyers, M.P., J.S. Snook, D.A. Wesley, G.S. Poulos
Title:A Rocky Mountain storm. Part II: The forest blowdown over the west slope of the northern Colorado mountains--Observations, ananlysis, and modeling
Publication:Wea. Forecasting, 18, 662-674
Abstract:A devasting winter storm affected the Rocky Mountain states over the 3-day period of 24-26 October 1997.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1039


Date:12/01/2003
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Kingsmill, D.E., N.A. Crook
Title:An observational study of atmospheric bore formation from colliding density currents
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2985-3002.
Abstract:Observations from east-central Florida during the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification (CaPE) experiment are used to investigate the factors that influence atmospheric bore formation for colliding density currents.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1040


Date:01/01/2003
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jirak, I.L., W.R. Cotton and R.L. McAnelly
Title:Satellite and radar survey of mesoscale convective system development
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 131, 2428-2449.
Abstract:None
Location:reprints box 45
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Record ID:41/1041


Date:01/01/2004
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Davis, C., N. Atkins, D. Bartels, L. Bosart, M. Coniglio, G. Bryan, W. Cotton, D. Dowell, B. Jewett, R. Johns, D. Jorgensen, J. Knievel, K. Knupp, W-C. Lee, G. McFarquhar, J. Moore, R. Przybylinski, R. Rauber, B. Smull, R. Trapp, S. Trier, R. Wakimoto, M. Weisman, and C. Ziegler
Title:The Bow Echo and MCV Experiment
Publication: Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., August, 1075-1093.
Abstract:None
Location:reprints box 46
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Record ID:41/1042


Date:1/1/2004
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(45) Microphysics - Ice Phase
Author:Jung, J.H., A. Arakawa
Title:The resolution dependence of model physics: Illustrations from nonhydrostatic model experiments
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 88-102.
Abstract:The goal of this paper is to gain insight into the resolution dependence of model physics, the parameterization of moist convection in particular, which is required for accurately predicting large-scale features of the atmosphere.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1043


Date:03/15/2004
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Sharman, R.D., M.G. Wurtele
Title:Three-dimensional structure of forced gravity waves and lee waves
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 664-681
Abstract:The three-dimensional structure of lee waves is investigated using a combination of linear analysis and numerical simulation.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1044


Date:03/01/1977
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Manton, M.J., W.R. Cotton
Title:Formulation of approximate equations for modeling moist deep convection on the mesoscale
Publication:Atmospheric Science Paper No. 266, Colorado State Univ., Dept. of Atmospheric Science, Fort Collins, CO 80523, 62 pp.
Abstract:The aim of this report is to formulate a set of approximate equations which can be applied to the numerical modeling of precipitating, deep, convective mesoscale systems in the atmosphere.
Location:Look in the Bluebooks cabinet #266
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Record ID:41/1045


Date:09/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Tucker, D.F., N.A. Crook
Title:Flow over heated terrain. Part II: Generation of convective precipition
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 2565-2582.
Abstract:Previous studies have shown that thunderstorms in the Rocky Mountain region have preferred area in which to form.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1046


Date:09/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Crook, N.A., D.F. Tucker
Title:Flow over heated terrain. Part I: Linear theory and idealized numerical simulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 2552-2564.
Abstract:The flow past heated topography is examined with both linear and nonlinear models.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1047


Date:04/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(64) Severe Storms
Author:Brimelow, J.C., G.W. Reuter
Title:Transport of amtospheric moisture during three extreme rainfall events over the Mackenzie River basin
Publication:J. Hydromet, 6, No. 4, 423-440.
Abstract:Lagrangian trajectories were computed for thre extreme summer rainfall events (with rainfall exceeding 100 mm) over the southern Mackenzie River basin to test the hypothesis that the low-level moisture feeding these...
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1048


Date:01/01/2002
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Roebber, P.J., G.W. Reuter
Title:The sensitivity of precipitation to circulation details. Part II: Mesoscale modeling
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 3-23.
Abstract:A base case and the best time-coherent, regional analog to that case, identified in Part I, were analyzed to determine the precise mechanisms responsible for the differentces in precipitation amounts.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1049


Date:11/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Weissmann, M., F.J. Braun, L. Gantner, G.J. Mayr, S. Rahm, O. Reitebuch
Title:The Alpine mountain-plain circulation: Airborne Doppler Lidar measurements and numerical simulations
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 3095-3109.
Abstract:On summer days radiative heating of the Alps produces rising air above the mountains and a resulting inflow of air from the foreland.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1050


Date:08/01/2006
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Knupp, K.R.
Title:Observational analysis of a gust front to bore to solitary wave transition within an evolving nocturnal boundary layer
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2016-2035.
Abstract:The evolution of a gust front to bore to solitary wave transition, and comprehensive information on the evolving nocturnal boundary layer (NBL) associated with this change, are described with analysis of radar and profiler measurements.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1051


Date:10/01/2006
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(42) Mesoscale Convective Systems
Author:Trier, S.B., Ca.A. Davis, D.A. Ahijevych, M.L. Weisman, G.H. Bryan
Title:Mechanisms supporting long-lived episodes of propagating nocturnal convection within a 7-day WRF model simulation
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 2437-2461.
Abstract:A large-domain explicit convection simulaiton is used to investigate the life cycle of nocturnal convection for a one-week period of successive zonally propagating heavy precipitation episodes occurring over the center United States.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1052


Date:12/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Munoz, R.C., R.D. Garreaud
Title:Dynamics of the low-level jet off the west coast of subtropical South America
Publication:Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 3661-2677.
Abstract:The subtropical west coast of South America is under the influence of the southeast Pacific anticyclone year-round, which induces persistent southern winds along the coast of north-central Chile.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1053


Date:01/01/2003
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(12) Climate
(74) Land Surface - Soil/Vegetation/Snow
Author:Ray, D.K., U.S. Nair, R.M. Welch, Q. Han, J. Zeng, W. Su, T. Kikuchi, T.J. Lyons
Title:Effects of land use in Southwest Australia: 1. Observations of cumulus cloudiness and energy fluxes
Publication:J. Geophys. Res., 108, D14, 4414, doi:10.1029/2002JD002654.
Abstract:The Southwest Australian region has large homogeneous tracts of dffering vegetation types separated by a sharp transition called the vermin or bunny fence which runs for almost 750 km.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1054


Date:01/01/2005
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Zhou, G., C. Zhao, Y. Qin
Title:Numerical study of the impact of cloud droplet spectral change on mesoscale precipitation
Publication:Atmos. Res., 78, 166-181.
Abstract:The change of cloud droplet spectra can modify the microphysics and radiative processes of the atmosphere, which in turn affects surface precipitation.
Location:23
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Record ID:41/1055


Date:12/01/2006
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(19) Cumulus
Author:Khairoutdinov, Marat, David Randall
Title:High-Resolution Simulation of Shallow-to-Deep Convection Transition over Land
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 3421-3436.
Abstract:Results are presented from a high-resolution three-dimensional simulation of shallow-to-deep convection transition based on idealization of observations made during the Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere (LBA) experiment in Amazonia, Brazil, during the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)-LBA mission on 23 February.
Location:http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0469&volume=63&issue=12
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Record ID:41/1056


Date:12/01/2006
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
(19) Cumulus
Author:Khairoutdinov, Marat, David Randall
Title:High-Resolution Simulation of Shallow-to-Deep Convection Transition over Land
Publication:J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 3421-3436.
Abstract:Results are presented from a high-resolution three-dimensional simulation of shallow-to-deep convection transition based on idealization of observations made during the Large-Scale Biosphere–Atmosphere (LBA) experiment in Amazonia, Brazil, during the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)-LBA mission on 23 February.
Location:http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0469&volume=63&issue=12
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Record ID:41/1057


Date:08/01/2006
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Barthlott, Christian, Ulrich Corsmeier, Cathérine Meißner, Frank Braun and Christoph Kottmeier
Title:The influence of mesoscale circulation systems on triggering convective cells over complex terrain
Publication:Atmos. Res., 891, 150-175.
Abstract:The project VERTIKATOR (Vertical Exchange and Orography) focused on the initiation and transport processes as well as the model representation of convective systems above low mountain ranges in central Europe.
Location:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=PublicationURL&_tockey=%23TOC%235889%232006%23999189997%23627437%23FLA%23&_cdi=5889&_pubType=J&view=c&_auth=y&_acct=C000053133&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=1493582&md5=acbfe4c4f95350219d20098982fb02b0
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Record ID:41/1058


Date:02/01/2007
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parker, Matthew D.
Title:Simulated Convective Lines with Parallel Stratiform Precipitation. Part I: An Archetype for Convection in Along-Line Shear
Publication:Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 267-288.
Abstract:This article, the first of two describing convective lines with parallel stratiform (PS) precipitation, addresses the basic kinematic and precipitation features of these systems.
Location:http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0469&volume=64&issue=2
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Record ID:41/1059


Date:02/01/2007
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Parker, Matthew D.
Title:Simulated Convective Lines with Parallel Stratiform Precipitation. Part II: Governing Dynamics and Associated Sensitivities
Publication:Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 289-312.
Abstract:This article is the second of two describing convective lines with parallel stratiform (PS) precipitation. The PS mode appears to be the preferred organizational structure in environments with line-parallel vertical wind shear.
Location:http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0469&volume=64&issue=2
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Record ID:41/1060


Date:02/01/2007
Subject:(41) Mesoscale Meteorology
Author:Jiang, Xianan, Ngar-Cheung Lau, Isaac M. Held, Jeffrey J. Ploshay
Title:Mechanisms of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet as Simulated in an AGCM
Publication:Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 64, 532-547.
Abstract:A model diagnosis has been performed on the nocturnal Great Plains low-level jet (LLJ), which is one of the key elements of the warm season regional climate over North America.
Location:http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-toc&issn=1520-0469&volume=64&issue=2
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Record ID:41/1061

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